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Wounded Australian soldiers in France, World War I. The term "strafed" was used to describe a unit in combat that had suffered significant losses. Wikimedia Commons

By- Khushi Bisht

Soldiers in the frontline during World War I often communicated via slang terms. They discussed languages and accents with their comrades, coining a host of slang terms in the process. As a result, the First World War spawned a slew of slang and vernacular terms. In this article, we will discuss the meanings of some of the most often used military slang terms during the First World War.


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STRAFE

The word “strafe” is derived from the German expression ‘Gott strafe England,’ which meant ‘God punish England,’ and was commonly used during World War I. It had a plethora of definitions during the war, including an invasion, heavy bombing, and so on. “Harsh Punishment” or a “Strong bombard” were the main meanings of the term. The term “strafed” was used to describe a unit in combat that had suffered significant losses.


Effects of shell shock. Wikimedia Commons

SHELL SHOCK

From 1915, the word “shell shock” was used to describe the neurological state that troops experienced during the First World War. It was the name for a rare type of neural illness that afflicted the armed force during the war. According to a statement made in the House Of Lords in 1920, before “Shell Shock” was well recognized, executions for cowardliness and abandonment were imposed and executed on soldiers in the early stages of the war, who, in terms of subsequent events, were struggling from shell shock and therefore not accountable for their behavior.

IRON RATIONS:

“Iron Rations” was first used in the mid-1880s to refer to soldiers’ emergency food supplies, especially for soldiers in combat. A can of tea and sugar, rice and bully beef, bread and biscuits, salt and chocolates were among the emergency supplies. However, during World War I, the word was coined to refer to shrapnel (fragments ejected from an explosion) or shellfire (the firing of large military guns).


Canned bully (corned) beef. Wikimedia Commons

DEKKO

The term “Dekko” derived from the Hindi word “Dekho” which means “to look.” It is one of several terms that the British forces gathered during the British Raj, the time when India was ruled by the British. “Dekho” is one of a host of words carried from India by the British and eventually circulated in the British military. It became extremely popular during World War I.

COOTIES

Although the word “Cooties” may have had a previous prevalence, by 1917, it was commonly used in the armed and the newspapers. Following World War I, the word remained popular, primarily in the United States. It was used to refer to lice on the body or the head. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it comes from the Malaysian word “Kuti” which means “Parasitic Insect.”


Routing the “Cooties.” Wikimedia Commons

BLIMP

The word “Blimp” was basically a slang word of an ambiguous origin and was coined to describe a tiny dirigible airship during the First World War. The British Military operated two kinds of airships during World War I, the first one was non-rigid airships, which were used for anti-submarine monitoring along the shore. The second one was stiff airships, which were primarily used by Germans. These were also used by the British Military, mostly to defend convoys. A more plausible explanation is that the term is intended to mimic the sound made by a highly inflated airship.

ALSO READ: Contribution of Radio In World War I And II

BLIGHTY

The term ‘Blighty’ comes from the Hindi word ‘Bilayati,’ which means ‘foreign, particularly Europe.’ The Hindi word “Bilayati” is itself derived from the Arabic word “Wilayati,” which means “Provincial.” This term was most likely coined by members of the British forces stationed in India in the late 1800s, but it acquired widespread usage during World War I. “Blighty wound,” was military slang for a severe war injury that required the soldier to be evacuated, most likely to his home country.


An unidentified airship on the ground. Note the gunners on the front of the airship and on top of it. Wikimedia Commons

ARCHIE

This word was widely used during World War 1. It was a reference to German anti-aircraft artillery in particular. The only possible origin of the word is a classic music-hall song with the chorus “Archibald? Certainly Not!” According to popular belief, the term “Archie” and other anti-aircraft slang originated with a song sung by George Robey in 1911.


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Upcoming medical colleges in Uttar Pradesh will be named after saints and sages

The new medical colleges being opened in Uttar Pradesh will be named after saints and sages.

The state government has issued an order naming four district hospitals that are being converted into medical colleges.

These district hospitals are in Bijnor, Fatehpur, Chandauli, and Siddharth Nagar.

The Bijnor medical college has been named after Mahatma Vidur, a philosopher during the Mahabharata era and uncle of the Pandavas and Kauravas.

The Chandauli medical college has been named after Baba Keenaram, said to be the founder of the Aghori sect.

The Siddharth Nagar district hospital will be called Madhav Prasad Tripathi Medical College after the BJP politician from the region. Tripathi, popularly known as Madhav Babu, was also the first Uttar Pradesh BJP chief. He was elected MP from Domariyaganj in 1977, besides being two times Jan Sangh MLA and also a member of the UP legislative council.

The Fatehpur hospital has been named Amar Shaheed Jodha Singh Ataiya Thakur Dariyawn Singh Medical College, after the freedom fighter of 1857.

It is said that he was among the first to use Guerrilla warfare against the British, as taught by freedom fighter Tatya Tope.

Meanwhile, according to official sources, the medical college in Deoria will be named after Maharishi Devraha Baba and the medical college of Ghazipur in the name of Maharishi Vishwamitra.

The medical college of Mirzapur will be in the name of Maa Vindhyavasini, the medical college of Pratapgarh in the name of Dr. Sonelal Patel and the medical college of Etah will be named after Veerangana Avantibai Lodhi. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: Medical Colleges, Uttar Pradesh, Yogi Adityanath, India, Politics


Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Photo of Indian cricket team on the ground

Former Pakistan captain Inzamam-ul-Haq has picked India as the favourite to win the ongoing ICC Men's T20 World Cup in Oman and United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Inzamam feels that the Virat Kohli-led India have a greater chance of winning the trophy as the conditions in the Gulf nations are similar to the subcontinent, which makes India the most dangerous side in the event, according to Inzamam.

"In any tournament, it cannot be said for certain that a particular team will win' It's all about how much chance do they have of winning it. In my opinion, India have a greater chance than any other team of winning this tournament, especially in conditions like these. They have experienced T20 players as well," said Inzamam on his YouTube channel.

He said more than the Indian batters, the bowlers have a lot of experience of playing in the conditions. The Indian Premier League (IPL) was played recently in UAE and most of the Indian bowlers did well in that leg.

Inzy heaped praises on the Men in Blue for the confident manner in which they chased the target against Australia on a challenging track without needing Kohli's batting prowess.

"India played their warm-up fixture against Australia rather comfortably. On subcontinent pitches like these, India are the most dangerous T20 side in the world. Even today, if we see the 155 runs they chased down, they did not even need Virat Kohli to do so," he added.

Though he did not pick any favourite, Inzamam termed the India-Pakistan clash in the Super 12 on October 24 as the 'final before the final' and said the team winning it will go into the remaining matches high on morale,

"The match between India and Pakistan in the Super 12s is the final before the final. No match will be hyped as much as this one. Even in the 2017 Champions Trophy, India and Pakistan started and finished the tournament by facing each other, and both the matches felt like finals. The team winning that match will have their morale boosted and will also have 50 percent of pressure released from them," Inzamam added. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: India, Pakistan, Sports, ICC T20 World Cup, UAE.


Photo by Diana Akhmetianova on Unsplash

Skin problems like itchiness, dryness and flakiness can occur anytime if you're not moisturising your body enough.

Skin problems like itchiness, dryness and flakiness can occur anytime if you're not moisturising your body enough. It is commonly observed that while many people take their skincare routine seriously, a majority of them neglect to moisturise the body. It is important to keep in mind that timing matters a lot when it comes to applying moisturisers. Therefore, knowing the appropriate time to apply body lotion is essential.

Take a look at the ideal times to moisturise your body shared by Kimi Jain, Head of Retail, KIMRICA.

Morning
Moisturising the body in the morning sets your skin up to face countless irritants and environmental factors during the day. The skin is constantly exposed to harsh chemicals and pollutants when you're outside which is why using a protective and soothing moisturiser while going out is necessary. Kimirica's Five Elements Body Lotion comes with natural Aloe Vera extracts that act as a rich source of antioxidants and vitamins that helps protect your skin and provide a deep nourishing effect.

man in white crew neck t-shirt Moisturising the body in the morning sets your skin up to face countless irritants and environmental factors during the day. | Photo by The Creative Exchange on Unsplash

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