Friday April 20, 2018

Still lot to know about women’s heart says Indian origin cardiologist

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Washington: For the first time there was a release of a scientific statement on female heart attacks by The American Heart Association(AHA). The statement highlighted existing knowledge gaps and outlined the priority steps needed to better understand and treat heart disease in women.

The statement chaired by Dr Laxmi Mehta, a cardiologist at the Ohio State University’s Wexner Medical Centre, compiles the newest data on symptoms, treatments and the types of heart attacks among women.

“Over the last 10 years or so, we’ve learned that women’s hearts are different than men’s in some significant ways and while that’s helped reduce mortality, there’s much more to know,” said Mehta, who is also director of Ohio State’s women’s cardiovascular health programme.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for women globally.

While men and women both experience chest pain as a primary heart attack symptom, women often have atypical, vague symptoms without the usual chest pain such as palpitations, pain in the back, shoulder or jaw, even anxiety, sweating or indigestion.

Some women may only experience shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting or flu-like symptoms.

“These symptoms can be very challenging for the patient and the medical profession. Women tend to under recognise or deny them. When they do present to the emergency department, it is important for these symptoms to be triaged appropriately as potential heart problems,” Mehta emphasised.

Delay in seeking treatment is more common among women than men. The authors report several factors can lead to a delay in seeking help for heart attack symptoms.

“Living alone, interpreting symptoms as temporary or not urgent, consulting with a doctor or family member first and fear of embarrassment if the symptoms aren’t serious are some of them,” the authors noted.

“We don’t yet clearly understand why women have different causes and symptoms of heart attacks,” Mehta said.

“Women are more complex, there are more biological variables such as hormonal fluctuations. That’s why more research is needed,” she said.

Social, environmental and community differences also play a role in how women’s treatment outcomes differ from men’s.

More women have depression related to heart disease, which can hinder their treatment.

Women less often complete cardiac rehabilitation due to the competing work and family responsibilities and lack of support.

Frankly, women are great at nagging their spouses, so they make sure their partner takes their medications, goes to cardiac rehab, eats better and sees the doctor.

“Unfortunately. many women don’t make their own personal health their priority, which contributes to more favourable outcomes in men versus women after a heart attack,” Mehta noted.

Certain cardiovascular risk factors are more potent in women, including Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.

There is also growing evidence that emotional stress and depression can influence the onset and course of heart disease in women.

“The first step to help improve outcomes for women is attention to gender-specific characteristics and disparities to improve awareness, prevention, recognition and treatment in women with heart disease,” Mehta said.(IANS)

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Right Skin Care Must Be Ensured in Changing Weather

Girls, go through these super cool tips to protect your skin

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Skin care for girls this summer
Skin care for girls. Pixabay

April is the month of changing weather. Be mindful of skin issues, and keep troubles away by exfoliating twice a week and by using a moisturiser with SPF in it, suggest experts.

Sham Kumar, Assistant Education Manager at Kiehl’s India, Geetika Mittal Gupta, Founder and Medical Director at ISAAC, and Shubhika Jain, founder of RAS Luxury Oils, have given inputs:

* Exfoliating your skin can really help in the rejuvenating your skin. Do so at least twice a week using the appropriate exfoliating products according to the skin type like face scrubs, exfoliating face masques.

This removes dead cells, dull skin-debris, improving hydration from toners and moisturisers.

Face masks for protecting skin
Face masks to protect skin

* Use a nourishing facial oil before applying SPF lotions.

* Peels can really help breaking the toughest layers of dead skin, we recommend a gentle peel with the quinoa husk extract (super food) which is known for ultimate exfoliating properties, gentle on skin, safe for acne prone and even sensitive skin types.

* Antioxidants can really help in rejuvenation of skin cells. Pure vitamin C in the serums and moisturisers rejuvenates skin and known for other benefits like boosting collagen and elastin production in your skin, protection from free radicals.

Also Read: Know the goodness of coconut for your skin

* Follow the correct skincare regimen during evening time. Some of the essentials oils that can help rejuvenate skin at night are primrose oil, which is extracted from the ripe seeds of the evening primrose.

It contains essential fatty acids that the body cannot produce on its own that help to repair the skin barrier while maintaining hydration and elasticity. Lavender oil has soothing and calming properties, this oil helps skin looking brighter and healthier.

For glowing skin, never neglect a healthy diet.
Healthy diet for glowing skin

* A vitamin-C serum is a must in every woman’s arsenal. It is a powerful antioxidant to combat the effects of free radical damage due to air pollution. It leaves the skin with a soft dewy glow all over.

* Retinol being one of the richest sources of vitamin A, combats wrinkles, smoothens the skin and slows the overall signs of ageing over time.

* Never neglect on a healthy nutritious diet. It is crucial to maintain a healthy and youthful skin. Stay away from inflammatory foods such as excessive oil, dairy and opt for plenty of fruits and vegetables.

Also Read: Few suggestions to maintain a youthful skin

* Hydrate your body by drinking plenty of water everyday to add to the glow of your skin.

* Keep your skin hydrated by using hydrosols — floral waters made from the steam distillation of various plant materials. Rose is highly recommended as not only does it have a refreshing scent, it is anti-inflammatory and helps maintain the skins PH balance.  BollywoodCountry