Tuesday November 21, 2017

Suicide is Preventable: Alarming Effects of Self-harm on Families, Communities, Societies

There are 3.5 male suicides for every female suicide, but three times as many females as males attempt suicide

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Deliberate self harm
Feelings of helplessness, stemming from a variety of social and cultural factors can force an adolescent to indulge in self-harm. Pixabay
  • September 10 is observed as World Suicide Precention Day
  • Every year some 800,000 people die as a result of suicide
  • Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for 15 to 24-year-olds and 2nd for 24 to 35-year-olds
  • Suicide claims more lives than war, murder, and natural disasters combined
  • There are 3.5 male suicides for every female suicide, but three times as many females as males attempt suicide

Sept 11, 2016:

Dorothy Paugh was nine when her father took his life. “I count that day as the last day of my childhood. Because from that moment on, I had no sense of security. I had no sense that the world was a safe place,” she said.

Her father was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, a place of repose for presidents and military heroes. Paugh’s father served bravely in World War II. After his death, the White House sent a letter from “a grateful nation” that her mother hung prominently on the wall by the front door. Paugh says her mother wanted her children to remember their father as a war hero, and not to focus how he died. But, they never spoke about his death. Paugh said it was a special type of isolation.

Suicide is committed every year by the poor as well as the rich people.World Health Organization says about 75 percent of suicides happen in low and middle-income countries, where it was the second leading cause of death in 2012, the last year for which the WHO has statistics. In that year, it was the 15th leading cause of death worldwide. Young people between the ages of 15 and 29 are particularly vulnerable.

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There are 3.5 male suicides for every female suicide, but three times as many females as males attempt suicide.

494,169 people visited a hospital for injuries due to self-harm behavior, suggesting that approximately 12 people harm themselves (not necessarily intending to take their lives) for every reported death by suicide.

Suicide is preventable

But medical experts say suicide is preventable, and they try to draw attention to that on World Suicide Prevention Day, which this year is September 10. Most suicidal individuals give warning signs or signals of their intentions. The best way to prevent suicide is to recognize these warning signs and know how to respond if you spot them.

Paul Gionfriddo, president of Mental Health America, compares suicide to the end stage of cancer, a terminal point in mental illness or disease.Gionfriddo said, “Suicide is the ultimate stage four event for a lot of people who have serious mental illnesses, and frankly it’s the ultimate stage four, late-stage event for a lot of people with other kinds of chronic diseases as well, too, who might not have had a mental illness.”

The best way to prevent suicide is through early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of depression and other mental health conditions.

On its web page, the World Health Organization notes that “early identification and treatment of depression and alcohol use disorders are key for the prevention of suicide…as well as follow-up contact with those who have attempted suicide, and psychosocial support in communities.” Experts also say people need to change the notion that those who commit suicide are cowards.Paugh says she thinks her father got overwhelmed. “He was no coward. He fought in World War II.”

Guns and suicide

The WHO urges countries to reduce access to the means of suicide. Statistics show having access to a firearm increases the risk of suicide, and in fact, in the U.S., half of all suicides are committed with a gun. Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, said there are ways to change that statistic. “We can make the firearm safer. We can make people safer with their firearms, and then we can make the environment itself safer.”

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Paugh’s son Peter bought a gun, to go target shooting and for protection. Then her life was shaken once more. “I lost my son in 2012,” she said. Peter was 25 years old when he shot himself.

Paugh often carries her favorite picture of her son. “It’s so understated, but he has piercing blue eyes. He’s paying attention. He’s looking at the world with love, I think.” And he has a hint of a smile on his handsome, young face.

One death every 40 seconds

Every year some 800,000 people die as a result of suicide. The World Health Organization says this translates to one death every 40 seconds. Beyond this, suicide impact families, societies, and communities.

Paugh agrees. “The ripple effect is enormous…his brothers, his girlfriend, myself, his father. It’s a shock that takes years to recover…to find footing again.”

The shock of the suicide deaths of her father and her son inspired her to become a suicide prevention advocate. “If we think someone may be troubled, ask them outright if they are having thoughts of suicide. It’s not a comfortable conversation, but it’s a lot more comfortable than a funeral….That’s my hope and my purpose in speaking about suicide. So people know it is preventable.” (VOA)

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Study: Drinking and Smoking can cause Problems to the Dental Fillings

Failure of Dental fillings in smokers and alcohol drinkers.

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Smoking causes failure of Dental fillings
Smoking causes failure of Dental fillings. Pixabay
  • Indulging in smoking or drinking alcohol may not only damage your teeth but also lead to increased incidences of failure in dental fillings, warned researchers.

The findings, led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh, showed that within two years of the dental procedure, Dental fillings failed more often in patients who drank alcohol, while the overall filling failure rate was higher in men who smoked.

Furthermore, people with a difference in the gene for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP2) — an enzyme found in teeth — were at increased risk of Dental filling failure.

This could be because MMP2 might be able to degrade the bond between the filling and the tooth surface, potentially leading to failure, the researchers said.

The results, published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine, suggest that genetic analysis might help dentists to personalize treatments for their patients, which could lead to improved outcomes.

“A better understanding of individual susceptibility to dental disease and variation in treatment outcomes will allow the dental field to move forward,” said Alexandre Vieira, a researcher from the varsity.

“In the future, genetic information may be used to personalize dental treatments and enhance treatment outcomes,” Vieira added.

For the study, the team from America and Brazil analyzed dental records of 807 patients.
Fillings can fail for a variety of reasons, including re-emergence of the initial tooth decay or the filling becoming detached.

The researchers also examined if newer composite resin Dental fillings are as durable as traditional amalgam fillings, which have been in use for more than 150 years but which contain mercury, a toxic metal.

The researchers found that overall, there were no major differences between patients receiving amalgam or composite Dental fillings in terms of filling failure rates. (IANS)

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‘At one point, I even had suicidal thoughts and wanted to end things’, says Bollywood Actress Ileana D’Cruz

Actress Ileana D'Cruz was once suffering from depression and Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Watch out what she has to say.

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Actress Ileana D'Cruz
Actress Ileana D'Cruz . wikimedia commons
  • Actress Ileana D’Cruz, who suffered depression and Body Dysmorphic Disorder, says at one point in her life she felt suicidal.
  • But once she accepted herself, she started feeling better.

Actress Ileana D’Cruz suffered from Body Dysmorphic Disorder

At the 21st World Congress of Mental Health here on Sunday, Ileana had a tete-a-tete with Organising Chairman Sunil Mittal on her struggle with depression and Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Ileana was also awarded the Woman of Substance Award for her efforts towards raising awareness about mental health, read a statement.

She said: “I was always a very self-conscious person and was picked on for my body type. I used to feel low and sad all the time but didn’t know I was suffering from depression and Body Dysmorphic Disorder till I got help. All I wanted to do was to be accepted by everyone.

“At one point, I even had suicidal thoughts and wanted to end things. However, all of it changed when I accepted myself and what I was going through. I think that is the first step towards fighting depression.”

The “Barfi!” and “Rustom” actress said depression is “real” and people shouldn’t shy away from seeking help.

“It is a chemical imbalance in your brain and needs to be treated. Don’t sit back and think it will get okay but go get help. Like you have a sprain and go get yourself checked if you have depression, seek help,” she said, urging people to be like Winnie the Pooh. “He wore a crop top, ate his favorite food all day and loved himself, you can too.”

Ileana D’Cruz, whose mother was her biggest pillar of strength throughout, also said imperfections are a part of life.

“I am not saying that I had this miraculous recovery, every day is a process, every day is a step towards healing yourself and getting better. You are a human being and are allowed to be imperfect, and you are allowed to be flawed. There is a lot of beauty in your imperfections, in your uniqueness.

“You may look at us actors and think that ‘Oh my God, they are so pretty, so perfect’. But that’s not how it is. It takes two hours to get ready and look like this. Love yourself for who you are and trust me if you are happy from within, you are the most beautiful person and your smile is your best asset.”

Ileana D’Cruz said she decided to open up about her struggle because “as someone people look up to, even if I can help a handful of people cope, it is worth talking about it”.

The World Congress was organized by the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH), a global alliance of mental health professionals, national health associations, NGOs, policy experts and other institutions.( IANS)

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5 Things You Can do to Treat Your Depression Instantly

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Depression
Heal your depression instantly by making the most out of your life. Pixabay.
  • Depression is a very tense and grave situation that a person can ever suffer.
  • Only someone who’s been through the depression phase must be knowing how difficult it is.
  • Most of us don’t realize that depression is affecting our daily lives until it has created the worse by taking away our hopes and dreams into avail.

It may take days, weeks or even months to treat depression, but it will eventually pass. You may not be able to see it, but there’s surely a way out to heal. We’ve all been there and it’s really okay to not be okay. So, for the next time when you feel low about yourself and your life over depression, try out these.

Keep Yourself Busy 

Depression
Practice your hidden hobbies to heal your depression. Pixabay.

Being busy is the best thing to not only treat your depression but to clear out all your procrastination. When you’re feeling low and depressed, you start becoming hopeless and pathetic about yourself. You may not realize, but your thought process will not flow in a proper direction and make you ponder over your own sadness. Try to do various kinds of activities be it your hobby or work, don’t leave your mind go into astray.

Realise your own self

Depression
Pen down your thoughts during the depression. Pixabay.

If you really want to daydream, think about the times when you were proud of yourself even for a minor thing. Make a list of all your strengths and achievements to heal depression. If possible, start practicing to pen down your thoughts in a diary or an online journal. Write down whatever crosses your mind and what you could have done as an alternate option to a situation. Provide importance to realize your own self and gain the inner confidence because only you know that you are the best to run or ruin your life.

Share your feelings

Depression
Find a Confidante who won’t judge your depression issues. Pixabay.

Keeping your thoughts to yourself will not solve your problem of depression, instead, it will worsen the more. You must find a confidante who won’t judge you and understand your thoughts. It can be your best friend or a family member whom you really trust. Open up and talk about anything and everything. They would definitely do anything to make you happy once again.

Talk to a stranger if you are an introvert

Depression
Your depression will heal once you start confiding your thoughts to someone.Pixabay.

Carrying a baggage on yourself of being an introvert makes you hurtle through every situation. But, it’s not a certain problem that you should deal with, it’s just your fear of being judged and rejected. Sometimes, you need someone out of your known circle to talk with. It’s much easier to talk to a stranger who doesn’t feel sympathetic about your depression. Try making new friends and disclose your life to them. You’ll be amazed to understand how easy it is to open up to someone you know nothing about and vice-versa.

Get some entertainment and Fun in life

Depression
Go out for an evening karaoke night to relax your depressed mind. Pixabay.

Entertainment is the key to happiness unless it’s socially addictive, treating your depression effectively. Make the most out of your life by going on a thrilling adventure or watch something hilarious when you’re alone which makes you feel happy about. You’ll end up realizing that no matter how sad your life is, but some funny things are never going to cease. Just sit back and watch online series like GOT or FRIENDS or maybe try out a Karaoke night who knows you’ll find that confidante there itself.

-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana