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Sushma Swaraj calls for reforms in UN Security Council

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By NewsGram Staff-Writer

United Nations: External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj on Thursday, pointed out that the Security Council still had the vestiges of colonial era of 1945 and stressed the need for reforming the Security Council for preserving the legitimacy of the UN.

Photo Credit: economictimes.indiatimes.com
Photo Credit: economictimes.indiatimes.com

Calling the Security Council “a system built for a world that no longer exists” Swaraj said: “We have to include more developing nations in the decision making structures of the Security Council. And we need to change the way it does business by doing away with outdated and non-transparent working methods.”

Addressing the General Assembly in Hindi, Swaraj said: “In a world that continues to be dominated by wealthy and influential nations, the notion of sovereign equality of the UN has permitted the developing world to question some unfair norms. But it has not permitted a fundamental challenge to the inequity of a system built for a world that longer exists.”

“Imparting more legitimacy and balance to the Council would restore its credibility and equip it to confront the challenges of our times,” she said.

Unlike Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who made an open plea for Japan being made a permanent member, Swaraj did not mention India and presented the reform in more universal terms appealing to African and Latin American countries.

“How can we have a Security Council in 2015 which still reflects the geopolitical architecture of 1945? How can we have a Security Council which still does not give place as a permanent member to Africa and Latin America?” she asked.

“India was one of the countries which signed the Charter although we were not independent at that time. We got our independence two years later.”

With colonialism still dominating the world, the UN was founded with 51 members and the five victorious powers of World War II were given permanent seats with veto powers.

The UN now has 193 members, the vast majority of whom are from the developed world. Except for adding four non-permanent seats in 1965, the basic structure of the Security Council has remained the same.

Swaraj complimented Ugandan Foreign Minister Sam Kutesa, the president of the last session of the General Assembly, and Jamaican Ambassador Courtnay Rattray- who was appointed by Kutesa to head the reform negotiations, for their role in achieving a breakthrough in reforms.

Under their leadership, she said, “we have achieved what we could not do so over two decades of discussions- a text to negotiate, unanimously adopted by consensus in the General Assembly under Decision 69/56o”.

“This first, but critical step, must be the springboard for action in this historic 70th Session of the UNGA,” she said.

The lack of a negotiating text had blocked any meaningful discussions on reforms and negotiations are set to resume next month.

India is a part of the group known as G4, which includes Brazil, Germany, and Japan, that work for Security Council reforms. They mutually support each other’s quest for permanent memberships.

During Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to New York, G4 held a summit meeting where they discussed their future joint action.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, who spoke earlier on Thursday at the General Assembly, said Germany was campaigning for Security Council reforms to make the UN “responsive and legitimate.”

(With inputs from IANS)

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“If Jinnah is secular than Laden is the world’s best democrat”, Ahmar Mustikhan

The recent emotional reunion between Kulbhushan Jadhav and his wife and mother has garnered enough global attention.

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Ahmar Mustikhan has come in for full support of Kulbhushan Yadav and his family
Ahmar Mustikhan has come in for full support of Kulbhushan Yadav and his family

NEW DELHI: In a recent Facebook video, Ahmar Mustikhan has communicated his views on the recent meeting of Kulbhushan Yadav with his wife Chetna and mother Avanti. Mustikhan is a renowned writer, analyst, and veteran Baloch journalist. He is also the founder of a non-profit organisation known as ’American Friends of Balochistan’. Through this organization, Mustikhan expresses his views on atrocities of Pakistani army been hammered on Baloch people.

Kulbhushan Jadav is an Indian national, who is been sentenced to death by the Pakistani Army court.. Wikileaks
Kulbhushan Jadav is an Indian national, who is been sentenced to death by the Pakistani Army court. Wikileaks

Kulbhushan Yadav is an Indian national, who is been sentenced to death by the Pakistani Army court. The recent emotional reunion between Kulbhushan Jadhav and his wife and mother has garnered enough global attention due to the mental torcher experienced by both the ladies at the Pakistani foreign office. The cold-shouldered response from Pakistan’s side was fiercely condemned by the Indian people and called it a violation of the human rights of the women. Foreign minister Sushma Swaraj even called it a “propaganda weapon” used by Pakistan.

MustiKhan in his video referred Pakistan as “Chapal Chor Pakistan” (Slipper thief Pakistan) because Pakistan’s foreign office had confiscated the slippers of Kulbhushan’s wife on the pretext of security concern. The women were even asked to remove their mangalsutra, bindi, and bangles for the same reason. Later on, Pakistani media didn’t let any stone unturned by harassing both the women and calling them murderer’s wife and mother.

Also Read: Clerics help Pakistan pedophiles target minor Hindu, Christian girls

On this basis, Mustikhan viewed that a Hindu or an Indian can never get Justice from the hands of Pakistan. To support his views, he quoted a historic event of 1927 which is related to a Hindu Marwari merchant, Raj Shivratan Chandraratan Mohatta. The merchant had built a very splendid mansion in the love of his ailing wife and named it ‘Mohatta Palace’ and was considered as the most beautiful residence of Karachi at that time. But Muhammad Ali Jinnah got his eyes on his house and forced him to vacate it. Soon, the house was taken over and turned into Pakistan’s first foreign office. After the capital was relocated to Islamabad from Karachi, the mansion was transferred to Jinnah’s sister, Fatima Jinnah. So, this was the case of the first foreign office of Pakistan, as stated by Ahmar Mustikhan.

According to MustiKhan, the Indian people who crib about Narendra Modi are directly supporting the views of Pakistani Generals and militants. These are the same army generals who have the blood of millions of innocent people on their hands.  When Modi was elected as the Prime Minister of India, some people called him as the “Butcher of Gujarat”. MustiKhan also denounces the view that Kulbhushan Yadav and Ajmal Kasab are similar offenders, as claimed by the Pakistani media. But he openly challenges the Pakistani government regarding any proof related to Yadav’s case, whereas Kasab’s heinous act was captured live on CCTV cameras. Here, MustiKhan openly exposes the double face strategy of Pakistan.

Also see: Ahmar Mustikhan views on Kulbhushan Yadav’s meeting with his mother and wife

MustiKhan even said, “If Jinnah is secular (as people says in Pakistan) than Laden is the best Democrat.” With his all these efforts, he is trying to make people aware of the war crimes against the people of Balochistan and has even requested the Indian people to support his cause of peace and harmony.