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It isn't surprising that our moods and spirits instantly lift up the moment we step into a well-designed space. Our built spaces have a colossal impact on our emotions, carrying us through various states of mind as we move through different areas. Perhaps, this powerful ability of architecture is the reason were able to perceive people to a great extent by taking a look at their dwellings.
Our spaces should be an extension of our personalities. Owing to their energetic and bubbly personalities, some people prefer brightly coloured spaces embellished with avant-garde decor, inspiring energy and cheer. Others opt for sobriety through simple, subtle designs that parade minimalism, inspiring calmness and comfort.
Rooms with high ceilings and towering walls give off an domineering aura, automatically making a person more aware and conscious of their surroundings. On the contrary, low-height spaces with ample openings establish a rooted feeling, putting the user at ease and relaxing them.
Biophilia has been known to be one of the most effective design elements that can alter temperaments. Just a dash of bright green against a dull, concrete backdrop can enliven the space, transforming it from a lifeless structure to a lively space, reducing stress, anxiety and ill-health. Expansive windows that retain visual connectivity with the outdoors are significant in maintaining a healthy relationship with the outer world.
Isolated rooms bereft of light and air due to a lack of windows can lead to dangerous repercussions, not only causing disease but also severe mental depression. For outdoor areas, landscaping softens surfaces, making them more inviting and suited to stress-free behavior, as opposed to hard, daunting surfaces that command caution.
Architects choose the themes for their designs based on how they want the end-user to feel and the kind of experience they want them to have within that space. All elements of design- volumes, proportions, colors, materials and textures, eminently contribute to determining the mood of the architecture in that space, eventually determining the mood of the user.
( Article originally written by Rachna Agarwal) (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Architecture, Architect, Textures, Design, Materials, Architect
By Renata Nathania
You know you are in South India, especially parts of peninsular India, if you are surrounded by elaborate rock structures and colorful, tall temples. In the south, even the smallest temple that is erected at the corner of a city square is intricately designed. Most of them are made from stone or boulders, perhaps owing to the availability of large rock massed in the Deccan plateau. While this temple architecture is predominant in the southernmost tip of India, most parts of the erstwhile Pandya, Chola, and Vijayanagar kingdoms boast of this heritage.
Temples in the south, are an extravagant affair. There is an outer courtyard, and multiple structures in the center that must be visited in a certain order according to the Vaastu Shastra. Historians have noted that the horizontal outline of a temple in South India usually follows the outline of the human body while it is lying down. The entrance gate represents the feet, the various halls represent the abdomen and chest, and the sanctum represents the head. Long lines outside the temple on special occasions, do not shorten quickly because devotees have to cover a large distance within the temple courtyard on foot, and are required to perform certain rituals at each part of the structure.
The intricate designs and depictions on Gopurams. UnsplashUnsplash
The main feature of the Southern temples that makes them stand out is the tall pyramid structure which bears sculptures from top to bottom. These are called gopurams or vimanas depending on where they are situated. Gopurams are the tallest parts of the temple, usually at the entrance, a large and often colorful structure. There are many levels on a gopuram, and the art on each level depicts a story from myth or the scriptures. Some gopurams reach up to 200 feet. The structure at the Brihadeeshvara temple of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, rises up to 216 feet.
The vimana is a structure that is equally elaborate but it is much shorter than the gopuram. It is usually mounted on top of a square structure inside which is the sanctum. The vimana began to get shorter across the period of decline of the Chola dynasty and is said to be a marker of their prestigious heritage. Many Chola structures are names UNESCO heritage sites of the Chola empire, which was considered a glorious period for art and architecture in the South.
Gopuram are usually carved from a large block of soapstone or granite. Each storey is called hara or kalasa, which is also considered a miniature shrine. They are painted with bright colors, or lined with gold. When the Chola kingdom fell, the Pandyas who took over, built gopurams for all the temples. Most temples have four gopurams, which serve as gateways in each of the four directions. Entry through the east gate is considered most sacred as if will free the one who enters from the cycle of rebirth.
Keywords: Temples, Gopurams, South India, Vimanas, Architecture
About the Author: Apurva Bhalerao is a postgraduate in Mechatronics. She joined Internshala Trainings for Internet of Things training. She shares how an online training helped her complete her project and land a job in the core industry.
I was introduced to an online training platform by a dear colleague of mine during my first job as a Sr. e-commerce executive which was not very relevant to the education I had pursued. The dream of getting into a core job seemed quite obscure and this led me to a lot of sleepless nights, stress, and dissatisfaction. During such a hard time, the platform came into the picture which increased the probability of getting into core industry.
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I was enlightened about the platform when I received a mail regarding an offer for IDEMI (my college) students. I have been enraptured by automation and always aspired to fabricate automation into reality. I felt like the opportunity itself approached me and unfolded the path towards my aspirations. I spent no further time in enrolling myself for Internet of things (IoT) training program. The main aim to opt for IoT training was to be able to build a working project model for my postgraduate course in Mechatronics.
After a long wait of 15 days, the most awaited day arrived when the training actually began. Since I am from a mechanical background, the first few chapters proved to be the most thrilling, challenging, and brainstorming lessons for me. In the first module, I got a glimpse of the overall designing of web pages. The second module introduced me to the various components as well as the architecture of the BOLT IoT device. The very first experiment – “The blinking of the LED” – brought a great joy and a stupendous smile on my face. The third and the fourth modules were worth the wait. They presented me the CLOUD for the very first time. I did stumble a lot on the fourth module to connect my BOLT IoT device with the cloud, but then the BOLT forum came into the picture.
The videos were optimized in terms of time and knowledge which made them very interesting. The tests after every module kept me on my toes. The provided kit was of great help for practicing and improvisations. I was so indulged in the process that I used to be up all night experimenting, learning new things, and challenging myself daily. The BOLT forum was also very useful for solving doubts which gave the training program its customized touch.
I made a project based on IoT device ‘Arduino’ interfaced with ‘BOLT’ named “Automated watering system for agriculture” for my postgraduate course. It aimed to automate the irrigation system to provide adequate water required by the crop by monitoring the moisture of soil and climatic conditions on BOLT cloud. The complete data of moisture is accessible to the farmers on the mobile in a graphical form. I received an overwhelming response for my project because of the use of ‘BOLT’.
I have just completed my Postgraduate Diploma and got a placement in the core industry. While I was interviewed, I was informed by the HR that my resume was shortlisted since my post-graduation project was very relevant to the profile they were looking for. Waiting for my joining, I am building projects based on IoT for friends. I am also working on a tachometer which will store the data it displays for further optimization and analysis. The training experience with the platform proved to be a huge morale booster and I look forward to more experiences with them in the near future!
Courtesy: Internshala Trainings, an online training platform (trainings.internshala.com)
Basadi Betta, is an important pilgrim center located on the top of the Mandharagiri hills, in the village of Pandithanahalli, in Karnataka, India. Turned into a pilgrimage center for members of the Jaina religion, you can reach Basadi Betta through 435 steps.
From the top, four enclosed temples wrapped in illustrations are visible. The main area is where you can find a huge statue of Chandranatha Thirthankara. Eighth thirthankara (or master dharma expert in the jaina religion), Thirthankara appears represented totally naked next to a column of floral motifs and a mural with reliefs of tigers and cows crossing the statue as per an article by India Raju.
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There is a sensational temple (or guru mandir) on the right next door. You will see a monument with a height of 81 meters, with the main dome lined with peacock motifs.
This peacock temple in India is a place of the most photogenic and perfect icing of a complex that is the best excuse to spend a different day in the state of Karnataka , especially if you are in the city of Bangalore as per an article by India Raju.
Influence of the peacock on the Indian Architecture
The peacock is not only the national bird of India, but it is also linked to the culture of India. It is used by Kartikeya, the god of war, as a mount during wars. In link to goddesses Lakshmi, the peacock is a symbol of wisdom and immortality.
Worshiping of peacock can be seen all over India, especially in places like the City Palace of Jaipur and the famous peacocks that guard the Peacock Gate. Another example without leaving Rajasthan happens to be in the peacock sculpture that we can find in the City Palace of Udaipur .
With regard to South India, specifically in the state of Tamil Nadu , the peacock is more than present in several of its buildings. Some of the examples include the motif included in one of the gopuram (or threshold tower) that guards the Rathinagiri Hill Temple, in the village of Vellor , or in the Kapaleeswarar Temple, in the vicinity of Chennai as per an article by India Raju.