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Kannada litterateur, activist Chandrashekar Patil (83) passed away on Monday in a private hospital here after suffering from age-related ailments. His family sources said that final rites would be carried out in Bengaluru.
Chandrashekar Patil, popularly known as Champa, was a well-known poet, playwright and was considered as one of the foremost voices of the 'Bandaya' movement (Progressive, rebel literary movement).
Champa was the editor of the influential literary journal 'Sankramana'. He was known for leading many social and literary movements such as historical Gokak agitation, Bandaya movement and anti-Emergency movement, agitation for the implementation of Mandal report, farmer's movement and others.
After retiring as professor of English from Karnatak University in Dharwad, Patil served as the President of Kannada Sahitya Parishat and as the Chairman of the Kannada Development Authority. Patil had returned his Pampa Award, the highest literary honour of the government of Karnataka protesting the assassination of scholar Professor M.M. Kalburgi.
Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai has expressed condolences for the death of Patil. Patil hailed from Hattimattur village in Haveri district and went on to become popular as 'Champa'. "He is a revolutionary litterateur. His contribution to Kannada literature is immense. He fought for the supremacy of the language of the land all through," Bommai said.
Opposition leader Siddaramaiah has also shared his condolence message and said his death is a loss to Kannada literature world.
Patil is survived by wife and two children.
Keywords: Kannada Litterateur, Activist, Chandrashekar Patil, Author, Literature, World, Death)
At Darfur in Sudan, gunmen looted a World Food Program warehouse. Around 1900 metric tons of food aid was stored in that warehouse. This incident took place amidst a recent surge of violence in the region.
State news agency SUNA reported that the people residing in El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur state, had reported heavy gunfire near the warehouse, late on Tuesday. After the attack, the local government imposed a night-time curfew on the town. "We heard intense gunfire," local resident Mohamed Salem told AFP.
A World Food Program (WFP) official said the organization was “conducting an audit into what was stolen from the warehouse, which contained some 1900 [metric tons] of food products” intended to be lifesaving supplies for some of the most vulnerable people. “One in three people in Sudan needs humanitarian assistance,” said Khardiata Lo N’diaye, the United Nations humanitarian coordinator for Sudan. “Humanitarian assistance should never be a target.”
The Governor of Darfur, Mini Minawi, took to Twitter and condemned this raid as a “barbaric act”. He added that the people behind this incident would definitely “face justice”.
Also Read : India contributes food aid to South Sudan
This vast, arid and impoverished region is filled with people carrying guns. People are still reeling from a conflict that had broken out under the former President Omar al-Bashir in 2003. Thousands of people had lost their lives because of it. The main conflict in Darfur had diminished as a peace deal was struck with the key rebel groups last year. But violence still continues to erupt from time to time.
Since October there has been a rise in conflicts, mostly disputes over land, livestock and access to water and grazing. These led to the death of around 250 people, some of whom were herders and some were farmers. All these violent activities are occurring while Sudan reels from political turbulence in the wake of a coup led by military chief General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan on the 25th of October.
This vast, arid and impoverished region is filled with people carrying guns. Unsplash
According to the International Organization for Migration, tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes. United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres, last week, criticized the looting and the reported violence near a former U.N. logistics base in El Fasher that had been handed over to the local authorities a few days prior to the incident.
A joint U.N. and African Union mission, UNAMID, ended 13 years of peacekeeping operations in December last year, but Guterres said “substantial amounts of equipment and supplies” from the looted base were intended to be used by the Sudanese communities.
According to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, more than 14 million Sudanese will be needing humanitarian aid next year, which will be the highest level for a decade. (VOA/SP)
(Keywords : Sudan, warehouse, gunmen, food aid, Darfur, El Fasher, world, violence, government, curfew, United Nations, humanitarian, people, conflict, rebel, dispute, death, political, military, coup, force, flee, looting, supplies.)
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A team of 11 scientists from the Cleveland Clinic in the US and a researcher from Allahabad University (AU) have found a way in which chemo and radiation therapy will not be required to kill cancer cells.
The work of the team led by Yang Li, Professor of Cancer Biology at the Cleveland Clinic, and assisted by Munish Pandey, Assistant Professor at the Department of Biochemistry, AU, has been published in the prestigious journal 'Oncogene by Nature'.
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The research bears significance as the work promises a treatment using which the cancer patients will be saved from the side effects of chemo and radiation therapy. After its successful experiment on rats, efforts are now being intensified to apply it on the human body.
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Pandey said: "The study may give relief to cancer patient who undergoes chemotherapy. Chemotherapy uses radiation and other drugs which has many side effects and evoke immune system that causes severe pain and allergic reaction. The team has earlier developed knockout mice for miR-21 and the same was published in 'Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences' of the US (PNAS) journal. MicroRNA-21 (small non-coding RNA) is one of the most abundant microRNAs in mammalian cells that regulates apoptosis (programme cell death) and oncogenic effects.
"I have worked along with the American scientists and invented an alternative to chemotherapy and drugs in the treatment of cancer, which damage normal cells along with cancer cells during cancer treatment. This successful experiment was done by a team of 11 scientists in the Cleveland Clinic and Yang Li. Our team while experimenting on mice injected its anti-sense into mice to make miR-21 ineffective."
He added that due to cancer, tumours are formed in the body which are eliminated through chemotherapy and drugs. Unsplash
Following this, it was found that the tumour formed in the body of the rat gradually became smaller and some tumours disappeared completely. This experiment went on for a year in America. However, it has not yet been used on the human body. Now the effort has been intensified to apply it on the human body, Pandey said.
He added that due to cancer, tumours are formed in the body which are eliminated through chemotherapy and drugs. In this process of treatment along with cancer cells, normal cells are also damaged and has a negative effect on the body.
The group is working on other programmed cell death mechanisms, microRNAs and chemeric antigen T-cell therapy to tackle carcinogenicity in mice model. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : chemotherapy, cancer, research, scientists, radiation, therapy, treatment, effects, immune, pain, allergic, damage, experiment, tumour, death, mechanisms, carcinogenicity.)
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Hinduism's concept of death lies on the basis that it believes that the soul is immortal and imperishable. The soul is merely part of a body, which temporarily and eventually comes to an end. Thus, the Sanskrit word for death, "dehanta," means "the end of the body" but not the end of life. Hinduism holds a strong belief in the rebirth and reincarnation of souls based upon their karma, it believes that every thought and action has its repercussions; a soul becomes what it does. Thus, unless the soul achieves moksha and becomes one with the supreme i.e., the universe neither life nor life is permanent. They are both illusions for the soul to keep walking towards self-knowledge.
It is interesting to note the parallel of this Hinduism belief in science as similar to Hinduism belief that souls (life energy of beings) are immortal and can't be destroyed, science states, "Energy can neither be created nor destroyed."
The Rig Veda defines death as:
When he goes on the path that leads away from the breath of life.
Then he will be led by the will of the gods
May your eye go to the sun, your life's breath to the wind
Go to the sky or the earth, as is your nature.
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There are four courses that a soul may follow after death.
The first course, Devayana
Devayana is the realm of lights. Those who follow the way of the gods are the spiritually advanced soul who led the life of extreme purity and wholeheartedly devoted the Brahman ascent to return to god. They go to the Brahmaloka, the apex of heaven to attain liberation. This path leads the soul to the Brahman and it attains liberation from the cycle of rebirths.
The second course, Pitriyana
The soul returns to the cycle of rebirth on the earth as they still hold earthly desires.Unsplash
Pitriyana means the path of darkness, the souls who follow the ways of their ancestors walk on this path. It is followed by the ritualists who have cherished a desire for the results of their charity, austerity, worship, and vows. They receive joy and happiness as a reward for their good actions. However, they are returned to the cycle of rebirth on the earth as they still hold earthly desires within self.
The third course, Hell
Souls who led impure lives and performed actions that are forbidden in the scriptures. They are reborn as sub-human species as punishment for their bad karma. After atoning for their evil deeds, they are reborn in human bodies as a chance to lead a pure life to achieve enlightenment and be free from the endless cycle of birth.
The fourth course
Souls who are extremely dreadful in their thoughts and actions walk on this path. They are reborn multiple times as insignificant creatures like mosquitoes and fleas. And eventually, after repenting for their evil actions, they return to earth in human bodies to walk the path of goodness.
ALSO READ: Karma cycle: From Helpless to Wise
When a soul assumes a human body, it takes up the thread of spiritual evolution of its previous human birth and continues to evolve toward Self-knowledge. The souls that have attained spiritual enlightenment before death or upon death, their souls are absorbed in Brahman, and the elements of their body-mind complex, their life energy finally returns to their source.
Keywords: Hinduism, death, afterlife, karma, enlightenment, the cycle of rebirth, eternal soul