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Julie Rahra

I celebrate my Indian ancestry because India was born in me !

The above-captioned statement is an adaptation of the words of the late Ghana President Kwame Nkrumah. Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Dr. Keith Rowley, repeated the axiom at the September meeting of CARICOM and African States, by saying: "I am not African because I was born in Africa, but because Africa was born in me."

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Samudragupta's coins represent him both as a warrior and a peace-loving artist, with relevant suitable titles.

Samudragupta was a ruler of the Gupta Empire of Ancient India. He ruled over the country from 350-375 CE. It was under his rule that Ancient India peaked in all aspects and was came to known as the "Golden age of India". Samudragupta is known to be one of the best rulers of India. He is famous for his versatility and excellence in all fields from art and music to political and military knowledge. The son of King Chandra Gupta I and the Licchavi princess Kumaradevi personified the Indian conception of the hero in every way, shape, and form, he is pictured to be a muscular warrior, a poet, and a musician who displayed "marks of hundreds of wounds received in battle."

Upon his succession, he expanded the Gupta dynasty's boundaries through several conquests and battles. His empire stretched far and wide on the Indian subcontinent only excluding Kashmir, Western Punjab, and Western Rajputana and the region lying south of the Narmada river. From East to West, it spanned from the Brahmaputra River to the Arabian Sea. Samudragupta's conquest strategy was guided by the prevailing political and economic conditions. In the North was known as Digvijay which meant conqueror of the quarters, he conquered and annexed their territories, meanwhile in the south, it was Dharma Vijay which meant righteous conqueror, he defeated the kings but did not annex their territories as long as they give their throne to the empire as a tribune. He defeated the Naga kings of the north and humbled as many as twelve princes in the south. He politically unified India and brought it under his power. He was given the title "Maharajadhiraja" which translates to Kind of Kings. The British historian Vincent Smith who studied the inscriptions of the Allahabad pillar composed by a high-ranking official named Harishena made his comparison to the famous French military general Napoleon. He called Samudragupta "The Napolean of India".

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The game was also known as 'Parampadam' personifying a human's life span


Snakes and Ladders, a worldwide popular racing board game that we all have enjoyed playing at some point in our life. In today's version of the game there are a hundred squares on the board with an approximately equal number of snakes that bring you down, and ladders that take you up. The game is based on sheer luck, whoever rolls the dice and reaches the hundredth square first wins. However, the game has lost its meaning and purpose in time, originally, the game was meant to teach Hindu values, morals and ethics to children.

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Six centuries later Nalanda's decline, it was first discovered and reported by Sir Francis Buchanan.

Located near the town of Rajagriha and about 90 kilometres southeast of Pataliputra Nalanda was a renowned Buddhist monastery and university in ancient Magadha (Now Bihar). The university was established within the 5th Century AD during the Gupta empire era. It had been functional from about 427 to 1197 CE. It's been called "one of the primary great universities in recorded history. Few of the buildings under Nalanda University were built by the Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka the great which was recorded within the early developments of Buddhist learning. However, it was under the reign of Gupta Ruler Śakrāditya (also referred to as Kumāragupta) who reigned from 415-55 that the university finally flourished. The university complex occupies an area of 14 hectares.

Courses

The courses of Nalanda University were mainly dedicated to Buddhist and Hindu sacred and secular studies; nevertheless, it didn't stop the university to excel their students in foreign studies and philosophy, science, astronomy, logic and medicine. Later the scholars indulged in philosophy, metaphysics, Yoga-shastra, the Vedas, Samkhya and other scriptures of Buddhism. thanks to its reputation, vast choice of courses Nalanda attracted scholars from as distant as China, Greece, Persia, Korea, Tibet, Mongolia and various other Asian countries.

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