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Actor R. Madhavan lends his voice for the upcoming science documentary titled 'India's Space Odyssey' that captures the landmark endeavours achieved during India's space programme which helps understand the tough circumstances under which ISRO succeeded, a victory considered impossible by some around the world.
Talking about the show, Madhavan said, "Curiosity has brought humans to where we are today, and it will continue to do so. I thank Discovery India for this wonderful learning opportunity, and I feel honoured to have lent my voice to a project that could inspire future generations to embark on their quest to explore space".
Produced by Miditech Studios, 'India's Space Odyssey' features different experts from ISRO as well as space historians and researchers and most notably, the former Chairman of ISRO, Dr. G. Madhavan Nair.
The journey was commenced by Dr. Homi J. Bhabha and Dr. Vikram Sarabhai on India's quest to become a leader in space exploration and pioneering space technology.
"The Indian space programme since its inception has achieved significant feats, thanks to the contributions of all the people who have worked alongside the programme. We are delighted that a platform like Discovery has been taking these initiatives to the people in an attempt to encourage and inspire them," said Dr. K. Sivan, Chairman ISRO, Secretary DOS.
Using a combination of expert interviews, archive footage and graphic representations this special documentary captures the journey so far and further highlights India's most revolutionary space developments with the highly complex Chandraayan and Mangalyaan missions.
"We focus on exploring content that will give the audience an enriching and inspiring experience. We believe 'India's Space Odyssey' will delight Discovery fans and draw in all the space enthusiasts from across the country who are looking to satisfy their curiosity," said Sai Abhishek, Original Content Head, South Asia, Discovery Inc. IANS/JB
The documentary is premiering on October 7 on discovery+.
Keywords: Science, India, ISRO, Madhavan, Technology.
Well, the primary purpose of putting images of different monuments, animals, sites, temples, persons, etc. is to show the country's rich culture and biodiversity to the world. And so, images which are printed on the Indian currency have their own story and significance.
Let us now find out which Indian currency has which image printed on it!
One Rupee Note
A quick fact here is that One Rupee Note was first printed in India during World War I. Before this, silver coins of one rupee with a picture of George V was in circulation. But, due to World War I, the supply of silver coins got shortened, and hence the government printed started printing one rupee note from 30 November, 1917 onwards. It must be noted that only One Rupee Note is such note which is printed by the Ministry of Finance and not the Reserve Bank of India. The front side of One Rupee Note has an image of One Rupee Coin, and the reverse side of the note has an image of an oil exploration site.
Reverse side One Rupee Note. Photo by RBI.
Two Rupees Note
The Reserve Bank of India has stopped printing Two Rupees Note because of its high cost of printing, but the old notes are still legal in the market. Interestingly, the front side of Two Rupees Note has an image of the 'Ashoka Emblem', and the reverse side of the note has an image of India's first satellite, named "Aryabhatta". This note, in a way, shows India's progress in the field of science and technology.
Reverse side Two Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
Five Rupees Note
Again, due to the increasing cost of printing, the Reserve Bank of India has stopped printing Five Rupees Note, but already printed notes are still circulated in the market. The front side of Five Rupees Note has a picture of Mahatma Gandhi, and an image of a farmer ploughing the field is printed on the reverse side. This note shows the importance of agriculture in the Indian economy.
Reverse side of Five Rupees Note.Photo by Wikimedia Commons.
Ten Rupees Note
Interestingly, the cost of printing one Ten Rupees Note is around 96 paisa. The new Ten Rupees Note has two images on the front; one of the Ashoka's Emblem and the other of Mahatma Gandhi. On the reverse side of the note, images of the wheel at the Konark Sun Temple is printed along with the "Swaccha Bharat" or Clean India logo.
Reverse side of Ten Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
Twenty Rupees Note
The cost of printing one Twenty Rupees Note is almost equivalent to the cost of printing one Ten Rupees Note. The front side of the note has an image of Mahatma Gandhi and the Ashoka's Emblem, and the reverse side of the note has an image of Ellora caves.
Reverse side of Twenty Rupees Note.Photo by RBI
Fifty Rupees Note
The cost of new Fifty Rupees Note is around ₹1.81. Again, the front side of the note has an image of Mahatma Gandhi, Ashoka's Emblem, and the Indian Parliament. On the reverse side of the note, image of the Chariot of Hampi and logo of Swaccha Bharat is printed. Hampi is a UNESCO recognised World Heritage Site located in Karnataka.
Reverse side of Fifty Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
Hundred Rupees Note
Interestingly, the cost of printing one Hundred Rupees Note is ₹1.20. The front side of the note has an image of Mahatma Gandhi and the Ashoka's Emblem, while on the reverse side of the note, image of Rani ki Vav is printed. Rani ki Vav is a stepwell situated in the town of Patan in Gujarat, India. This place is also listed as one of the UNESCO's World Heritage Sites since the year 2014.
Reverse side of Hundred Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
Two Hundred Rupees Note
The cost of printing one Two Hundred Rupees Note is around ₹2.93. The front side of the note again has an image of Mahatma Gandhi and the Ashoka's Emblem, and the reverse side of the note has an image of the famous Stupa at Sanchi. Sanchi Stupa is an important monument of Indian Architecture. This Great Stupa was commissioned by the Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka the Great, in the 3rd century BCE. This place is, too, recognised as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Reverse side of Two Hundred Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
Five Hundred Rupees Note
The new cost of printing one Five Hundred Rupees Note is around ₹2.94. As usual, the front side has an image of Mahatma Gandhi and the Ashoka's Emblem, and on the reverse side of the note, image of the Red Fort and logo of Swaccha Bharat is printed.
Reverse side of Five Hundred Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
Two Thousand Rupees Note
It must be noted that this note is being printed for the first time in India. Moreover, due to advanced security features, the cost of printing of one Two Thousand Rupees Note is around ₹3.54. The front side, again, has an image of Mahatma Gandhi and the Ashoka's Emblem, and on the reverse side of the note, image of Mangalyaan, which was launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in the year 2013. In fact, this launch made India the first Asian nation to reach the Martian orbit, and the first ever nation in the world to do so on its maiden attempt. Along with the image of Mangalyaan, logo of Swaccha Bharat is also printed.
Reverse side of Two Thousand Rupees Note.Photo by RBI.
The Indian space agency is working on a fleet of medium to heavy lift rockets with a carrying capacity ranging from 4.9 ton to 16.3 ton, said a senior official. The five rockets are in the project report stage and would come into operation in the future, said N Sudheer Kumar, Director, Capacity Building Programme Office (CBPO), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). He was speaking at the International Space Conference and Exhibition, organised by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in virtual mode recently. When that happens ISRO can not only launch its own communication satellites but also enter the global communication satellite launch market.
Kumar also said ISRO is working on upgrading Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mk III (GSLV-Mk III) which can carry up to four ton to Geo Transfer Orbit (GTO). Normally rockets eject the communication satellites into GTO. From GTO the satellites will be taken to geostationary orbit by firing their engines. India uses Ariancespace's Ariane rocket to orbit its communication satellites weighing over four ton. According to Kumar, ISRO is also working on upgrading the lifting capacity of GSLV-Mk III to six ton and 7.5 to GTO.
The Indian space agency is working on a fleet of medium to heavy lift rockets with a carrying capacity ranging from 4.9 ton to 16.3 ton, said a senior official. | Photo by Laurent Grattepanche on Unsplash
He said the six ton lift capacity will be achieved by miniaturization of avionics, uprating of its three stages/engines, structural mass optimisation and other means. Kumar said ISRO is on the verge of realising its semi-cryogenic engine - engine fueled by pure kerosene- which will soon power GSLV-Mk III so that the rocket can carry 7.5 ton payload to GTO with an upgraded cryogenic engine. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: ISRO, heavy, ton, rockets, GSLV, fleet, India
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the Government of India's space research organization. The company's headquarters are in Bangalore which is also known as the 'IT Capital of India'. ISRO replaced INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research), its precursor founded by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, and Vikram Sarabhai, a scholar who was regarded as the founding parents of India's space program.
ISRO was founded in 1969 and is tasked with exploring, developing and using space technology for national development, and also engaging in planetary exploration and space research. It is one of the top six space organizations worldwide in which diverse scientists and technical professionals from different disciplines collaborate for future space missions. ISRO has had over 100 successful space missions. By proving its innovative and cost-effective technology effectively, ISRO has earned a position among the world's top space organizations throughout the years. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has integrated space service for the benefit of the general public and the country.
ISRO is also responsible for the upkeep of one of the world's biggest fleets of communication satellites and remote sensing satellites, managed by the Indian Space Research Organization. They provide the functions of rapid and dependable communication as well as Earth monitoring and exploration.
ISRO's first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975. Additionally, 1980 was a significant year for ISRO since it saw the launch of the Rohini satellite. Additionally, SLV-3 was used to put Rohini in orbit successfully. ISRO used an indigenously developed cryogenic engine for GSLV-D5 in January 2014. Additionally, this was the day of the launch of the GSAT-14 satellite. Notably, India became one of only six nations to develop cryogenic technology as a result of this. Apart from technical skills, ISRO has made significant contributions to science.
ISRO's first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975. Wikimedia
Additionally, ISRO oversees its own lunar and interplanetary missions. Furthermore, ISRO oversees several specialized programs promoting science education and providing data to the scientific community. ISRO has developed two rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). Additionally, on October 22, 2008, ISRO launched Chandrayaan-1, a lunar spacecraft, which made the remarkable finding of lunar water in the form of ice.
After Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 was the second lunar exploration mission launched by the Indian space agency. wikimedia
The Mars Orbiter Mission, established by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on November 5, 2013, successfully entered the orbit of Mars on September 24, 2014, marking India's first successful mission to the Red Planet. After Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 was the second lunar exploration mission launched by the Indian space agency.
The spacecraft started on its moon mission at 9:13:12 UTC on 22 July 2019. On 20 August 2019, the ship entered the Moon's orbit and started to orbit man oeuvre to touchdown the Vikram lander. On 6 September 2019, the lander and rover were planned to touchdown near the Moon and perform scientific experimentation for around one lunar day, almost two weeks on Earth.
After Luna 9 (Soviet Union), Surveyor 1 (USA) and Chang'e 3 (China) a successful Soft Landing would make India the fourth nation to be able to do it. The lander collapsed however, when on 6 September 2019 it strayed from its planned course. The accident was caused by a software malfunction, according to a report filed to ISRO. ISRO may re-attempt the Chandrayaan-3 landing in 2022.
Satish Dhawan Space Center of India, Shri Hari Kota, Andhra Pradesh. Wikimedia
There is no question that ISRO is really India's pride. In addition, it has strengthened India's image as a country of scientific thinking and progress in the globe. ISRO will hopefully continue in the future with its noble goal of space and technology exploration.
Keywords: ISRO, achievements, history, india, aryabhata, chandrayaan
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