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Jind Kaur Aulakh was born in Gujranwala in the year 1817. She was the youngest child of Manna Singh Aulakh, who was a supervisor of the Royal Kennel. Jind was a very beautiful and at the same time, intelligent woman. In fact, her intelligence impressed Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and he ended up marrying Jind in the year 1835. It must be noted that Maharani Jind Kaur was the last wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and she gave birth to their son Duleep Singh in 1838.
In the year, 1839 Maharaja Ranjit Singh died. After five years after his death, Duleep Singh was given the responsibility of the throne and kingdom. But, as Duleep was very young to understand the power of a throne, Maharani Jindan Kaur took this responsibility. It was then when she single-handedly operated the Kingdom her intelligence. In fact, during her reign, she even introduced some remarkable changes in the Revenue System.
Soon, when the British rule in India started, they announced an Anglo-Sikh war against the Sikh empire in the year 1845. Here, the British played a trick. They imprisoned Maharani Jindan Kaur after their victory and still considered Duleep as a ruler. In fact, the British even tried to defame Jindan by calling her a “prostitute". Even, they used to call the Maharani as “Messalina of Punjab" and referring her as the third wife of Roman Emperor Claudius who was promiscuous.
Jindan was of a strong mindset, and so she believed that if everyone becomes one, Indian rulers could oust the British. For the very same reason, she was in touch with Bhai Maharaj Singh, who tried to rebel against the British after the annexation of the Sikh empire.
Surprisingly, according to William Dalrymple and Anita Anand, Jindan break through the prison on April 19, 1849, from Chunnar Fort in Uttar Pradesh. The renowned authors said that “the Maharani dressed in beggars' rags and fled under cover of darkness, taunting her British captors as she went. Also, she scrawled a note for the guards to find: You put me in a cage and locked me up. For all your locks and your sentries, I got out by magic… I had told you plainly not to push me too hard – but don't think I ran away. Understand well, that I escape by myself unaided… don't imagine I got out like a thief.''
After escaping, Jindan went to Kathmandu on April 29, 1849, where she was given asylum by Jung Bahadur, the prime minister. But, even then she continued to reach out to rebels in Punjab and Jammu-Kashmir. Even her letters trying to contact rebels detained in Allahabad fort were intercepted by the British government. And, the British asked the Nepal prime minister to rein her in, but nothing of that sort happened.
Then, in April 1861, Jindan met her son, Duleep Singh at Calcutta, who at that time converted to Christianity. But, because of her influence, returned back to Sikhism. Also, the British by this time ordered that she must leave for London by May.
After long years of exile, the Maharani passed away in her sleep on August 1, 1863. Maharani Jindan Kaur was buried in west London as at that time, cremation was illegal in Britain.
Keywords: Punjab, Jindan Kaur, British, Colonialism, India, London.
At 3:00 PM, 28th September 2021 Navjot Singh Sidhu posted his resignation letter addressing Sonia Gandhi, interim President of Indian National Congress on his Twitter handle. He said that he'll step down from his post but he'll continue to serve congress. Throwing the party into chaos right before few months of the Assembly elections. Sidhu was appointed as PCC chief on July 19th and he resigned minutes after the portfolios to ministers within the new government headed by Charanjit Singh Channi were allocated. A minister and three Congress leaders, Razia Sultana, general secretary Yoginder Dhingra and treasurer Gulzar Inder Singh Chahal, also stepped down from their posts in Sidhu's support.
In his letter, he said, "The collapse of a man's character stems from the compromise corner, I can never compromise on Punjab's future and the agenda for the welfare of Punjab. Therefore, I hereby resign as the president of the Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee. Will continue to serve the Congress".
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Sidhu's resignation as the PCC chief came merely 10 days after Captain Amarinder Singh stepped down as the chief minister of Punjab. Sidhu and Captain were involved in a prestige battle with each other for months. Shortly after Navjot Singh Sidhu resigned as Punjab Congress chief, former chief minister Amarinder Singh took the chance and tweeted "I told you so... he is not a stable man and not fit for the border state of Punjab".
A day after Sidhu's resignation Punjab Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi held a state cabinet meeting. Addressing the issue of Navjot Singh Sidhu's resignation from the post of chief of PCC Raj Kumar Verka said, "Sidhu should be with the Congress party and work together. We will resolve the matter within the cabinet meeting today." Adding to Verka's statement Randeep Nabha said, "We weren't aware of Sidhu's resignation and don't know why he resigned from the post. If party selects new chief then we'll accept it."
Sidhu released a video addressing Punjab Politics on his Twitter handle. Twitter/sherryontopp
On 29th September 2021, a day after giving in his resignation at 10:48 AM Sidhu released a video addressing Punjab Politics on his Twitter handle. In the video, Sidhu criticizes the appointment of tainted MLAs into the cabinet of chief minister Charanjit Singh Channi and other controversial appointments. He said, "I can't compromise with my ethics, moral authority. What I witness is a compromise with issues, agenda in Punjab. I can't disguise high command nor can I let them be disguised. I don't have any personal rivalry with anyone; 17 years of my political career has been for a purpose, to make difference, to take a stand and to make people's lives better. This is my only religion"
The sudden resignation came as a shock to the Gandhis, who together orchestrated Sidhu's appointment as part of an effort to end factionalism in Punjab Congress and improve the party's chances in next year's state elections. The Congress leaders have not accepted Sidhu's resignation and are making efforts to persuade him to take back his resignation.
A total of 43.8 per cent respondents in the ABP-CVOTER-IANS BATTLE FOR THE STATES - WAVE 1 survey feel that their 'life and the country both are in a poor state'. The survey was conducted in the five states that will go to the polls next year -- Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur.
The survey found that overall, 13.3 per cent said the 'country is moving forward but not my life', 29.3 per cent said the 'country is moving forward and my life too', while 5 per cent said that 'life is improving but the country is in poor state'. In the 'country is moving forward but not my life' category, 23.3 per cent respondents are from Manipur, followed by 11.2 per cent from UP, 11.1 per cent from Uttarakhand, 7 per cent from Goa and 2.8 per cent from Punjab.
The survey found that overall, 13.3 per cent said the 'country is moving forward but not my life' Photo by Ayaneshu Bhardwaj on Unsplash
In the 'country is moving forward and my life too' section, Goa tops with 40.5 per cent, followed by Uttarakhand at 36.8 per cent, UP at 31.4 per cent, Manipur at 27.2 per cent and Punjab at 10.5 per cent. In the 'my life is improving but the country is in poor state' category, 11.8 per cent respondents are from Manipur, 8 per cent from Punjab, 6.3 per cent from Uttarakhand, 4.1 per cent from UP, and 2 per cent from Goa.
In the 'my life and country both are in a poor state' section, Punjab has highest number of respondents at 75 per cent, followed by 49.6 per cent in UP, 44.5 per cent in Goa, 43.9 per cent in Uttarakhand and 33.3 per cent in Manipur. The overall sample size for the survey was 81,006 in five states covering 690 Assembly seats. This state poll is part of the largest and definitive independent sample survey tracker series carried out in India over the last 22 years, conducted by independent international polling agency CVoter. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: India, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa, Manipur
Historical tunnel-like structures were unearthed while excavating the basement of a building in the complex of the holiest of Sikh shrines Harmandir Sahib, popularly known as the Golden Temple, in Amritsar, officials said on Friday.
Several Sikh bodies have been demanding the construction at the site be stopped and authorities should focus on restoring the structures as the brick-lined structures hold religious significance.
The tunnel-like structures made of small bricks, believed to be used centuries ago, were found at a depth of 25 feet during the construction of a 'Jora ghar' (shoe rack) on Thursday.
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The former head of Guru Ramdas School of Planning of Guru Nanak Dev University Balvinder Singh said the tunnel might be linked to the summer palace in Rambagh where Maharaja Ranjit Singh used to stay during his visit to Amritsar.
"It could have a link with Akhara Sangal Wala, but the tunnel needs to be studied keeping in mind its historical relevance," he said.
Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) president Bibi Jagir Kaur said the excavated structures have historical value and Deputy Commissioner Gurpreet Singh Khaira has called a team of the Archaeological Department to visit the site.
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"Even the SGPC will get the structure examined by historians and if needed they will be preserved," she added.
The SGPC, which has control over Sikh religious affairs, manages gurdwaras in Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh, including the Golden Temple. (IANS/KB)