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Portrait of Jindan Kaur, the last queen of the Sikh empire

Jind Kaur Aulakh was born in Gujranwala in the year 1817. She was the youngest child of Manna Singh Aulakh, who was a supervisor of the Royal Kennel. Jind was a very beautiful and at the same time, intelligent woman. In fact, her intelligence impressed Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and he ended up marrying Jind in the year 1835. It must be noted that Maharani Jind Kaur was the last wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and she gave birth to their son Duleep Singh in 1838.

In the year, 1839 Maharaja Ranjit Singh died. After five years after his death, Duleep Singh was given the responsibility of the throne and kingdom. But, as Duleep was very young to understand the power of a throne, Maharani Jindan Kaur took this responsibility. It was then when she single-handedly operated the Kingdom her intelligence. In fact, during her reign, she even introduced some remarkable changes in the Revenue System.

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Navjot Singh Sidhu posted his resignation letter on his Twitter handle.

At 3:00 PM, 28th September 2021 Navjot Singh Sidhu posted his resignation letter addressing Sonia Gandhi, interim President of Indian National Congress on his Twitter handle. He said that he'll step down from his post but he'll continue to serve congress. Throwing the party into chaos right before few months of the Assembly elections. Sidhu was appointed as PCC chief on July 19th and he resigned minutes after the portfolios to ministers within the new government headed by Charanjit Singh Channi were allocated. A minister and three Congress leaders, Razia Sultana, general secretary Yoginder Dhingra and treasurer Gulzar Inder Singh Chahal, also stepped down from their posts in Sidhu's support.

In his letter, he said, "The collapse of a man's character stems from the compromise corner, I can never compromise on Punjab's future and the agenda for the welfare of Punjab. Therefore, I hereby resign as the president of the Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee. Will continue to serve the Congress".

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The survey was conducted in the five states that will go to the polls next year -- Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur.

A total of 43.8 per cent respondents in the ABP-CVOTER-IANS BATTLE FOR THE STATES - WAVE 1 survey feel that their 'life and the country both are in a poor state'. The survey was conducted in the five states that will go to the polls next year -- Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur.

The survey found that overall, 13.3 per cent said the 'country is moving forward but not my life', 29.3 per cent said the 'country is moving forward and my life too', while 5 per cent said that 'life is improving but the country is in poor state'. In the 'country is moving forward but not my life' category, 23.3 per cent respondents are from Manipur, followed by 11.2 per cent from UP, 11.1 per cent from Uttarakhand, 7 per cent from Goa and 2.8 per cent from Punjab.

person holding 500 rupees The survey found that overall, 13.3 per cent said the 'country is moving forward but not my life' Photo by Ayaneshu Bhardwaj on Unsplash

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The holiest of Sikh shrines Harmandir Sahib is popularly known as the Golden Temple.

Historical tunnel-like structures were unearthed while excavating the basement of a building in the complex of the holiest of Sikh shrines Harmandir Sahib, popularly known as the Golden Temple, in Amritsar, officials said on Friday.

Several Sikh bodies have been demanding the construction at the site be stopped and authorities should focus on restoring the structures as the brick-lined structures hold religious significance.

The tunnel-like structures made of small bricks, believed to be used centuries ago, were found at a depth of 25 feet during the construction of a 'Jora ghar' (shoe rack) on Thursday.

ALSO READ: Golden Temple: World’s Largest Community Kitchen

The former head of Guru Ramdas School of Planning of Guru Nanak Dev University Balvinder Singh said the tunnel might be linked to the summer palace in Rambagh where Maharaja Ranjit Singh used to stay during his visit to Amritsar.

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