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Indian railway has been serving the country since 1853 without taking breaking, providing the utmost service to people. 168 years later Indian railway has emerged as one of the largest employers for the people with over 14 lakhs employees it has earned the place of the eighth biggest employer of the world.
The first Indian Railways passenger train operated by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway was flagged from Bori Bunder Bombay to Thane covering a distance of 34 kilometers on April 16th, 1853. The 14-carriage train started from now Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal hauling by three steam locomotive- Sindh, Sahib, and Sultan with 400 passengers on boards.
The Indian Railways in India are the largest rail web in Asia and the world's second-largest under one management. The Railway network has held the nation with a population of one billion people together as the lifeline of the nation.
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East India Company laid down the foundation of the Indian Railway
Great Britain was faced with the major cotton crop failure in 1846 in America, which caused the textile merchants at Manchester and Glasgow to seek alternatives in the markets. This crisis brought their attention to the cotton crop produced in India. But the crop was produced in various parts of the sub-continent. With no transportation that could quickly meet the demands in the market British introduced railways in India and laid down the first track in the country.
Britishers felt that with the introduction of a railway in the country organizing and dispersing the growing native population, faster deployment of troops would be better handled by a railway. A few years later in 1845 under the guidance of George T. Clarke, a strong lobby in Bombay supporting railway communication formed a body called the Bombay Great Eastern Railway. Even though this help with the momentum of the project people who were familiar with India's topography and geography, opposed the construction of railways as a "premature and expensive undertaking" and a "hazardous and "dangerous venture".
As of August 1, 1849, the Act to incorporate the Great Indian Peninsula Railway came into beingWikimedia commons
As of August 1, 1849, the Act to incorporate the Great Indian Peninsula Railway came into being. The railway line was referred to as an "Experimental line of Railway" throughout the contract. The construction of railways began and the Bombay railway line was finally ready by November 1852 but it was not until April 16, 1853, that, the first train in India officially was flagged out of the station. The Bombay government declared the day as a public holiday.
ALSO READ: Facts about Indian Railways you can't miss
Since then, there has been no looking back. Indian railway expanded in all directions north, south, east, and west. By the end of 1850, Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras had signed agreements to prepare trial lines to run inland. Today, the Indian Railways manages the track more than 120,000 km of the country.
Keywords: Railways, India, East India Company, Indian Railway, Railway's history, First Indian train
Golden Chariot is a luxury train that runs in most parts of South India, as part of Karnataka Tourism. Originally dubbed 'Palace on Wheels', this venture began when an MoU was signed between the state tourism department and the Indian Railways.
This luxury train service began officially, in 2008. It took 900 layouts to design, and 200 carpenters working on the cabins. It currently has 44 cabins in 11 coaches, which are themed after the 11 dynasties of Karnataka, namely Hoysala, Kadamba, Rashtrakuta, Ganga, Chalukya, Bahamani, Adil Shahi, Sangama, Satavahana, Yadukula, and Vijayanagara.
The Golden Chariot was awarded Asia's Leading Luxury Train at the World Travel Awards Image source: wikimedia commons
The train is painted golden and purple, with the emblem of an elephant-headed lion, which is a mythical animal. The colours signify the elegance and golden jubilee of the state of Karnataka. It is named after the historical Stone Chariot in Hampi. It was inaugurated with a ceremonial flag given by President Prathiba Patil on its maiden voyage from Bangalore to Goa.
The train has all the facilities a five-star ambiance would have. There is live television, wi-fi, USB enables devices, spas, gyms, and air conditioning. The hospitality services are handled by Mapple Group, which runs a hotel and resorts chain.The voyage covers parts of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Goa. It lasts for two weeks on a fixed itinerary
The voyage covers parts of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Goa. It lasts for two weeks on a fixed itinerary. Image source: wikimedia commons
The voyage covers parts of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Goa. It lasts for two weeks on a fixed itinerary. Jewels of the South, Pride of Karnataka, and Glimpses of Karnataka are the three sub-journey packages available. Once on the train, South India becomes accessible through world class amenities which offer the best possible travel experience. The Golden Chariot usually arrives and departs from Yeshwanthpur Railway Station in Bengaluru.
Keywords: Golden Chariot, Karnataka Tourism, Train, Luxury
Keeping in view safety of the women passengers in trains, the Indian Railways on Saturday said it has issued guidelines to all zonal railways to prevent crime against women in trains and railway premises.
A railway ministry spokesperson said that about 23 million passengers travel through the Indian Railways every day out of which 20 per cent are women. He said that in the recent past, incidents of crime against women in trains and railway premises has been a big area of concern.
The official said that the railways has decided to take some measures to strive for safety of women passengers and to mitigate atrocities against women in railways. The spokesperson said that the national transporter has issued guidelines to all zonal railways and production units to prevent incidents of crime against women in trains and in railway premises.
He said that the railways action plan includes short-term as well as long-term measures. Short-term plans should be implemented immediately from existing resources on priority without delay. These may include keeping a watch on suspects, regular visits to vulnerable spots by duty officers and staff during their rounds.
Discussing the preventive measures to ensure safety of women, he said that proper lighting arrangements should be ensured covering all vulnerable places identified in railway stations, circulating area, parking, foot over bridges (FOBs), approach roads, ends of platforms, yards, washing lines, DEMU / EMU car sheds, saloon sidings, maintenance depots, etc.
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The railways preventive plan also focuses on the abandoned structures in platforms or yards, abandoned quarters, buildings at isolated places which remain unguarded or unattended. He said that such structures should be demolished immediately in consultation with the engineering department.
“Till the time of their demolition, they should be regularly checked as part of the beat of on duty staff especially during night time or period when the presence of people is minimal,” the official said. The spokesperson said that the unauthorised entries and exits should also be closed, and yards or pits or nearby railway area of stations must be kept clean of unwanted vegetation which may provide cover for concealment.
The railways plan also focuses on waiting rooms. The plans says these must not remain unattended and persons should be allowed to enter the waiting rooms after proper entry, particularly in nights and at times when there is minimum presence of passengers. It should be cross checked by the duty officer at odd hours.
He said that no staff without identity cards should be allowed in trains and railway premises. The prevention plan also discusses barring the entry of people without proper identity cards in the yards and coaching depots.
To keep tabs on people watching porn through free WiFi internet services being provided by railways in the station premises , the official said that railway employees must communicate with service providers to stop this. The official said that the cases of crime against women must be followed up till their logical conclusion.
The official also said that to control incidents of eve-teasing, the GRP and RPF officials must promptly take necessary action on receiving complaints regarding any type of crime against women. The official said that the CCTV surveillance system should be used effectively and time to time audit of the cameras installed and the area covered by them should be done. (IANS/KR)
Union Railway Minister Piyush Goyal on Tuesday launched the Indian Railways freight business development portal and said that it is among the best in the world and will be an important element towards ease of doing business.
Goyal launched the new portal virtually.
Speaking on the occasion, Goyal, who is also the Minister for Commerce and Industry and Food and Consumer Affairs said, “Freight Business Development portal will be an important element towards ease of doing business. This portal would help our customers to know the status of their freight requirement, the priority in which wagons and rakes will be available.”
He said that the national transporter has launched a number of new initiatives during the last nine months, converting the Covid crisis into an opportunity.
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“This Railway freight portal is among the best in the world,” he said, adding that the new portal will prove to be a game-changer in the way railways serve freight customers.
Highlighting the freight loading in this financial year, Goyal said, “Till January 4, the Indian Railways has loaded 98 percent of the freight goods loaded up to January 4, 2020. I have no doubt that in the next 45 days, we shall be on par with last year and close the year with positive growth.”
He further said that railways now have business development units across the country, in every single division, which is pro-actively approaching customers.
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He also said that the new portal will help the freight customers to find the most suitable terminal, to look at the most suitable wagon design for their commodities, payments can be made digitally. “Everything will be transparent and system-driven,” he said.
According to railway ministry officials, the new freight portal is the first-of-its-kind dedicated platform to ensure all operations, reduce the costs for logistics providers, provide an online tracking facility for suppliers and also simplify the process of goods transportation. Freight Business Development Portal is a ‘One Stop-Single Window’ solution for all the needs of freight customers.
Goyal also hailed the role of the Indian Railways during the nationwide lockdown and said that Indian Railways is like an invisible thread that connects the length and breadth of India.
Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: मध्यप्रदेश में विकास की योजनाओं का यूनिक रोड मैप
“During the pandemic, we saw the importance of the railway network which came to the service of the people and businessmen. Indian Railways demonstrated true grit and determination to serve the nation during the pandemic,” he said.
He said that railways did not stop serving our powerhouses for coal, our people for adequate availability of essential supplies and foodgrains, and our farmers for fertilizers and seeds.
“I say this with a great deal of pride that there was not a single incidence wherein a Railway official or any Railway employee refused to perform their services,” the minister said.
He further said that after the lockdown was lifted, Railways also revamped services both for passengers and freight. “During the lockdown, we served our migrant laborers through Shramik specials, we continued to expand our freight services and almost doubled the speed of freight trains,” he said.
“During the lockdown when the fear of the spread of coronavirus was at the highest, we served our migrant laborers through the running of over 4,600 Shramik specials to take the migrants to their homes,” he added. (IANS)