Wednesday December 19, 2018

Ten Bizarre Mental Disorders that will make you bite your nails

Mental health conditions are just as real as the physical ones and people with several mental disorders are at special risk

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Scared. Image source: Huffingtonpost.com
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Study of human brain is no piece of cake but it is definitely a field to explore. Mind is like book which contains things many of us don’t even know. One small problem in brain can lead to many problems and even to a disorder. It’s a wonder to study about brain and its effect on the body .

10 bizarre and interesting medical conditions that will leave you surprised and amused-

(i)                                             Alien Hand Syndrome

Image Source: realclear.com Patients who alien hand syndrome usually find their hand reach, grab and hold onto something without the knowledge of the person. This action occurs due to activation parts in brain that control voluntary movement.  For example, 35 year old man who suffered from always grabbed the hand/arm of person next him.

(ii)                                                    Autophagia

Image Source: flickr.com
Image Source: flickr.com

Autophagia is a impulse control disorder in which a person is compelled inflicts pain on themselves by biting, chewing, scratching, cutting or even devouring any part of the body. The person who have autophagia become possessed and does not control over it; they can’t even resist as it is associated with the psychosis.

 

(iii)                                                     Synesthesia

Image Source: synesthesiaworld.com
Image Source: synesthesiaworld.com

Synesthesia is considered to one of the rare neurological condition  in which a patients senses get entwined. This cause a person to associate number and letter, days and month,emotion and senses with colours and taste. For example if a patient listens to word cinema he/she will get a taste in their tongue. Like if some said car then the patient could taste lemon tea.

(iv)                                                  Apotemnophilia

Image Source: markryan mayo.wordpress.com
Image courtesy: markryan
mayo.wordpress.com

Apotemnophilia is associated with the Body intergrity Disorder. In this type of disorder usually rational person express every strong and specific desire for amputation of the limb or limbs. Some even seek s surgeons to perform an amputation or purposefully injure a limb in order to force emergency medical amputation.

(v)                                        Walking Corpse Syndrome

Image Source: news.com.au
Image Source: news.com.au

WCS (Walking Corpse Syndrome) is another rare condition in which a person affected think that a part of the body or they themselves does not exists. Walking corps Syndrome is also known as Cotard Delusion. Mostly in these type of cases about 55% of the diagnosed patients in a 100 feel that they were immortal.

 

(vi)                                                   Coprolalia

Image Source: muyintersante.es
Image Source: muyintersante.es

Coprolalia is not that serious condition when compared to others on this list. People who from coprolalia tend to do involuntary swearing or the involuntary utterance of obscene words or socially inappropriate and derogatory remarks. It is a neurological disorder which makes say these offensive and derogatory words which are not necessarily their thoughts and opinions.

 

(vii)                                            Stendhal Syndrome

Image Source: drodd.com
Image Source: drodd.com

Stendhal syndrome is a type of psychosomatic disorder. People who suffer from this tend to have rapid heartbeat, fainting, dizziness, and hallucination when they exposed to a over whelming personal significance. It is also known as the Florence syndrome and is used to describe a same reaction when exposed to immense beauty in natural world.

(viii)                                          Clinical Lycanthropy

Image source: think-aboutit.com
Image source: think-aboutit.com

It is a rare psychiatric syndrome where a person affected has delution that they can transform into or has transformed into or is animal. The name of this syndrome is associated with mythical condition of lycanthropy, in which it is said that human can physically change into wolves.

 

(ix)                                            Stockholm syndrome

Image Source: in.bookmyshow.com
Image Source: in.bookmyshow.com

Stockholm Syndrome is type of psychological phenomenon where the hostage shows empaths , affection and positive feelings towards the kidnapper sometimes to the point where they to defend the kidnapper. It also be seen as bonding where it does require hostage situation but which describes strong emotional ties that develop between two persons where one person intermittently harasses, beats, threatens, abuses, or intimidates the other. In Highway Bollywood movie Alia bhat suffers from Stockholm syndrome.

 

(x)                                              Alice in wonderland

Image source : brainblogger.com
Image source : brainblogger.com

It is a neurological condition in which a patient feel severe migraine headache, causing them see and perceive objects as greatly out of proportion. Patients also suffer from altered sense of touch and time. This happens because of abnormal amounts of electrical activity causing abnormal blood flow in the parts of the brain that process visual perception and texture. This syndrome is named after the classic novel by Lewis Carroll.

-by Bhaskar Raghavendran

Bhaskar is a graduate in Journalism and mass communication and a reporter at NewsGram. Twitter handle: bhaskar_ragha

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  • Vrushali Mahajan

    This study is a true nail biting one. Getting to know more about such disorders would be interesting!

  • devika todi

    mind is such an intriguing topic. it is always interesting to know more about it.

Next Story

The Risk of FGM Hangs Above British Schoolgirls During Holiday Break

Ending FGM requires multiple entry points (and) enabling families and communities to be proactive in ending the practice of FGM is ultimately the most effective channel

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Female Genital Mutilation, FGM, judge
A badge reads "The power of labor against FGM" is seen on a volunteer during a conference on International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Cairo, Egypt, Feb. 6, 2018. (VOA)

As many families prepare to holiday abroad during the festive season, British charities on Monday warned that girls taken overseas could be at risk of female genital mutilation(FGM)

Known as FGM, female genital mutilation is a ritual that usually involves the partial or total removal of the external genitalia, including the clitoris. Some girls bleed to death or die from infections.

Cutting affects an estimated 200 million girls worldwide and is a rite of passage in many societies, often with the aim of promoting chastity, with the highest prevalence in Africa and parts of the Middle East.

An estimated 137,000 women and girls in England and Wales have undergone FGM. Many cases go unnoticed because they had happened at a young age and abroad, campaigners say. Campaigners say teachers should look out for warning signs, such as when a child is taken abroad for a long time to a country where there is a high prevalence of female genital mutilation.

FGM
– A doctor checks her phone as she poses for a photograph in Mumbai, India, June 8, 2016. The 50-year-old woman defends what is widely considered female genital mutilation within her small, prosperous Dawoodi Bohra community in India. VOA

“The best way of preventing the practice is by working with girls and their families … and training professionals like teachers and social workers to spot girls at risk of FGM,” said Leethen Bartholomew, head of Britain’s National FGM Center.

Some warning signs that a girl might have been cut include difficulty walking or sitting down, spending a long time in the toilet or becoming withdrawn, said the Center, run by children’s charity Barnardo’s and the Local Government Association.

FGM has been a criminal offense in Britain since 1985. Legislation in 2003 made it illegal for British citizens to carry out or procure female genital mutilation abroad, even in countries where it is legal.

In 2015, it became mandatory for health professionals, social workers and teachers in Britain to report known cases of FGM to police.

FGM
FILE – A T-shirt warns against female genital mutilation. Its wearer attends an event, discouraging harmful practices such as FGM, at a girls high school in Imbirikani, Kenya, April 21, 2016. VOA

The practice mostly affects immigrant communities from various countries including Somalia, Sierra Leone, Eritrea, Sudan, Nigeria and Egypt.

British-based charity Forward, which supports FGM survivors from African communities, said though teachers have a crucial role to play, they should not stigmatize certain communities.

“While teachers need to be alert at all times about safeguarding children in their care, we also need to ensure that some communities are not unduly targeted and stigmatized,” said Naana Otoo-Oyortey, executive director of FORWARD.

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