Monday October 22, 2018

Ten Bizarre Mental Disorders that will make you bite your nails

Mental health conditions are just as real as the physical ones and people with several mental disorders are at special risk

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Scared. Image source: Huffingtonpost.com
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Study of human brain is no piece of cake but it is definitely a field to explore. Mind is like book which contains things many of us don’t even know. One small problem in brain can lead to many problems and even to a disorder. It’s a wonder to study about brain and its effect on the body .

10 bizarre and interesting medical conditions that will leave you surprised and amused-

(i)                                             Alien Hand Syndrome

Image Source: realclear.com Patients who alien hand syndrome usually find their hand reach, grab and hold onto something without the knowledge of the person. This action occurs due to activation parts in brain that control voluntary movement.  For example, 35 year old man who suffered from always grabbed the hand/arm of person next him.

(ii)                                                    Autophagia

Image Source: flickr.com
Image Source: flickr.com

Autophagia is a impulse control disorder in which a person is compelled inflicts pain on themselves by biting, chewing, scratching, cutting or even devouring any part of the body. The person who have autophagia become possessed and does not control over it; they can’t even resist as it is associated with the psychosis.

 

(iii)                                                     Synesthesia

Image Source: synesthesiaworld.com
Image Source: synesthesiaworld.com

Synesthesia is considered to one of the rare neurological condition  in which a patients senses get entwined. This cause a person to associate number and letter, days and month,emotion and senses with colours and taste. For example if a patient listens to word cinema he/she will get a taste in their tongue. Like if some said car then the patient could taste lemon tea.

(iv)                                                  Apotemnophilia

Image Source: markryan mayo.wordpress.com
Image courtesy: markryan
mayo.wordpress.com

Apotemnophilia is associated with the Body intergrity Disorder. In this type of disorder usually rational person express every strong and specific desire for amputation of the limb or limbs. Some even seek s surgeons to perform an amputation or purposefully injure a limb in order to force emergency medical amputation.

(v)                                        Walking Corpse Syndrome

Image Source: news.com.au
Image Source: news.com.au

WCS (Walking Corpse Syndrome) is another rare condition in which a person affected think that a part of the body or they themselves does not exists. Walking corps Syndrome is also known as Cotard Delusion. Mostly in these type of cases about 55% of the diagnosed patients in a 100 feel that they were immortal.

 

(vi)                                                   Coprolalia

Image Source: muyintersante.es
Image Source: muyintersante.es

Coprolalia is not that serious condition when compared to others on this list. People who from coprolalia tend to do involuntary swearing or the involuntary utterance of obscene words or socially inappropriate and derogatory remarks. It is a neurological disorder which makes say these offensive and derogatory words which are not necessarily their thoughts and opinions.

 

(vii)                                            Stendhal Syndrome

Image Source: drodd.com
Image Source: drodd.com

Stendhal syndrome is a type of psychosomatic disorder. People who suffer from this tend to have rapid heartbeat, fainting, dizziness, and hallucination when they exposed to a over whelming personal significance. It is also known as the Florence syndrome and is used to describe a same reaction when exposed to immense beauty in natural world.

(viii)                                          Clinical Lycanthropy

Image source: think-aboutit.com
Image source: think-aboutit.com

It is a rare psychiatric syndrome where a person affected has delution that they can transform into or has transformed into or is animal. The name of this syndrome is associated with mythical condition of lycanthropy, in which it is said that human can physically change into wolves.

 

(ix)                                            Stockholm syndrome

Image Source: in.bookmyshow.com
Image Source: in.bookmyshow.com

Stockholm Syndrome is type of psychological phenomenon where the hostage shows empaths , affection and positive feelings towards the kidnapper sometimes to the point where they to defend the kidnapper. It also be seen as bonding where it does require hostage situation but which describes strong emotional ties that develop between two persons where one person intermittently harasses, beats, threatens, abuses, or intimidates the other. In Highway Bollywood movie Alia bhat suffers from Stockholm syndrome.

 

(x)                                              Alice in wonderland

Image source : brainblogger.com
Image source : brainblogger.com

It is a neurological condition in which a patient feel severe migraine headache, causing them see and perceive objects as greatly out of proportion. Patients also suffer from altered sense of touch and time. This happens because of abnormal amounts of electrical activity causing abnormal blood flow in the parts of the brain that process visual perception and texture. This syndrome is named after the classic novel by Lewis Carroll.

-by Bhaskar Raghavendran

Bhaskar is a graduate in Journalism and mass communication and a reporter at NewsGram. Twitter handle: bhaskar_ragha

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  • Vrushali Mahajan

    This study is a true nail biting one. Getting to know more about such disorders would be interesting!

  • devika todi

    mind is such an intriguing topic. it is always interesting to know more about it.

Next Story

Immunotherapy Drugs Show Significant Improvement Against Breast Cancer: Study

Side effects need a close look, both doctors said. Nearly all study participants had typical chemo side effects such as nausea or low blood cell counts.

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Breast Cancer
This undated fluorescence-colored microscope image made available by the National Institutes of Health in September 2016 shows a culture of human breast cancer cells. For the first time, one of the new immunotherapy drugs has shown promise against breast cancer in a large study that combined it with chemotherapy to treat an aggressive form of the disease. VOA

For the first time, one of the new immunotherapy drugs has shown promise against breast cancer in a large study that combined it with chemotherapy to treat an aggressive form of the disease. But the benefit for most women was small, raising questions about whether the treatment is worth its high cost and side effects.

Results were discussed Saturday at a cancer conference in Munich and published by the New England Journal of Medicine.

Drugs called checkpoint inhibitors have transformed treatment of many types of cancer by removing a chemical brake that keeps the immune system from killing tumor cells. Their discovery recently earned scientists a Nobel Prize. Until now, though, they haven’t proved valuable against breast cancer.

Breast Cancer
Weight loss may lower breast cancer risk for post-menopausal women. Pixabay

In the study

The new study tested one from Roche called Tecentriq plus chemo versus chemo alone in 902 women with advanced triple-negative breast cancer. About 15 percent of cases are this type, their growth is not fueled by the hormones estrogen or progesterone, or the gene that Herceptin targets, making them hard to treat.

Women in the study who received Tecentriq plus chemo went two months longer on average without their cancer worsening compared with those on chemo alone, a modest benefit. The combo did not significantly improve survival in an early look before long-term follow-up is complete.

Failed protein test

Previous studies found that immunotherapies work best in patients with high levels of a protein that the drugs target, and the plan for the breast cancer study called for analyzing how women fared according to that factor if Tecentriq improved survival overall.

breast cancer
FILE – A patient receives chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer at the Antoine-Lacassagne Cancer Center in Nice, July 26, 2012. VOA

The drug failed that test, but researchers still looked at protein-level results and saw encouraging signs. Women with high levels who received the combo treatment lived roughly 25 months on average versus about 15 months for women given chemo alone.

That’s a big difference, but it will take more time to see if there’s a reliable way to predict benefit, said Dr. Jennifer Litton of the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. She had no role in running the study but enrolled some patients in it and oversees 14 others testing immunotherapies.

“We’re really hopeful that we can identify a group of women who can get a much bigger and longer response,” she said.

Another breast cancer specialist with no role in the study, Dr. Michael Hassett at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, said he felt “cautious excitement” that immunotherapy may prove helpful for certain breast cancer patients.

Breast Cancer
Breast cancer cell, Wikimedia Commons

Side effects and cost

Side effects need a close look, both doctors said. Nearly all study participants had typical chemo side effects such as nausea or low blood cell counts, but serious ones were more common with the combo treatment and twice as many women on it stopped treatment for that reason.

Three of the six deaths from side effects in the combo group were blamed on the treatment itself; only one of three such deaths in the chemo group was.

Also Read: New DNA Tool To Predict People’s Height And Risk For Cancer

Cost is another concern. Tecentriq is $12,500 a month. The chemo in this study was Celgene’s Abraxane, which costs about $3,000 per dose plus doctor fees for the IV treatments. Older chemo drugs cost less but require patients to use a steroid to prevent allergic reactions that might interfere with the immunotherapy. Abraxane was chosen because it avoids the need for a steroid, said one study leader, Dr. Sylvia Adams of NYU Langone Health.

The study was sponsored by Roche and many study leaders consult or work for the company or own stock in it. (VOA)