Friday March 23, 2018

Ten Bizarre Mental Disorders that will make you bite your nails

Mental health conditions are just as real as the physical ones and people with several mental disorders are at special risk

Scared. Image source:

Study of human brain is no piece of cake but it is definitely a field to explore. Mind is like book which contains things many of us don’t even know. One small problem in brain can lead to many problems and even to a disorder. It’s a wonder to study about brain and its effect on the body .

10 bizarre and interesting medical conditions that will leave you surprised and amused-

(i)                                             Alien Hand Syndrome

Image Source: Patients who alien hand syndrome usually find their hand reach, grab and hold onto something without the knowledge of the person. This action occurs due to activation parts in brain that control voluntary movement.  For example, 35 year old man who suffered from always grabbed the hand/arm of person next him.

(ii)                                                    Autophagia

Image Source:
Image Source:

Autophagia is a impulse control disorder in which a person is compelled inflicts pain on themselves by biting, chewing, scratching, cutting or even devouring any part of the body. The person who have autophagia become possessed and does not control over it; they can’t even resist as it is associated with the psychosis.


(iii)                                                     Synesthesia

Image Source:
Image Source:

Synesthesia is considered to one of the rare neurological condition  in which a patients senses get entwined. This cause a person to associate number and letter, days and month,emotion and senses with colours and taste. For example if a patient listens to word cinema he/she will get a taste in their tongue. Like if some said car then the patient could taste lemon tea.

(iv)                                                  Apotemnophilia

Image Source: markryan
Image courtesy: markryan

Apotemnophilia is associated with the Body intergrity Disorder. In this type of disorder usually rational person express every strong and specific desire for amputation of the limb or limbs. Some even seek s surgeons to perform an amputation or purposefully injure a limb in order to force emergency medical amputation.

(v)                                        Walking Corpse Syndrome

Image Source:
Image Source:

WCS (Walking Corpse Syndrome) is another rare condition in which a person affected think that a part of the body or they themselves does not exists. Walking corps Syndrome is also known as Cotard Delusion. Mostly in these type of cases about 55% of the diagnosed patients in a 100 feel that they were immortal.


(vi)                                                   Coprolalia

Image Source:
Image Source:

Coprolalia is not that serious condition when compared to others on this list. People who from coprolalia tend to do involuntary swearing or the involuntary utterance of obscene words or socially inappropriate and derogatory remarks. It is a neurological disorder which makes say these offensive and derogatory words which are not necessarily their thoughts and opinions.


(vii)                                            Stendhal Syndrome

Image Source:
Image Source:

Stendhal syndrome is a type of psychosomatic disorder. People who suffer from this tend to have rapid heartbeat, fainting, dizziness, and hallucination when they exposed to a over whelming personal significance. It is also known as the Florence syndrome and is used to describe a same reaction when exposed to immense beauty in natural world.

(viii)                                          Clinical Lycanthropy

Image source:
Image source:

It is a rare psychiatric syndrome where a person affected has delution that they can transform into or has transformed into or is animal. The name of this syndrome is associated with mythical condition of lycanthropy, in which it is said that human can physically change into wolves.


(ix)                                            Stockholm syndrome

Image Source:
Image Source:

Stockholm Syndrome is type of psychological phenomenon where the hostage shows empaths , affection and positive feelings towards the kidnapper sometimes to the point where they to defend the kidnapper. It also be seen as bonding where it does require hostage situation but which describes strong emotional ties that develop between two persons where one person intermittently harasses, beats, threatens, abuses, or intimidates the other. In Highway Bollywood movie Alia bhat suffers from Stockholm syndrome.


(x)                                              Alice in wonderland

Image source :
Image source :

It is a neurological condition in which a patient feel severe migraine headache, causing them see and perceive objects as greatly out of proportion. Patients also suffer from altered sense of touch and time. This happens because of abnormal amounts of electrical activity causing abnormal blood flow in the parts of the brain that process visual perception and texture. This syndrome is named after the classic novel by Lewis Carroll.

-by Bhaskar Raghavendran

Bhaskar is a graduate in Journalism and mass communication and a reporter at NewsGram. Twitter handle: bhaskar_ragha


Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2016 NewsGram

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    This study is a true nail biting one. Getting to know more about such disorders would be interesting!

  • devika todi

    mind is such an intriguing topic. it is always interesting to know more about it.

Next Story

CPR training for all must to save lives: Experts

Nearly 98 per cent Indians are not trained in basic life-saving technique of CPR during sudden cardiac arrest

Participants practice cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important life skill to know. VOA

Imagine walking on the road and suddenly seeing a passerby suffering from chest pain and collapsing. Would you be able to give a lifesaving Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)? Most likely, no.

A recent survey conducted by Lybrate — a domestic online doctor consultation platform — showed that nearly 98 per cent Indians are not trained in basic life-saving technique of CPR during sudden cardiac arrest.

In India, sudden cardiac arrest is a major cause of death due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and shockingly 60 per cent of the people who suffer a sudden cardiac arrest succumb to it even before they reach hospital, the survey, conducted in 2016, showed.

It is important to be trained in CPR. Flickr

The need of the hour is to make CPR training a must in schools and colleges and even at community level, as it can triple a patient’s chance of survival, if performed in the first few minutes of cardiac arrest, health experts said. CPR consists of using chest compressions and artificial ventilation to maintain circulatory flow and oxygenation during cardiac arrests and is the cost effective way to improve survival.

“In case of sudden cardiac arrest, the mortality is very high — almost 90 per cent or more if not resuscitated within 10 minutes,” Neeraj Bhalla, Director and Senior Consultant Cardiology at BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, told IANS.

The American Heart Association (AHA) defines CPR as an emergency procedure to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a patient and, especially, if performed immediately, it can double or triple a cardiac arrest patient’s chance of survival.

“Any process to bring back the heart beats in the first minute is very important and CPR is one very effective and time-tested process. There should be a concerted effort to make CPR training a must,” added Piyusha Majumdar, Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR) University, Jaipur.

The basic technique of CPR illustrated. Pixabay

The AHA recommends uninterrupted chest compression (100 chest compressions in a minute) to the patient until para-medical support is given, which helps in supplying oxygenated blood to the brain and preventing death. Bystander CPR, and AED (automated defibrillators), are very useful in saving lives,” Bhalla said.

“The use of AED — used to diagnose life-threatening arrhythmias or irregularity of heart rhythm — can also be used to treat a dying heart by using electric shock to revive the heart’s rhythm,” Vanita Arora of Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, told IANS.

The device is easy to use, and with some basic training, it can easily be operated by a layman. However, “it is not available at most places, unfortunately. An AED machine should be there at every place where there’s a fire extinguisher. That’s how important a role it can play in saving lives,” Arora noted.

Also Read: CPR Survival Rates Lower Than Most People Think

“The government can also come out with campaigns and such training should be given to all and sundry. Government and private hospitals should also be roped in to provide training, apart from making it compulsory in schools and colleges. Besides, NGOs can also be of great help in such an initiative,” Majumdar added.

The experts also noted that most people fail to identify when a person is suffering cardiac arrest. “A person suffering cardiac arrest will show the following symptoms: pain in the chest, palpitations or shortness of breath, collapse due to loss of consciousness and, most critical, no detectable pulse. The last two are very easy to detect and are almost clear signs of cardiac arrest,” Arora emphasised.

“When you see a person faint or become unconscious gasping for breath, the first thing is to check the pulse or beating of the heart. A person suffering from sudden cardiac arrest will not have detectable pulse, which means he has only seconds to survive. The next step is to call emergency medical service immediately. Almost simultaneously, the person should begin performing CPR,” she noted.

CPR is being administered while a second rescuer prepares for defibrillation. Wikipedia

At the same time, proper heart examination should be made part of routine health check up among the people in the country. People get heart check-ups like ECG and angiographies done only when they face problems like chest pain or any other symptom of heart attack or cardiac arrest.

One should never ignore unexplained weakness, tiredness, first onset chest burning or first onset breathlessness after the age of 40. Those with strong family history of heart disease should get themselves screened, the doctors said.

Leading a healthy lifestyle — including a daily exercise routine, eating healthy food and avoiding stress, adequate sleep — is good for maintaining a healthy heart. It must be made mandatory to teach CPR to all students, office-goers, security personal and almost every citizen of the country, the experts said. IANS