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Thadri: Sindhis up for food binge

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By Anjali Gursahaney

Thadri means Thadho (Cold)

Goddess Sitala

Sindhi’s are a community who lived in Sindh, Pakistan. But after partition they now live in different parts of India. However, Pakistan also sees his Sindhi community in traces.
Thadri is celebrated in the month of Sawan, on the seventh day of the waning moon. Like every festival, it has a lot of stories associated with it.  It signifies the birth of Yogamaya , sister of Lord Krishna.
Thadri is also celebrated for Devi Mata when people used to get small pox or chickenpox. There is also a belief that the expression Mata aa gayi in Hindi meant illness in the form of chickenpox. Mata means Chandi Mata– Durga Devi in ChandiRoop. People considered it to be the physical form of her anger. So, Thadho (cold) used to be done in which cold food was consumed and people prayed to her.

The mother goddess is worshipped in various forms; Sitala, being the small-pox goddess, is worshipped by Sindhi’s. She is the eldest of several sisters, named after different kinds of diseases such as measles etc. The worship of the goddess lasts during the whole period of the attack of the goddess (disease); mothers sing to their thadri affected son: ‘Thaar Mata Thaar, Munhjebachrankhethaar’. The annual festival observed in honour of this goddess is called Thadri, or the cooling festival.

In conversation with Newsgram, Mrs MuskaanGulabani said,
“When I was young, my grandmother used to make Mithulolo during Thadri. It was the most awaited festival, giving us the tastiest food ever. Since ladies don’t work on that day in kitchen, it was also a free day for them. But now, no one celebrates it the way it used to be. Sindhi festivals are losing their importance. Families should start celebrating Thadri again.”

lola, Sindhi dish source: Sindhirasoi.com

Ladies prepare Meetho Lolo (a famous dish of Sindhi), Dal Jo Lolo, and boondiraita on the previous day of the festival. On the day, kitchen fire is not lit at home, and the thado (cold) food prepared on the previous day is eaten.

RITUALS OF THE DAY

On the day of the festival, a ritual is carried out on the chulha with Akhri and Thikriyiun.

-7 small quarter-sized Loli’s are made which are supposed to be kept on the Chula.

– Along with offering Matho, the chulha is annointed with vermilion and water is poured on top.

– Flowers are offered if preffered and the chula isn’t touched for the whole day

– next day, the Lolis are kept under a tree and the chulha is lit.

– Two spoons of chana dal is also soaked during the night and with the soaked dal, one is supposed to chant the mantra three times: ‘Lakhrosaakro, Wadimai, Nandimai, Langhipayipaar, Devi Rani tuthadhokarthaar.’

The entire process is carried out as a way of cooling down the symbolic fire of the chulhas.

In festive fervour, homemaker Bharti Gursahaney said, “I love preparing the food one day in advance. You get extra sleep the next day and even a day off from the kitchen. You don’t have to cook the whole day and still get to eat tasty food.”

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  • Muskaan

    Thanks Anjali Gursahaney.. Very nice article… We should feel proud to be a Sindhi…

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    This is really great that people still celebrate traditional festivals and eat traditional food

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  • Muskaan

    Thanks Anjali Gursahaney.. Very nice article… We should feel proud to be a Sindhi…

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    This is really great that people still celebrate traditional festivals and eat traditional food

Next Story

Maa Durga and Cosmic Divinity

Maa Durga is considered an epitome of Shakti (ENERGY) that is GOOD which can triumph over EVIL.

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Maa Durga
Maa Durga encompasses all three incarnations. Pixabay

By Salil Gewali

October is here, and we are all set to welcome Maa Durga for a few days. For many of us, Durga Puja is more of an excuse to eat, drink and be merry. We buy ourselves new clothes, move from pandal to pandal, and forget our exercise and diets for a few heavenly days. But is that all Durga Puja stands for? Are we aware of the philosophies behind this annual celebration? There is not one single philosophy, actually.

The word Durga is derived from the root word ‘Durg’ which means Fort. Just as a fort stands tall and mighty around low lying land and water and jungles, and protects the inmates from all kinds of dangers, we look upon Maa Durga as our “divine protector” from all evil. We feel safe and secure in her divine embrace and feel her all-pervasive energy around us and within us. Divinity has always been looked upon as something far removed from science, mundane logic, and facts. But modern science is only just beginning to realize that the energy of Maa Durga which we refer to as Shakti does have strong underpinings in every aspect of our life, and is actually the governing philosophy behind many of the relational dynamics – visible and invisible.

Maa Durga
Maa Durga and cosmic divinity

Of course, the philosophy behind our worship of Maa Durga is not just an amalgamation of sundry religious rites. A rational scientist would find many similarities in facets of her story and our real life. For example, let us look at her weapons.  Trident or trishul: The three-headed sharp weapon is said to symbolize the three gunashuman being is made of, i.e – tamas, rajas and sattva – this itself a very complex and vast subject to understand. Discus or Sudarshan Chakra is Lord Vishnu’s gift symbolizes the centre of creation. Thunderbolt or vajra: Indra’s gift meaning steadiness of character, determination, and supreme power. Conch is the symbol of the primordial sound of “creation” – AUM. Spear represents auspiciousness which is a gift of fire also symbolizes purity of power. Sword symbolizing intellect and wisdom with the complete sense of responsibility and the understanding to discriminate right from wrong. Bow and arrows are the combination of potential and kinetic powers symbolizes all segments of ENERGY. Axe symbolizes the power of Vishwakarma, and have the power to create as well as destroy. Lotus represents wisdom, “LIBERATION though KNOWLEDGE”. Snake symbolizes consciousness and the masculine energy of Shiva.

When you juxtapose this life-giving form of Maa Durga against the Trishul and sword-wielding warrior form of the Mother Goddess, she comes across as the Destroyer. The target of her weapons of destruction are the evil forces which she wishes to protect her children against. So the philosophy of Maa Durga encompasses all three incarnations in one form – The Destroyer, The Life Giver, and The Creator.

Maa Durga
She embodies the perfect amalgamation of power and mercy which we see in Mothers everywhere.

Yes, it is easy to look upon the fable of Maa Durga as a story we have created for our own consumption. But like the examples we have illustrated above, there are several ways in which the legend of Maa Durga finds reflection in our daily life and helps to underline some of the philosophies she represents. Let us examine a few of these.

According to mythological accounts, Ramba was an asura who pleased the fire God Agni with his devotion and got a boon that a son would be born to him who could not be killed by any God or man or animal. This son was named Mahishasura and he grew up to be a strong and powerful warrior. When he heard of the boon, it made him incredibly haughty and merciless, and he went around defeating all kind of men and demi-Gods and expanding his own kingdom. This cold-blood massacre and destruction soon left Gods worried, and they went into a huddle to plan an effective counter to Mahishasura without tampering with the boon he had been granted.

The solution came from the Gods themselves, who took advantage of the syntax of the boon. The boon had mentioned God, man, and animal, but had no mention of the “woman”. So the Gods put together their powers and created Maa Durga, she who would fight for the forces of good and vanquish the evil. Armed with all the boons and weapons that the Gods could provide, Maa Durga took on the EVIL represented by Mahishasura. After a long and ferocious battle, she finally put an end to the cursed life of Mahishasura. This story is a fable, but the philosophy it underlines is profoundly cerebral. Every force of evil in this world would be balanced by an equivalent force of good. Whenever the evil goes beyond a certain level, the forces of good come together to destroy the evil and restore the balance of this world.

Maa Durga
Look at her weapons. Pixabay

Outside of the physical manifestations of our prayers and devotion for Maa Durga, she also embodies the spirit and the characteristics of a mother. Maa Durga is the divine force we look up to who can protect us from worldly ills in every kind of situation because she is “omnipresent” and all powerful. SHE embodies the perfect amalgamation of power and mercy which we see in Mothers everywhere.

As we see from these few examples, Maa Durga is considered an epitome of Shakti (ENERGY) that is GOOD which can triumph over EVIL. Yes, our scriptures pour out a rich vein of philosophical underpinnings on which to lead our lives well and gradually make an earnest effort for the self-realization and merge with the DIVINE GOOD.  Ultimately, it is the Mother’s DIVINITY that encompasses the WHOLE COSMOS.

Salil Gewali is a well-known writer and author of ‘Great minds on India’.  Twitter: @SGewali.