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By Prerna Grewal
Imphal, the capital of Manipur, has turned into the epicenter of madness and violence, carried out in a fit of agitation. Protests that were initiated with the demand of implementation of Inner Line Permit Bill System (ILPS) have gathered momentum after the death of Sapam Robinhood, a 16-year-old student who was killed by the police in their efforts to quell the protest.
What is ILP?
Inner Line Permit is an official travel document issued by the central government to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected/restricted area for a limited period. It is obligatory for Indian citizens, not residents of those states, to obtain a permit for entering the restricted areas.
What exactly are the demands of the protesters?
Protesters have been demanding the withdrawal of the Manipur Regulation of Visitors, Tenants and Migrant Workers Bill and implementation of a proper Bill which could safeguard the indigenous people of the State. The demand for the implementation of ILPS has emerged as a consequence of all this.
As reported by the Times of India, “Early this year, Manipur chief minister OkramIbobi Singh introduced the ‘Manipur Regulation of Visitors, Tenants and Migrant Workers’ Bill 2015 in the assembly to safeguard the interests of the indigenous people of the state.
However, Joint Committee on Inner Line Permit System (JCILPS) said the bill was protecting the interests of immigrants rather than the indigenous people of Manipur”.
How did the protest turn ugly?
The death of the 16-year-old gave an ugly turn to the protest with protestors resorting to extreme measures in a fit of anger.
Despite imposed curfews (July 9 onwards), protestors came out on streets and imposed road blocks. Apart from trying to storm the residence of local MLA NameirakpamLoken, which was thwarted by the police, the protestors continued to burn tyres, place tree branches, rock boulders and iron posts on the roads.Imphal Express also informed of Sit in protests being staged in different parts of the State including at Kongba crossing, KhongmanMangjil, SingjameiBheigyabatileikai.
The level of frustration is clearly evident in the following statements made by the Indigenous People’s Assocation of Kangleipak’s (IPAK) chairman SapamchaJadumani.
“He said the movement will continue until the demands are met as the ongoing agitation demanding implementation of the Inner Line Permit System in the State is not only for the joint committee but for the whole people of the State.
The Manipur Regulation of Visitors, Tenants and Migrant Workers Bill 2015 which was passed by the government omitted the recommendations submitted by the All Political Parties Committee and the joint committee and was made not according to the interest and welfare for the people he asserted.
The situation would not have turned this bad if the government had shown some concern and understanding of the people’s sentiment, he continued.
“It would be best if the government withdraw the previous bill and fulfil the demand made by the people as this is the only means to safeguard the indigenous inhabitants of the people and to live peacefully in the state” he added.
(Reported by the Imphal Free Press)
The next few statements made by the protesters and published by the Imphal Free Press are reflective of their obstinate determination.
The protestors also shouted at the police that the demand was also for the police and their families and “Take our lives, but don’t destroy our Home, please, we are eager to sacrifice for the ILPS.”
A fog of frustration seems to have clouded people’s perception and judgement. This is true for people on both sides of the spectrum. If protestors are resorting to extreme measures like the ones already mentioned (burning tyres, blocking traffic etc.), the police too is resorting to violent measures to quench the protest. Some of these are often on the fringes of being inhuman
Tear gas shell, fired by the police that exploded in the middle of a group of protesters left several injured. One of the injured has been identified as 17-year-old Roshan Haobijam. Rushed to RIMS hospital, a splinter of a tear gas shell was taken out from an injury on his stomach.Splinters had also hit his thigh and shoulders and he was also bleeding from his right ear.
The following account was published by the Imphal Free Press,
“According to the students who are both 15-year olds, they were talking inside their residential gate at Kakwa when police personnel who came from behind jump on them and put them inside their mini-van parked outside.
The two have been identified as class VIII student Alex Thokchom son of Rajan and S Thoibi son of Amuchao.
The two said they were taken to the Kakwa Police Station and accused of using catapults which they had not.
The police then assaulted them using the butts of their guns and stamped all over their bodies with their boots, they said.
They were only rescued by the local womenfolk who stormed the station after learning of their arrest.
The two boys who are now at the RIMS wore lucid boot marks on their necks, thighs, knees and other parts”.
Mainstream Media not providing enough coverage to the issue?
While the residents of Manipur are in a better position to justify their stand on implementation or non-implementation of ILP, it is worth considering why the media hasn’t been giving as much coverage to the entire issue as it deserves. Except for regional media platforms within Manipur, hardly anyone within mainstream media seems to be going into the details violence unleashed upon the group of protestors which did not even spare teenagers or minors.
Posts about commercial media not giving enough coverage to issues in Imphal have been trending all over social media. Many people were taken by surprise on getting to know about the situation in Imphal through social media platforms such as Twitter. Some even expressed doubts regarding the validity of the news as they hadn’t heard of it elsewhere.
Oh, did i tell you Imphal is burning. Under Curfew for 3 days. One dead. Some injured. Dont worry or bother: the Indian territory is safe
— nitin sethi (@nit_set) July 10, 2015
The biting sarcasm embedded within the tweet is clearly targeted towards such omissions on behalf of commercial main stream media. Various people on twitter agreed with him in their responses.
In response to this, Vishal Dadlani said he found no news of the same.
Is this true? Not a peep on the news!?? https://t.co/z1Do92D363
— VISHAL DADLANI (@VishalDadlani) July 11, 2015
Award-winning author Binalakshmi Nepram continues to tweet about the issue from her handle.
— Binalakshmi Nepram (@BinaNepram) July 11, 2015
Once again, the issue of discrimination faced by North Eastern states, despite being a part of India has been brought into discussion. The entire situation also highlights the significance of social media and the power it enjoys in terms of influence and effects. It is indeed one of the most powerful tools easily accessible to common man that can often be employed towards the welfare of society.
Finally, the following can be said about the situation in Manipur. Clearly chaos has established control over rationality and perhaps humanity. Difference of opinion has extended into something much more violent than a simple war of words. The government urgently needs to come up with a solution or arrive at some kind of negotiation.
Every child who grew up in the 90s and the early 00s has certainly grown up around Tom and Jerry, the adorable, infamous cat-chases-mouse cartoon. The idea of naughtiness and playing mischief had the standards that this particular series set for children and defined how much wreckage was funny enough.
The show's creators, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera initially named their characters Jasper and Jinx. They did not plan for the fame that Tom and Jerry brought them when they released a movie by the name of "Puss Gets the Boot". This movie featured a certain cat and mouse who were a notorious pair, named Jasper and Jinx. When the movie became a hit, the names of the characters were changed and the show shot to fame.
Tom and Jerry became a go-to cartoon for children in the early 00s, and it was one of those shows with a firm foundation, that had already been in the running for decades. The original template had been planned nearly 80 years ago, and the makers did not change it. The music that was played in the many episodes, made a breakthrough in its own way. It is the most easily recognizable melody with utterly nostalgic associations.
Today, Tom and Jerry is still a household name in homes where children love cartoons Image credit: wikimedia commons
A set of supporting characters were defined for the show, to occasionally take the focus off the original pair. There was a large, black woman named Mammy Two Shoes and a bulldog who took Jerry's side. Mammy Two Shoes was discontinued because her character portrayed racist tendencies. A tall white woman replaced her, who was kinder and loved mice. Either of the women's faces was never revealed.
Today, Tom and Jerry is still a household name in homes where children love cartoons. There are a host of other shows besides this that aim to replicate the same aspects of the cartoon but do not come close at all. Despite the immense amount of violence in the show, it is a beloved pastime of parents and children alike.
Keywords: Tom and Jerry, Cartoon, Hanna and Barbera, Television
One of India's leading private museums, the Museum of Art & Photography (MAP) Bengaluru, has released new primary research conducted by the ReReeti Foundation, on audience behaviour in India's cultural sector. While more than half of the respondents thought the arts and culture are essential, they rarely manage to make time for it. The majority (60.6 per cent), mostly young people under 30, felt Indian museums could present more engaging content, and most perceived culture as anthropological/ sociological. Of the diverse categories included, music emerged as the most popular cultural activity.
The report is based on a survey of 500 people, which included school and college students, professionals across sectors, homemakers and senior citizens. The first initiative of its kind in the cultural space, the report shares valuable insights into the behaviour and expectations of Indian audiences engaging with a broad range of cultural activities. As part of MAP's mission to foster meaningful connections between communities and the cultural sector globally, which includes its innovative digital programme Museums Without Borders, the report shares a wealth of insights that can help museums across the country understand their audiences better. As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities.As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities.
As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities. | Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash
Speaking on the recent report, Kamini Sawhney, Director, Museum of Art & Photography (MAP), said, "MAP is focused on changing the notion of a museum in India, by enabling more relevant and inclusive programming, both online and in our space in Bengaluru. The audience research commissioned by MAP, and conducted by the ReReeti Foundation, provides valuable, and actionable insights which we hope will help museums across the country better understand their consumer base, improve decision making and deepen social impact." As much as 62.3 per cent college students and 47.6 per cent professionals/homemakers perceive culture as anthropological and sociological. Music was the most popular cultural event likely to be attended, followed by heritage tours and plays/comedy shows for Indian audiences.
Over 70 per cent of college students visit museums with family and friends; working professionals, homemakers and senior citizens also predominantly visit with groups/ spouses (indicating a need to focus on increased group programming/facilitation). As much as 68 per cent of people were optimistic about going outdoors for activities and events in 2021. As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities.(IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Art, Culture, India, Museum, Music
What is the best way to save Goa from deforestation?
Drinking feni, may well be the answer, says the secretary of the Goa Cashew Feni Distillers and Bottlers Association Hansel Vaz, who on Thursday said, that sipping the state's unique alcoholic drink and making it popular would directly aid the greening of Goa's hills and other barren landscapes.
"To get more cashews, we need to plant more trees. I always say, by drinking feni you will save Goa, because we will be planting more cashew trees and we will have greener hills. The beauty of cashew is you do not need fertile land. You can grow it on a hill which can provide no nutrition. We will be able to grow more trees, if we can sell feni properly," Vaz said. Vaz's comments come at a time when the hillsides of the coastal state have witnessed significant deforestation for real estate development and for infrastructure projects. Feni is manufactured by fermenting and double distilling juice from the cashew apple.
Best way to keep Goa green is to grab yourself a glass of feni. | IANS
Addressing a press conference in Panaji, Vaz also said that the promotion of feni was also in sync with the Prime Minister's vision for India to go "vocal for local". "There is no conglomerate, multinational company owning the drink. So every time we sell feni, it is a direct cash injection into Goa. If you sell a feni cocktail in Calangute (a popular beach village), it makes a direct impact in Valpoi and Bicholim, because this money is going down there," the Association official said at a press conference in Panaji.
The Association held the media briefing to announce a road map ahead for the feni industry, especially vis a vis streamlining aspects related to production, standardisation and marketing of the brew to make it popular in other Indian states and abroad.
The efforts to streamline the state "heritage drink" comes a month after the Goa government notified a formal policy, 'Goa Feni Policy 2021', which covers 26 different varieties of feni distilled in the state. "There were many barriers related to feni, which the policy has now addressed," treasurer of the Association Tukaram Haldankar said. One such hurdle was the previous government classification, which described feni as "country liquor", which would deter tourists from purchasing the drink. The reclassification of feni as a state "heritage drink" has lent dignity to the brew which has been manufactured locally in Goa since the 16th century.
But there is more the government can do, along with the state's traditional distillers and manufacturers to promote feni, Haldankar said. | Photo by Ishvani Hans on Unsplash
But there is more the government can do, along with the state's traditional distillers and manufacturers to promote feni, Haldankar said. "We request the government to allow the sale of feni in duty free stores in airports and cruise liner terminals. The government should also support us through the department of Tourism, so that feni can be promoted in its programmes. iIf you go to Scotland, they promote Scotch. Goa should promote its feni to Goa," Haldankar said, adding that traditional distillers should also be given subsidies and other measures should be taken to standardise feni, which he said, "would require further subsidies and financial assistance from the government".
"It should be a standard product like scotch, champagne," Haldankar said. "Like Mexico's tequila, Russian vodka and Japan's sake, we need to export our feni across the country and the world and the local distillers should also benefit economically," president of the Association Gurudutt Bhakta also said. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: deforestation,cashew,distillers,association,government, goa, feni, India