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The number of child labourers in India is close to 1.4 million: CRY

A total of 45 per cent child labourers in Bihar, 40 per cent in Rajasthan and Jharkhand, 38 per cent in Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are illiterate

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Child Labour Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
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  • Child Rights and You (CRY) released a film named ‘Contrast’ on 10 June.
  • One in every three child in the age group 7-14 is deprived of education and is working as a child labourer
  • There is 37% increase in child labourers in the category of 5-9 years in the last ten years

Keeping ‘World Day Against Child Labour’ on June 12 in mind, Child Rights and You (CRY) released a film named ‘Contrast’ on Friday. The film, unveiled at Le Sutra Gallery in Khar West, sheds light on the terrible problem of child labour in India and how education can play a role in combating it.

CRY, formerly Child Relief and You, is a national level NGO having 30 years of experience in working with parents as well as communities to bring changes in the lives of more than 20 lakhs underprivileged children.

Based on CRY analysis and Census data 2011, one in every three child in the age group 7-14 is deprived of education and is working as a child labourer.

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“Close to 1.4 million child labourers in India in the age group of 7-14 years cannot write their names. This means one in three child labourers in the said age group is illiterate,” an analysis of Census data by CRY- Child Rights and You revealed.

According to child labour laws in India, a child can work after school hours to support the family business, but on conditions that it doesn’t adversely affect the child’s education or health. CRY further states that child labour laws in India have led to a “shocking two millions of marginal workers in compromising their education.”

Child Labour Image: Wikimedia Commons
Child Labour Image: Wikimedia Commons

The depressing reality of the situation is that children who help in running their family business often drop out from schools due to pressure of earning. Many a times, severe impoverishment drives these children into becoming the sole breadwinners of their homes.

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“It is absolutely disheartening to see a 37% increase in child labourers in the category of 5-9 years in the last ten years. In tender years where they should be learning to hold a pencil, they are compelled to take up the burden of playing economic roles,” said Komal Ganotra, director, Policy and Advocacy of CRY. 

A total of 45 per cent child labourers in Bihar, 40 per cent in Rajasthan and Jharkhand, 38 per cent in Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are illiterate. Census 2011 data states that “6.5 million children in India in the age group of 5 to 14 work in agriculture and household industries.”

CRY opines that allowing these children to work in family enterprises under the law exposes them to the risks of future illiteracy and unemployment. It further hinders their overall development and mental well-being.

As per the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), Article 32, ratified in 1992, the Government of India had articulated that it would “progressively ban all forms of child labour.” Accordingly, children under 14 years of age would be exempt from all kinds of labour.

Despite the above, India has made no proposals to implement the same in its latest child labour laws, CRY states.  Also, the new law “allows children in this age group to work in family occupations after school hours”, which increases their potential risks of a long-term association with the ill effects of child labour.

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-by Maariyah Siddiquee, an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: @MaariyahSid

 

 

 

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  • devika todi

    the statistics are appaling! the government should look into the matter.

  • sahil nandwani

    The child labour is increasing day-by -day which led to make the country illiterate and poor. I think that the government should take the strict measures to stop child labour.

  • Paras Vashisth

    Child labour is a ‘dark stain’ for the country.It reflects very badly and needs to be wash out completely.

Next Story

An Initiative towards Ruling out Child Labour in Andhra Pradesh by several Government departments and NGOs

The sole intention of the committee is to induct children into education institutions, execute raids and educate the people.

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Child Labour, VOA
  • The kingpin intention of the committee is to induct children into education institutions, execute raids and educate the people
  • The drive will be conducted from June 12 to 18
  • Child labor can be eradicated through proper enrolment of children in schools, identify dropouts and admit them in schools

Andhra Pradesh, June 1, 2017: A committee has been constituted by the officials of various government departments and NGOs with the motive of driving against the child labor in Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh. This drive will be conducted from June 12 to 18.

The kingpin intention of the committee is to induct children into education institutions, execute raids and educate the people. This would be achieved through proper enrolment of children in schools, identify dropouts and admit them in schools, conduct raids in different establishments and houses to prevent child labour and explain the people child rights and welfare, mentioned The Hindu.

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The committee comprises of government officials from departments like National Child Labour Project (NCLP), Women Development and Child Welfare, Juvenile Welfare, South Central Railway and Vijayawada Municipal Corporation.

Sarva Siksha Abhiyaan, Rajiv Vidya Mission, Education and other departments and representatives of Childline have also joined hands with these departments. Apart from these, Nava Jeevan Bala Bhavan, SKCV, CRAF, Care and Share, BIRDS, Arunodaya, Prajwala and Annamma Society are also the members.

“As part of the Anti-Child Labour Day, awareness programs on child rights, seminars, workshops, special drives and rallies will be conducted during the week-day programme,” NCLP Project Director Anjaneya Reddy said.

– prepared by Himanshi Goyal of Newsgram, Twitter: @himanshi1104