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NEW DELHI: After getting over from the Christmas celebrations, everyone is looking forward to the New Year and with it comes the urge to revamp our lives. We tend to bury our sins and bad habits in the passing year and brace our self for a much better tomorrow.
New Year brings a kind of hope for each one of us where we assess ourselves and come out with something meticulous and meaningful.
The choice of plan in order to achieve our aim may vary from individual to individual but the agenda remains the same that is to improve ourselves from what we were.
Some people come out to tread on their aspirations with full force and some crumbles down due to lack of their dedication and commitment. Following are the most common type of resolutions that is been picked up by many of us:
With the ever-increasing work stress and unhealthy living, to stay in shape has become a big deal. Hitting gym has become a trend nowadays and people are ready to pay big bucks to their trainers. But being healthy is not that hard and can be attained by including healthy diet chart, regular exercise, meditation and staying away from any kind of health-related issues.
The more you stay healthier, the better productivity you can churn out at your workplace. So, the simple mantra is to stick with your basics and follow it wholeheartedly. It is always easy to start on any exercise plan but the trick is to find something which you can adapt to.
Learning any new skill
Wasting time on smartphones and laptops has started taking a toll on our health and life more vigorously. To catch up something sensible has become the need of the hour. Studies have proved that taking any hobby can lower your stress levels, improves concentration and boosts your brain power.
So, one can take up anything like learning a new instrument, improving communication skills, acquiring any kind of sports skill etc. Such activities will help you to negate the hard days of the coming year and will help you to perform better.
The issue of obesity has nearly doubled since 1980’s and is responsible for fifth leading risk for global deaths. So the side effects of being obese are not easy to handle, especially when it is a major cause of concern among youngsters. As per the report of a survey done in 2011, more than 40 million children under the age of five were overweight and found to be unhealthy.
Leaving behind our unhealthy eating habits can be counted as a New Year resolution for many of us.
Smoking is one of the habits that are very hard to quit. Thus, the beginning of New Year turns out to be the best platform to stay away from it and infuses you with a sense of determination to negate such a habit. It’s no hidden fact that smoking causes cancer and causes other health issues.
Smoking can also burn a hole in your pocket as well and make you dependent on it very easily. So, to leave smoking will be a good resolution for New Year.
According to the WHO report, the harmful use of alcohol results in 3.3 million global deaths each year and on average, every person in the world aged 15 years or older drinks 6.2 liters of pure alcohol per year. So, if we go by figures then anyone can clearly see the destructive consequences of such a habit.
Although, drinking alcohol in a controlled manner is not at all harmful and even sometimes advisable by the doctors for medical purposes. But in many cases, drinking alcohol is directly related to the abuse of drugs also. Thus, leaving behind such a habit will only help you to evolve as a better person.
Spending more time with family
At such a nerve wrecking speed of life, taking out time for our family members have become a herculean task for many of us. Reportedly, people spend months and months away from their home and family due to their personal commitments. But this practice surely secludes you from the mental harmony and peace.
So to take out some quality time for your dear ones will surely matter for each one of us.
Travel to new places
Freezing at a place for long spells makes us less productive and take us away from new experiences and adventures of life.
Planning a vacation at any serene place will let you take a break from your daily dull routine and infuse you with much-needed zeal. It also gives you an opportunity to dig into new cultures and lifestyles.
Many of us have volcanoes of stories buried deep inside our soul and crave badly to come out in the open. But lack of confidence and opportunity pushes us away from telling it to somebody. To counter such an issue, we can rely on diary writing on a daily basis.
It would be a good idea if we out down everything that we experience every day in a diary and make it a habit to write at least a word in it. This will inspire us to be more self-reliant and optimistic.
Extending help to others
Humans being a social animal need the empathy and support of his colleagues in order to survive in this indifferent world. We can make our society a much better place to live by helping people and by reinforcing their trust in humanity.
The help can be extended in many different ways like sharing of knowledge, resources, opportunities etc. Barack Obama once said, “The best way to not feel hopeless is to get up and do something. Don’t wait for good things to happen to you. If you go out and make some good things happen, you will fill the world with hope, you will fill yourself with hope.”
Being more positive
Having an open and positive attitude makes you more resilient and open up a lot of new opportunities on your way. Being positive can take you to places and will fill you with added confidence that will ultimately shape you into a successful person.
Thus, we should prepare ourselves to greet the New Year with a smile and commits to staying positive, no matter what.
Just as much as man has evolved from the time of the nomads, his practices and rituals have grown more and more sophisticated. With time, things that once were just formalities have acquired ritual significance and are observed in solemnity. Death was once something that marked the end, but now is an important life change event that is memorialized. Some people come alive only after death.
In nomadic times, men buried their dead companions or family along the route they traveled. They would place a stone or any heavy object over it, to prevent the soil from becoming loose around the body, or to keep it safe from scavengers. This practice is no longer followed as the animal kingdom and man's world have become distinct from each other.
Europe is dotted with Stonehenge clusters, which are historical pieces of evidence of human progress. It is a keen and detailed system that human ancestors devised for burying their dead. Carbon dating suggests the presence of decomposed remains, but its actual significance is speculated.
The Egyptians devised building pyramids in which they laid their dead. They are one of the earliest civilizations to propagate the idea of an afterlife. They filled the pyramids with earthly treasures, all of which they believed were required in the next life.
Traditional orthodox graves with elaborate gravestones Image credit: Photo by Robert Linder on Unsplash
When devastating plagues hit countries, the dead were buried in masses. Walls were built around these sites to contain the dead bodies and to prevent them from spilling out. Later superstitions and folklore about the 'undead' forced people to place crosses and crucifixes on graves to keep their loved ones from turning into blood-sucking vampires. Sometimes, coffins were pierced in the centre with a large stake to prevent the deceased from waking up again. Gravestones were laid to make sure that the person did not escape. Sometimes, an intact gravestone was an indicator of a pure soul.
The Renaissance instilled a scientific spirit of inquiry, which caused brilliant advancements in every field, but this came at rather bizarre costs. Students of human anatomy needed a basis for their theories and were often found vandalizing property, digging up the dead to use for dissection. Laws were passed against this, but it was a practice that prevailed. Some of the most famous principles of medicine come from this era.
Burying the dead has changed so much with the times. Today's practice of laying gravestones has no preventive measures like those in the past. Instead, they serve to immortalize the dead. It is to fulfill the life of the person by laying them to rest in their final earthly abode and leaving behind a marker of their life either by a symbol, a quote, or a verse that best describes them. As the population of the world continues to grow, land space for burial is growing scarce, and gravestones are now becoming a rare privilege.
Keywords: Ritual Practice, Graves, Memorial tombs, plague disease, white plague
The sporting industry thrives on the success of the patron teams, or at least, teams that the people love. It is common knowledge how much time and energy people are willing to spend watching matches between their favourite team and its rival. Matches that take place across the world, in different time zones, do not matter much when it comes to expressing patronage for a star player or team. Late nights, crowded sitting rooms, and rain-checked appointments are absolutely welcome during match season.
Cricket has gained the world's love when it comes to making them stop everything and stare at a screen, awaiting the next run, boundary, or wicket. No other sport across the world receives as much love and undying allegiance. In this scenario, it is only natural to have an entire system in place that makes use of this immense love for the sport. Creating leagues that run annually, and pit one team against another, to measure prowess, skill, and popularity does not seem odd at all. In fact, it pumps the adrenaline more than ever, and receives an incredible amount of support. People will do anything to watch their team in action one more time.
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Like in every other cricket-loving nation, Australia's Big Bash League reigns supreme among the predictors, who weigh the statistics of each team, player, and season. They go by the name of KFC Big Bash League, more popularly, BBL, and were established in 2011. Their franchise Twenty20 matches are held during the summer season, between the months of December and February. Currently, there are six local teams, Sydney Sixers, Perth Scorchers, and so on, the former being the latest champion. Apart from the Indian Premier League, BBL has the most attendance.
A batsman swinging the ball Image credit: Photo by Yogendra Singh on Unsplash
Since the world's eyes are on Australia anyway during this season, BBL also predicts its winners and losers, hosting events and putting up charts of the same. Experts that work under them regularly update the ravenous public about the latest developments based on experience, how often team members change hands, leadership developments, and even predict the success of each player in turn. The BBL points table sees a raving amount of reviews each year from the publicity of the franchise itself. People from all over world want to be able to know the outcome of the match beforehand, to increase the excitement of watching it.
Over the years, newer features have been introduced to make the franchise more enticing. Awards, both real and imaginary, are handed out to winners, and to exceptional players. Online betting also takes place to see who wins and who loses, based on personal opinions coupled with the experts' predictions. The BBL chart is extremely useful in this context. They even have a Women's Big Bash League that is gaining momentum.
Also read: The Ultimate Cricket Stay
The odds offered by BBL takes into account all the minute factors that most predictors do not pay attention to, such as weather conditions, and a list of probable players, including match details. What makes BBL reliable is that the experts who give out suggestions do their best field work, and have sound knowledge of the game and players. On Crictips, BBL has truly made a name for itself as an all-round cricket guide to all kinds of sporting audiences.
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Keywords: Australia, BBL, Crictips, Cricket, Betting
Cinema and movie making is constantly changing, and the result is in front of us we've come a long way from silent black and white short movies to high definition, colour, 5-D movies. It has evolved for the last 108 years and continues to grow. India's first auteur-filmmaker Dhundiraj Govind Phalke popularly known as Dadasahen Phalke directed and produced India's first feature film Raja Harishchandra which was a hundred per cent made by the Indian crew. The movie was released in Bombay's (Mumbai) Coronation Theatre on the 3rd of May 1913 under the label of being India's first home production, full-length film.
Raja Harishchandra was the first to be 'acted, directed and produced by an all-Indian team. Phalke's inspiration to make a "Swadeshi" movie comes from when he viewed the silent movie, "The Life of Christ" in 1911. He wrote in Navayug, November 1917 that While the Life of Christ was rolling fast before my physical eyes, I was mentally visualizing the gods, Shri Krishna, Shri Ramachandra, their Gokul and Ayodhya… He wanted to feel the connection with the movies but that connection failed to form as the context of the movie was foreign.
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Phalke went to London the very next year to learn about filmmaking techniques. He even imported the hardware required for filmmaking to India from England, France, Germany, and the United States of America. Upon his return to India, he founded Phalke Films Company. Phalke published classified in various newspapers for the cast and crew to apply, what's unique about the film was that even the female roles were played by male actors this happened as no women were available for the role.
Phalke was a one-man crew for the production, he was in charge of writing script, direction, production design, make-up, film editing along with film processing. The filming of the whole movie took six months and 27 days.
The female roles were played by male actors in the movieWikimedia Commons
As the name itself suggests the film closely follows the story of Satyavadi Raja Harishchandra from the Vedas who is known to be the epitome of truth as maharishi Vishvamitra makes him go through numerous torturous tests to prove himself.
The story goes as Raja (King) Harishchandra was teaching his son, Rohitashva how to shoot with a bow and arrow as Queen Taramati watches over her son and husband. Later the people of the Kingdom request the king to go on a hunting expedition as the animals have been creating havoc. While on the hunt, Harishchandra hears the cries of some women. Upon following the voice Harishchnadra discovers the sage Vishwamitra was performing a yajna to get help from Triguna Shakti (three powers) against their will. After witnessing the sight Harishchandra revolts and interrupts the sage, which infuriates the egoistic sage. To calm his wrath Harishchandra offers to sacrifice his kingdom to the sage. He informs his queen of the events and the family is exiled from the kingdom by Vishvamitra. The sage asks the poor king for Dakshina within the time period of 48 days. While in exile Rohitashva meets his demise, the king asks his wife to visit Dom king in the hope of free cremation only to face more difficulties on the path Vishvamitra frames her for the murder of the prince of Kashi. Taramati faces trial, pleads guilty and is ordered to be beheaded by Harishchandra. With a torn heart but as he could not turn away from his duty, the king raises his sword to behead his wife, Lord Shiva appears, and it is revealed that all the difficulties they have been going throw were the tests laid down by Vishvamitra to test the integrity of the king, Harishchandra gets back his kingdom, his son is brought back to life and the movie ends.
A legacy of the century
Only a handful of "firsts/indigenous" movies made in India have survived the century. Raja Harishchandra being one of them still holds the same meaning and inspiration for its audience as it did a century ago. Film historian Firoze Rangoonwalla describes the film's impact on the public as "a wide impression and appealed to a large audience in different places" and its box office success provided "the seal of acceptance and laid the foundation of the film industry" in the country.
The debate over whether Raja Harishchandra is truly the first full-length Indian feature film has been argued over for decades. Some film historians claim that Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne was released in the same theatre a year before Raja Harishchandra was the maiden Indian Film. However, other historians differ they argue that Shree Pundalik is a simple cinematographic recording filmed by a British cameraman on a single fixed camera, and later processed in London. On the other hand, Raja Harishchandra was completely made in India, from cameraman to final editing of the movie. Thus, it has recognition from the government of India as the first Indian feature film.
Keywords: Filmmaking, India's first feature film, Raja Harishchandra, Dadasaheb Phalke, filmmakers in India