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Tri Entity phenomena of OM , the scared symbol of Hindus

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The symbol OM, Source : Pixabay
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May 13, 2017: The omnipresence of the syllable “OM” cannot be understated. Om has a scared importance in Hinduism, it symbolises its threefold nature.

Let us know what meaning is encrypted  behind the diminutive symbol “OM”:

  1. OM is the model of all sounds

OM encompasses all words and all sounds in human language. The syllable is a blend of three sounds, a-u-m. The first letter ‘A’ is produced without touching any part of the lips while ‘M’ is produced by the closed lips. ‘U’ rolls from the root of the tongue.

Thus through this way, OM represents the basis of all sounds.

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2. Illustration of myriads of Triads

It represents the three worlds, the three Hindu principal Lords and the three sacred Vedic scriptures.

  • The three worlds – Earth, Atmosphere and Heaven
  • The three Gods – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva
  • The three Vedic scriptures – Rig, Yajur and Sama

3. AUM depicts the tri-division of time

“A” designates the waking state, “U” designates the dream state and “M” designates the state of deep sleep. At the end of ‘AUM’ comes the pause which denotes the state known as Turiya meaning infinite consciousness.

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4. The three curves of AUM

The symbol consists of three curves and further personifies the physical phenomena of a living being.

The large lower curve expresses the waking state. In this state, the consciousness is turned outwards through the senses. The larger size signifies that this is the most natural state of the human consciousness.

The upper curve expresses the state of deep sleep or the unconscious state.

The middle curve lies between deep sleep and the waking state signifying the dreaming state. In this state, the consciousness of the individual is turned inwards.

5. The three-fold function of AUM

The three-fold action the syllable OM encompasses is namely, creation, preservation and destruction.

prepared by Naina Mishra of Newsgram, Twitter: Nainamishr94

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Shankaracharya: A remarkable genius that Hinduism produced (Book Review)

The irony is that most leading scientists, particularly outside India but also within, have little knowledge of the structure of Shankara's philosophy and the transparent interface it has with scientific discoveries today.

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He was greatly influenced by three basic texts of Hindu philosophy: Upanishads, the Brahma Sutra and the Bhagavad Gita
He was greatly influenced by three basic texts of Hindu philosophy: Upanishads, the Brahma Sutra and the Bhagavad Gita.

Title: Adi Shankaracharya: Hinduism’s Greatest Thinker; Author: Pavan K. Varma; Publisher: Tranquebar Press; Pages: 364; Price: Rs 699

This must be one of the greatest tributes ever paid to Shankaracharya, the quintessential “paramarthachintakh”, who wished to search for the ultimate truths behind the mysteries of the universe. His genius lay in building a complete and original philosophical edifice upon the foundational wisdom of the Upanishads.

A gifted writer, Pavan Varma, diplomat-turned-politician and author of several books including one on Lord Krishna, takes us through Shankara’s short but eventful span of life during which, from having been born in what is present-day Kerala, he made unparalleled contributions to Hindu religion that encompassed the entire country. Hinduism has not seen a thinker of his calibre and one with such indefatigable energy, before or since.

Shankara’s real contribution was to cull out a rigorous system of philosophy that was based on the essential thrust of Upanishadic thought but without being constrained by its unstructured presentation and contradictory meanderings.

He was greatly influenced by three basic texts of Hindu philosophy: Upanishads, the Brahma Sutra and the Bhagavad Gita. He wrote extensive and definitive commentaries on each of them. Of course, the importance he gave to the Mother Goddess, in the form of Shakti or Devi, can be traced to his own attachment to his mother whom he left when he set off, at a young age, in search of a guru and higher learning.

The irony is that most leading scientists, particularly outside India but also within, have little knowledge of the structure of Shankara's philosophy and the transparent interface it has with scientific discoveries today.
Shankara wrote hymns in praise of many deities but his personal preference was the worship of the Mother Goddess.

Against all odds, Shankara created institutions for the preservation and propagation of Vedantic philosophy. He established “mathas” with the specific aim of creating institutions that would develop and project the Advaita doctrine. He spoke against both caste discriminations and social inequality, at a time when large sections of conservative Hindu opinion thought otherwise.

Shankara was both the absolutist Vedantin, uncompromising in his belief in the non-dual Brahman, and a great synthesiser, willing to assimilate within his theoretical canvas several key elements of other schools of philosophy. He revived and restored Hinduism both as a philosophy and a religion that appealed to its followers.

Also Read: Hinduism: The Nine Basic Beliefs that you need to know

Varma rightly says that it must have required great courage of conviction as well as deep spiritual and philosophical insight for Shankaracharya to build on the insights of the Upanishads a structure of thought, over a millennium ago, that saw the universe and our own lives within it with a clairvoyance that is being so amazingly endorsed by science today. The irony is that most leading scientists, particularly outside India but also within, have little knowledge of the structure of Shankara’s philosophy and the transparent interface it has with scientific discoveries today.

Shankara wrote hymns in praise of many deities but his personal preference was the worship of the Mother Goddess. The added value of the book is that it has, in English, a great deal of Shankara’s writings. Unfortunately, most Hindus today are often largely uninformed about the remarkable philosophical foundations of their religion. They are, the author points out, deliberately choosing the shell for the great treasure that lies within. This is indeed a rich book. (IANS)