United Nations: In order to bring an end to the country’s conflict, the UN Security Council on Friday adopted a resolution and proposed an international roadmap for a Syrian-led political transition, which called for Syria peace talks to begin in early January.
The unanimously adopted resolution also called for a nationwide ceasefire in Syria to come into effect “as soon as the representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition have begun initial steps towards a political transition under UN auspices”, Xinhua reported.
The 15-nation council expressed its support for statements agreed during previous talks in Geneva, Switzerland, and Vienna, Austria while stressing that “the Syrian people will decide the future of Syria”.
“The only sustainable solution to the current crisis in Syria is through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people,” it said.
Friday’s Security Council meeting was chaired by US Secretary of State John Kerry, as the US holds the council’s rotating presidency for the month of December.
Kerry said after the vote that the resolution has sent a clear message that “the time is now to stop the killing in Syria”.
The resolution has requested UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to convene representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition for peace talks “on an urgent basis,” and also to determine the requirements and modalities of a ceasefire, which are also stated in Geneva and Vienna documents.
At the meeting, UN Secretary-General Ban pledged that “the United Nations stands ready to undertake these important tasks”. He noted that “the Syrian conflict began with peaceful popular demands for political change, but it soon became defined by internal, regional and international divisions — including in this very Council.”
The conflict in Syria erupted in March 2011. The nearly-five-year war claimed more than a quarter million lives.
Ban urged the Syrian parties to immediately stop the use of indiscriminate weapons against civilians and to halt attacks on medical and educational facilities.
He also asked the Syrian parties to allow unconditional and unimpeded access for humanitarian aid convoys to help tens of thousands of people in need.
According to UN humanitarian agency, some 6.5 million Syrians are internally displaced. About 4.5 million people continue to live in areas that are hard to reach for the humanitarian community while almost 400,000 of those are besieged. (IANS)
In the midst of the global focus on Syria with Turkeys latest offensive putting a big question mark on when the war will end, India has been quietly doing its bit to help the Syrian people cope, and also laying the foundation for its bright future.
It’s not just with medicines and food supplies that India has been helping the war-wracked country, but now with education too.
India is providing scholarships to 1,000 Syrian students to study in Indian universities, in undergraduate, post-graduate courses and even PhD.
Behind the move to provide scholarships to students from Syria is a hope that it would in the near future replicate the success stories from the African continent — where several current or former Presidents, Prime Ministers and Vice Presidents have attended educational or training institutions in India.
Syrian Ambassador to India Riad Abbas thinks so too, and is happy at the move by India.
“India supports Syria in many ways. They support Syrian people with medicine, with food, and this initiative has come from Modiji (Prime Minister Narendra Modi) for our students,” Abbas told IANS in an interview.
“Around 1,000 students have come to India to study in different universities and different courses – from Bachelors to Masters to PhD”
“Through this means India is assisting Syria by rebuilding the brain” – here he taps his head with a meaningful smile, “the brain of our people to plant education, science, and peace”.
According to Abbas, it is “the best thing to rebuild humanity and the people”.
Could these students one day become leaders in Syria too?
“Definitely they could become… They will come back to our homeland to rebuild Syria. And maybe they will be in the government in future. They will be like ambassadors of India to Syria and Arab countries,” he said.
Abbas said that all the Syrian students currently studying in India as part of the initiative “are satisfied by the nature of Indian people and the hospitality. They are happy in their universities, and are fully supported by the universities”.
The students are in 11 government and private universities across the country.
Abbas hopes the initiative will become a yearly feature. “I hope we make it every year, if it is possible.
“Because we look forward to enhancing our relationship with India, and we want all our students to get their certificates from India, because Indian education is of a higher level, compared to other countries — similar to the UK and US,” he added.
Another important factor is the students “feel at home” in India due to the cultural affinities.
“There are similar traditions between the two countries and because of this they feel at home.
“Most of our students will come back to our homeland to help their families, their people and to rebuild Syria,” he said.
Though the Western world sees Syria as badly battered and bruised, India sees Damascus as a strong country with a powerful military that has been able to determinedly push back the Islamic State militia, which a few years ago had threatened to overrun the country.
While a few years ago the West was loudly calling for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down, today those voices have accepted his rule.
The Syrian envoy agrees. “Since a long time we have been fighting terrorism on behalf of the world. All terror groups came to Syria by Turkey’s support, they (Ankara) opened the border and facilitated their smuggling into Syria to kill our people and destroy our country.
“But now the last bit is left. We will defeat the terror groups on the ground, which get support from America. It is America which leads the army of mercenaries to fight against our army, and our army has defeated them. So now we are faced with the American army on the ground of Syria. This means that America’s project in the Middle East has failed, because of Syria,” the envoy told IANS.
“They (the West and the US in particular) declared in the past, ‘We will change the government of Syria, we will change the president, we will do like this and that’… It was only talking for talking’s sake. Only they destroyed the country, but they couldn’t achieve their aims to change the Syrian government, and Syrian policy.
“And we are proud of our relation with BRICS countries, and especially with India. We highly appreciate India’s position and the Indian people, and we pray for God to save this country and its people.”
On Syria-India relations, he said: “We have cordial relations with India, since the independence of both countries. Both have similar views in many cases in the international arena.”
He praised India’s stand on the Syrian issue – on support for a political solution in Syria put forward by the people themselves, help realise the aspirations of the Syrian people and stand against any external intervention in Syria.