Tuesday, May 18, 2021
Home Environment UN: World Is In Danger Of Losing Benefits The Ocean Provides

UN: World Is In Danger Of Losing Benefits The Ocean Provides

The ocean is in trouble. We need the ocean and the ocean now needs us to take care of the systems that make our existence possible

The world is at risk of losing many of the benefits the ocean provides, warns the latest UN assessment on the state of the world’s ocean.

The first World Ocean Assessment (WOA I), released in 2015, had warned that many areas of the ocean had been seriously degraded, mostly due to the failure to deal with the pressures caused by human activities, including fishing, aquaculture, shipping, oil and gas exploitation, pollution and the release of greenhouse gases.

The latest assessment, released on Wednesday, notes the situation has not improved — and that many of the benefits that the ocean provides to people such as oxygen, food, jobs, medicine, and climate regulation are increasingly being undermined by human activities.

Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world.

Considered the only comprehensive global analysis that looks at social, environmental, demographic, and economic trends affecting the state of the ocean, the assessment calls for integrated sustainable management of coasts and the ocean, driven by science, technology, and innovation.

People benefit from the ocean because it offers oxygen, food, jobs, medicine, and climate regulation. Pixabay

“Better understanding of the ocean is essential,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres at the launch.

“As the assessment makes clear, ocean sustainability depends on us all working together — including through joint research, capacity development, and the sharing of data, information, and technology.”

Despite improvements in understanding of the state of the world’s ocean and its marine life in recent years, there are still significant gaps in scientific knowledge and capacity needed to ensure responsive policies that can help restore and sustain ocean health.

“We have only seen about 10 percent of the ocean. So much of the ocean is yet to be explored and understood,” said Sylvia Earle, Marine Biologist and President of Mission Blue.

“This is the time to step back and dive in to really look at the problem; look at the solutions to see how the interests of humankind are so connected to the ocean.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, “Better understanding of the ocean is essential.” Wikimedia Commons

“The ocean is in trouble. We need the ocean and the ocean now needs us to take care of the systems that make our existence possible,” she added.

The assessment points to the alarming pace of sea-level rise, combined with increasing storms and coastal urbanization, which has led to coastal erosion and flooding in coastal cities.

Rising carbon dioxide emissions have led to ocean acidification and together with warming and deoxygenation resulted in the loss of biological diversity.

The ocean heat content has more than doubled since the 1990s, severely affecting marine life and ecosystems.

The number of “dead zones” or areas with reduced oxygen in the ocean has increased from more than 400 globally in 2008 to about 700 in 2019.

Around 2,000 aquatic non-indigenous invasive species have been introduced as a result of human-mediated movements, some of which face major biosecurity and biodiversity threats. Pixabay

Around 90 percent of mangrove, seagrass, and marsh plant species, as well as 31 percent of species of seabirds, are now threatened with extinction.

Marine litter is present in all marine habitats, affecting the environment and marine organisms through entanglement, ingestion, and rafting of invasive species.

Overfishing is estimated to have led to an annual loss of $88.9 billion in net benefits.

ALSO READ: Future Of The World Depends On Forest Restoration: Environmentalists

Human-mediated movements have introduced about 2,000 marine non-indigenous invasive species, some of which pose significant biosecurity and biodiversity hazards.

Approximately 15 percent of all sandy beaches worldwide are seeing retreating shorelines at an average trend of 1 m per year or more over the last 33 years.

“The regular process (the assessment) is absolutely key for developing the priorities for ocean science because it identifies stressors and impact — and this gives us information about where we have to find solutions,” said Vladimir Ryabinin, head of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. (IANS/KB)



Most Popular

5 Tips On Running A Successful Push Notification Campaign

By Yulia Vekilyan The market of push notifications is not new. As marketers have been using it for several years already, its effectiveness has gone...

Napoleon Bonaparte: “Leader Who Changed The History”

By- Khushi Bisht Napoleon Bonaparte or Napoleon I was a French general and emperor who occupied half of Europe during the early nineteenth century. In...

The Law Of Attraction: Know What It Means And How To Use It

BY- JAYA CHOUDHARY The law of attraction is the universe's attractive, gravitational force that appears in all and everything. The law basically asks you to...

Know How To Insure For INR 1 Crore And Pay A Monthly Premium Of Less Than INR 1000

By Natasha Agarwal Is it really possible to be insured for INR 1 crore and pay a monthly premium of less than INR 1000? A term...

Violence Against Women: The Other Pandemic No One is Talking About

By Dora Mekouar When she was in college, Patricia Cumbie says she was attacked by a man at a party. “I am a rape survivor. I was sexually assaulted when...

Keep Sharp: Time To Meet Your Inner Black Box

His three teen and preteen daughters find it hilarious that their father has written a book about memory; they believe he "literally can't remember...

Edtech Market To Grow 10x In Next 5 Years: Research

Buoyed by the continuous remote learning amid the pandemic, the online higher education(Edtech) market in India will grow 10 times over the next five...

How China Reset Its Image Via Foreign Media During the Pandemic

By Jesusemen Oni, Adrianna Zhang, Milan Nesic, Jonathan Muriithi In the early days of the coronavirus outbreak, China sought to block news of the rapidly spreading virus, detaining those who...

Recent Comments