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UNESCO lauds India’s progress: Fewer children out of school

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By Newsgram Staff Writer

As per UNESCO’s Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2015, India has achieved success in getting its children into primary schools and also improved the number of girl students. However, India still lags when it comes to quality of learning outcomes, adult literacy and keeping a check on rapidly increasing private schools in urban slums.

The report which was released by HRD minister Smriti Irani also showcased that India will be the only country in South and West Asia to have an equal ratio of girls and boys in primary and senior school. It also revealed that India has reduced its out-of-school children by over 90% since 2000, when 164 countries committed themselves to six global education goals.

Aaron Benavot, the report’s chief author, said that, “Improvements in early childhood education, universal primary education, the huge reduction in out-of-school children and gender equality are big achievements for India, a country where more that 220 million children are in schools.”

The report alludes to the 2014-15 Annual Status of Education Report to point out wide disproportions in students’ basic skills across states. It states a ‘strong preference’ of parents to send their children to private schools to learn in English, and draws attention to a bulging number of contract teachers and teacher absenteeism.

“Research in 2009 and 2010 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda found that men with less education expressed discriminatory gender views, were more likely to be violent at home and, if they were fathers, were less likely to be involved in child care,” cites the report.

In spite of the ‘good news,’ there is still a lot to achieve when it comes to literacy. The report has also mentioned that 32% of the countries, which include India, are still ‘a long way’ from achieving adult literacy.

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Indian Cities Mumbai, New Delhi and Bengaluru face Majority of Cyber Attacks

As the digital footprint of India increases through capital intensive projects, hackers are targeting data and large scale disruption like never before

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Cyber Attacks
Smart cities, financial services and transportation sectors lead the rankings in terms of Cyber Attacks. Pixabay

 There has been a 26 per cent increase in Cyber Attacks in India and Mumbai, New Delhi and Bengaluru together accounted for roughly 38 per cent of all attacks in the July-September period, a new report said on Wednesday.

The report prepared by Bengaluru-headquartered telecom solutions provider Subex identified over 3,500 modular malware samples in the country, registering a whopping 37 per cent increase.

Smart cities, financial services and transportation sectors lead the rankings in terms of cyber attacks, said the “State of Internet of Things (IoT) Security Report” for the third quarter (July-September period).

“As the digital footprint of India increases through capital intensive projects, hackers are targeting data and large scale disruption like never before,” said said Vinod Kumar, Managing Director and CEO, Subex.

“The increase in cyber attacks against the country and the strong geopolitical correlation indicate high levels of interest in targeting our critical infrastructure. Hackers are working to improve their ability to monetize cyber attacks,” he warned.

Malware of varying degrees of sophistication are being reported from a variety of deployments, including new projects surrounding renewable energy.

Most malware detected (36 per cent) could be traced to sources on the Dark Web while as much as 14 per cent of malware couldn’t be traced to a known source pointing to the arrival of new actors and malware shops on the scene,” the findings showed.

Cyber Attacks
There has been a 26 per cent increase in Cyber Attacks in India and Mumbai, New Delhi and Bengaluru together accounted for roughly 38 per cent of all attacks in the July-September period. Pixabay

The detection of malware connected with critical infrastructure projects has also registered an increase.

“This implies that hackers are targeting large scale disruption and are working to increase the cost associated with managing such projects as also negatively impact future investments in them,” the report added.

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Independent hackers are increasingly feeling the need to monetize cyber attacks as the unit cost of malware has risen in the last quarter. Further, it is becoming increasingly difficult to source high-grade malware from multiple sources due to various factors, the report added. (IANS)