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UNICEF: Children to face climate change impact

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source: todayonline.com
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New York: Of the 2.3 billion children in the world, 690 million children, who are living in places which are most prone to climate change, have more chances of global warming caused death, disease and poverty, reported UNICEF.

Climate change and global warming would make diseases like pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria and malnutrition much more deadly. A very common cause of death now is hyperthermia, caused by heatwaves, which have increased in recent years and cause severe rashes, exhaustion, dehydration and cramps in young children and infants.

“Children will bear the brunt of climate change. They are already bearing a lot of the impact,” said one of the authors of the report, Nicholas Rees, a UNICEF policy specialist.

In the report titled ‘Unless We Act Now’, UNICEF said “Almost 530 million children live in extremely high flood occurrence zones”, mainly lying in Asia. In the other extreme, “nearly 160 million children live in areas of high or extremely high drought severity”, which are mostly in Africa.

When a place is hit by a drought or a flood, “a poor child and a rich child don’t stand the same chances”, said Rees.

Malnutrition and under-nutrition are being caused as a result of droughts affecting agriculture. This is causing half the deaths in the world among children below five.

Most vulnerable to floods are the Pacific islands, equatorial Africa, the Horn of Africa, along with coastal areas in South Asia, Caribbean and Latin America.

“Today’s children are the least responsible for climate change, but they, and their children, are the ones who will live with its consequences,” said Anthony Lake, the director of UNICEF.

(With inputs from Agencies)

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Old Diesel Cars Banned From Summer 2019 In Greater Paris

Fifteen French metropolitan areas including Lyon, Nice, Aix-Marseille and Toulouse last month agreed to install or reinforce low-emission zones by 2020.

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Paris,diesel
Exhaust fumes escape from the exhaust of a diesel engine car in Paris. VOA

The Greater Paris region will become a low-emission zone from next summer, which will limit the circulation of old diesel cars, the regional authority decided on Monday.

The Metropole du Grand Paris council said on its Twitter feed it had voted to ban diesel cars registered before Dec. 31, 2000 from the area within the A86 second ring-road, which includes Paris and 79 municipalities around it, a region with 5.61 million inhabitants.

The ban will use France’s new “Crit’Air” vignette system, which identifies cars’ age and pollution level with color-coded stickers. Cars with the Crit’Air 5 sticker (1997 to 2000-registered diesels) as well as cars without a sticker will be banned.

Paris,diesel
People cool themselves at the Trocadero Fountain in front of The Eiffel Tower in Paris on July 27, 2018, as a heatwave continues across northern Europe. VOA

The council plans to gradually tighten regulations in order to allow only electric or hydrogen-fueled cars on Greater Paris roads by 2030. In central Paris, pre-2000 diesels have been banned since July 2017.

Also Read: Paris Adopts Climate Action Plan, Aims At Achieving a ‘Zero Carbon’ Future

Fifteen French metropolitan areas including Lyon, Nice, Aix-Marseille and Toulouse last month agreed to install or reinforce low-emission zones by 2020. The French government hopes this will prevent European Union sanctions over non-respect of European air quality standards. (VOA)