Saturday August 18, 2018
Home India Unnatural dea...

Unnatural deaths mostly due to road accidents in India: Report

0
//
249
www.thenamopatrika.com
Republish
Reprint

By NewsGram Staff Writer

New Delhi: A report titled ‘National Health Profile 2015’ by the Central Bureau of Health Investigation revealed that road accidents claimed the highest number of lives in India while drowning and poisoning were some of the other major causes of unnatural deaths. The report said, a total of 166,506 people died in road accidents in 2013.

The report, giving accidental death statistics till 2013, showed that the number has seen a steady rise since 2005, when 118,265 people died on roads.

www.en.wikipedia.org
www.en.wikipedia.org

In 2013, while the number of people who drowned was 30041, a total of 29,249 lost their lives to poisoning.

Air crashes claimed the least number of people among unnatural causes of death. Six people died in air crashes in 2005, two died in 2006, 19 in 2008, 12 in 2008, 23 in 2010, 18 in 2011 and 14 in 2012. There were no deaths from air crashes in 2007.

The total number of deaths due to all unnatural causes in 2013 was 377,758.

An interesting data in the report is about people who died due to falls. A total of 9,132 people died due to falls in 2005 and 9,821 in 2006, numbers which again steadily climbed up to 12,803 in 2013.

In sharp contrast to this were deaths due to natural calamities which stood at 22,759. The number of all accidental and unnatural deaths in India climbed from 255,883 in 2000 to 400,517 in 2013.

Suicides rose from 108,593 in 2000 to 134,799 in 2013.

As compared to men, the number of women dying accidental deaths was less. While 87,847 women died due to accidents in 2013, a total of 312,670 men died.

As for suicides, the number of women who took their own lives at 44.256 was less than men, which stood at 88,453 in 2013.

(With inputs from IANS)

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2015 NewsGram

Next Story

A Vaccine Against Pneumonia And Meningitis Saves Million Children

"far too many deaths , about 900 every day, are still being caused by these two infections."

0
A child receives a meningitis vaccination at the community center in Al Neem camp for Internally Displaced People in El Daein, East Darfur, Oct. 8, 2012.
A child receives a meningitis vaccination at the community center in Al Neem camp for Internally Displaced People in El Daein, East Darfur, Oct. 8, 2012. VOA

A vaccine against bacterial pneumonia and another against meningitis have saved 1.45 million children’s lives this century, according to a new study.

The diseases the vaccines prevent are now concentrated in a handful of countries where the medications are not yet widely available or were only recently introduced, the research says.

Pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children worldwide. The bacteria targeted by the shots, Haemophilus influenzae type b (known as Hib) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), are major causes of pneumonia and also cause meningitis. Together, the two bacteria claimed nearly 1.1 million lives in 2000, before the vaccines were widely available, according to the World Health Organization.

Vaccines against the bacteria are not new, but funding to provide them in low-income countries only became available recently.

A baby with parents
A baby with parents, Pixabay

To estimate their impact, the researchers started with country-by-country data from the WHO on pneumonia and meningitis cases and deaths, as well as vaccine coverage estimates. They factored in data from dozens of clinical studies on infections caused by the two bacteria to create estimates of illness and death from the diseases in 2000 and 2015.

They found deaths from Hib fell by 90 percent in 2015, saving an estimated 1.2 million lives since 2000. Pneumococcus deaths fell by just over half, accounting for approximately 250,000 lives saved.

The research appears in the journal The Lancet Global Health.

“What was interesting was to see the rate at which some of these deaths have been prevented in the last several years,” said lead author Brian Wahl at Johns Hopkins University, “largely due to the availability of funding for these vaccines in countries with some of the highest burdens [of disease].”

The study estimates that 95 percent of the reduction in pneumococcal deaths occurred after 2010, when 52 low- and middle-income countries began receiving funding from Gavi, The Vaccine Alliance, to introduce the vaccine into their national immunization programs.

“The good news is that the numbers are moving in the right direction,” wrote Cynthia Whitney at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in an accompanying editorial.

Pneumonia in child
Pneumonia in child, flickr

However, Whitney added, “far too many deaths — about 900 every day — are still being caused by these two infections.”

She notes that more than 40 percent of the world’s children live in countries where pneumococcal vaccine is not a routine childhood immunization.

Many of the countries with the largest number of deaths from these two bacteria have recently introduced the vaccines, but coverage is uneven.

India, Nigeria, China and South Sudan had the highest rates of death from Hib, the study says. All but China have introduced the vaccine in the past few years.

Half of the world’s pneumococcal deaths occurred in just four countries: India, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Pakistan. All have recently introduced the vaccine, though in India it is a routine immunization in only three states.

Also read:AI tool accelerate diagnosis eye diseases

Lowering the global burden of these diseases will depend on improving coverage in these countries, the study says. (VOA)