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Uttarakhand: Cannabis cultivation legalized for industrial purposes

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Dehra Dun: Residents of Uttarakhand, except for those staying in regions of Terai and Bhabar, will now be able to cultivate cannabis, on the condition that it is grown only for industrial purposes, to be sold to the state government and not private parties.

The cannabis or hemp permitted to be grown will contain only 0.3 to 1.5 percent of THC (tetra hydro cannabinol), the chemical responsible for the ‘high’ when smoked.

“The normal ranges of THC content in plants that grow wild in Uttarakhand in abundance is four to five per cent and this is which makes it give a high when smoked and is illegal to cultivate”, said excise department officials, according to hillpost.

There has been a rise in international demands for hemp fibre, which is extremely strong and capable of carrying huge loads. China is currently leading the supply of industrial use hemp.

In Uttarakhand, where the need for cash crops is dropping, Chief Minister Harish Rawat realized that this move might entice villages to misuse the cultivated cannabis to bring in easier cash.

So, the chief secretary, along with other senior officials, have been directed to come up with proper guidelines by which, villagers would be provided with cannabis seeds with 0.3 to 1.5 per cent industrial rate THC content, and their produce would be collected by the state government.

The Vivekanand Research Centre situated in Almora, and Pant Nagar University, Uttarakhand’s renowned agricultural industry, will soon be asked to develop seeds having a THC level apt for industrial use. These seeds will then be handed over to villagers as a measure to prevent the growth of cannabis having an illegally high THC content.

The Chief Minister claimed that it was only under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act that villagers would be given the permission to grow. Moreover, strict enforcement of law will be carried out to make sure the cultivated cannabis is not used for intoxication purposes.

The Chief Minister also expressed hope that the growing demands for bio-fibre could lift the rural economy of the state.

 

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  • Ashish JOshi

    from where we will get licence and other information ?

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Here’s How Cannabis Affect Women

However, the human data so far is consistent with the idea that oestradiol regulates the female response to cannabinoids

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Cannabis
Why cannabis affects women different, Read here. Pixabay

Hormones could be the reason why cannabis affects women differently than men, brain studies on animals and humans suggest.

The studies showed that sex differences in response to cannabis are not just socio-cultural, but biological too.

The findings showed that men are up to four times more likely to try cannabis and use higher doses, more frequently.

“Male sex steroids increase risk-taking behaviour and suppress the brain’s reward system which could explain why males are more likely to try drugs including cannabis,” said Liana Fattore, Senior Researcher at the National Research Council of Italy.

“This is true for both natural male sex steroids like testosterone and synthetic steroids like nandrolone.”

But despite lower average cannabis use, women go from first hit to habit faster than men.

Marijuana, Canada
An employee inspects the leaf of a cannabis plant at a medical marijuana plantation in northern Israel. (VOA)

In fact, men and women differ not only in the prevalence and frequency of cannabis use, pattern and reasons of use, but also in the vulnerability to develop cannabis use disorder.

“Females seem to be more vulnerable, at a neurochemical level, in developing addiction to cannabis,” Fattore explained, in the paper published in the journal Frontiers in behavioural Neuroscience.

“As a result, the interactions between the endocannabinoid system and the brain level of dopamine — the neurotransmitter of “pleasure” and “reward” are sex-dependent.”

The inconsistency of conditions in these studies greatly complicates interpretation of an already complex role of sex hormones in the endocannabinoid system and cannabinoid sensitivity.

However, the human data so far is consistent with the idea that oestradiol regulates the female response to cannabinoids.

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As in animals, human males and females are diverse in their genetic and hormonally driven behaviour and they process information differently, perceive emotions in different ways and are differently vulnerable to develop drug addiction.

“Blood levels of enzymes which break down cannabinoids fluctuate across the human menstrual cycle, and imaging studies show that brain levels of cannabinoid receptors increase with ageing in females — mirroring in each case changes in oestradiol levels,” Fattore said. (IANS)