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Women suffering from Urinary Incontinence are at a Higher Risk of it getting worse after Childbirth: Study
London, November 10, 2016: Women who suffer from urinary incontinence are at a higher risk of it getting worse after childbirth, a study suggests.
According to the study, women who have not given birth are less likely to suffer from urinary incontinence compared to pregnant women.
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“Those who have urinary incontinence before a pregnancy are at higher risk of getting significantly worse after childbirth. This is a particularly vulnerable group and should, therefore, be attended to and counselled in antenatal care, and should be identified in maternal health,” said Maria Gyhagen, Researcher at the Gothenburg University, Sweden.
The study, published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, involved about 9,200 women aged 25-64 years who had never given birth. In the category of young women (25-35 years) with normal weight (BMI up to 25), 10 per cent said they had urinary incontinence.
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Among the oldest in the study (55-64 years) with a BMI over 35, almost every other woman experienced this type of incontinence. Seventeen per cent of women over 55 said they had to get up and urinate at least twice every night.
For those who reported incontinence, 25-30 per cent experienced their incontinence as bothersome.
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“The original purpose of the study was to measure the effects of pregnancy in itself and the potential protective effect of caesarean section. At the same time, we have collected the world’s first and most detailed data for this particular reference group,” Maria added.
The study confirms that problems are found in all groups, and that women have a weakness of the pelvic floor even if they have not previously given birth. (IANS)
The MHRA states that its surveillance data does not support a link between changes to menstrual periods and Covid-19 vaccines, since the number of reports is low in relation to both the number of people vaccinated and the prevalence of menstrual disorders generally. However, the way in which data is collected makes firm conclusions difficult, Male noted.
She argued that approaches better equipped to compare rates of menstrual changes in vaccinated versus unvaccinated populations are needed, and pointed to the study that the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) has undertaken. Indeed, the menstrual cycle may be affected by the body's immune response to the virus itself, with one study showing menstrual disruption in around a quarter of women infected with SARS-CoV2.
If a link between vaccination and menstrual changes is confirmed, this will allow individuals seeking vaccination to plan in advance for potentially altered cycles, Male contended. In the meantime, clinicians must encourage their patients to report any changes to periods or unexpected vaginal bleeding after vaccination. And anyone reporting a change in periods persisting over a number of cycles, or new vaginal bleeding after the menopause, should be managed according to the usual clinical guidelines for these conditions, she suggested. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: vaccine, menstrual cycle, period, covid, women, health
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(Article originally written by: N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
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Beak-shaped masks worn during the Great Plague of London Image source: wikimedia commons
Children are often seen forming circles by holding hands and reciting loudly,
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An illustration of the Great Plague of London, 1665 Image source: wikimedia commons
Keywords: Rhymes, Ringa-ringa-roses, Great Plague of London, WWII, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Folklore