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World Bank shareholders endorse capital increase plan

Following the capital increase plan announced Saturday, the combined financing arms of the World Bank

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World Bank's prompt decission to pause two seperate projects with India nad Pakistan came after India's objection against it
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The World Bank has said its shareholders endorsed a capital increase package, a series of internal reforms, and a set of policy measures to strengthen the international lender’s capabilities.

The $13 billion capital increase package includes $7.5 billion of paid-in capital for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the group’s primary lending arm, and $5.5 billion for the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the group’s private sector lending arm, said the World Bank in a statement on Saturday, Xinhua reported.

World BAnk shareholders to have better plans.

World Bank shareholders also endorsed a $52.6 billion callable capital increase for IBRD, the statement said.

“Through the historic agreement endorsed today, our shareholders have clearly demonstrated a renewed confidence in global cooperation,” World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim said.

“This capital package allows for greater responsiveness to risks to global stability and security, particularly in poorer countries and fragile states,” Kim added.

Following the capital increase plan announced Saturday, the combined financing arms of the World Bank are expected to reach an average annual capacity of nearly $100 billion between fiscal year 2019 and fiscal year 2030, said the World Bank. Kim said at a press briefing this week that the capital increase package doesn’t target changes of loans to any specific country.

Also Read: India will become High-Middle Income Country by 2047, says World Bank CEO

“It’s about how we think about income levels and how the World Bank Group can continue to be a partner and to support all of our member countries who are still clients,” he argued. He said that the multilateral lender would increase lending to lower middle-income countries over time. IANS

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World could see 140mn climate migrants by 2050: Report

World Bank Chief Executive Officer Kristalina Georgieva said the new research provides a wake-up call to countries and development institutions

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climate change is happening at a quickened pace and thus leading to melting of huge ice bergs
climate change is happening at a quickened pace and thus leading to melting of huge ice bergs
  • Three regions can witness migration due to climate change
  • The regions also include South Asia
  • It is important to take measures to control climate change

Three densely populated regions of the world, including South Asia, could see internal climate migrants of over 140 million people in the next three decades if climate change impacts continue, a new World Bank Group report finds.

The report, “Groundswell — Preparing for Internal Climate Migration”, released on Monday, finds that unless urgent climate and development action is taken globally and nationally, the three regions — Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America — together could be dealing with tens of millions of internal climate migrants by 2050.

World can witness migration of many due to climate change. VOA
World can witness migration of many due to climate change. VOA

These people will be forced to move from increasingly non-viable areas of their countries due to growing problems like water scarcity, crop failure, sea-level rise and storm surges.

The “climate migrants” would be an addition to the millions of people already moving within their countries for economic, social, political or other reasons, the report warns. The exodus could create a looming humanitarian crisis and will threaten the development process.

Also Read: Climate change driving dramatic rise in sea levels: NASA

However, with concerted actions — including global efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions and robust development planning at the country level — this scenario could be dramatically reduced by up to 80 per cent or more than 100 million people.

The report is the first and most comprehensive study of its kind to focus on the nexus between slow-onset climate change impacts, internal migration patterns and, development in these three developing regions of the world.

World Bank Chief Executive Officer Kristalina Georgieva said the new research provides a wake-up call to countries and development institutions. “We have a small window now, before the effects of climate change deepen, to prepare the ground for this new reality,” Georgieva said.

It is important to control climate change now.

“Steps cities take to cope with the upward trend of arrivals from rural areas and to improve opportunities for education, training and jobs will pay long-term dividends. It’s also important to help people make good decisions about whether to stay where they are or move to new locations where they are less vulnerable.”

The research team, led by World Bank Lead Environmental Specialist Kanta Kumari Rigaud, include researchers and modellers from CIESIN Columbia University, CUNY Institute of Demographic Research, and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

Also Read: Maharashtra’s climate action plan yielded disappointments

They applied a multi-dimensional modelling approach to estimate the potential scale of internal climate migration across the three regions. They looked at three potential climate change and development scenarios, comparing the most “pessimistic” (high greenhouse gas emissions and unequal development paths), to “climate-friendly” and “more inclusive development” scenarios in which climate and national development action increases in line with the challenge. Across each scenario, they applied demographic, socio-economic and climate impact data at a 14 sq.km grid-cell level to model likely shifts in population within countries.

This approach identified major “hotspots” of climate in- and out-migration – areas from which people are expected to move and urban, peri-urban and rural areas to which people will try to move to build new lives and livelihoods. “Without the right planning and support, people migrating from rural areas into cities could be facing new and even more dangerous risks,” the report added. IANS