The government of India has made a blue-print for the expansion of Yoga and Naturopathy in the country. Shripad Yesso Naik, Minister of State, AYUSH(IC), in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha announced about the establishment of three autonomous organizations namely, Morarji Desai National Institute for Yoga (MDNIY) in New Delhi; National Institute for Naturopathy (NIN) in Pune and Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy(CCRYN) in New Delhi.
These organisations have been established with the mandate to impart education and undertake research for scientific validation of the outcomes, thereby enhancing the acceptability of these systems. The recent initiative of the Government has succeeded in adoption of 21st June, as the International Day of Yoga. The Government has decided to celebrate the day in a befitting manner all over the world.
Various steps have been taken in advance which include Bachelors, Diploma and Certificate courses in MDNIY, Naturopathy as a treatment method in Out Patient Department (OPD), and co-location of AYUSH facilities at various health centers at state and district levels.
Besides this, Ministry of AYUSH also promotes Yoga & Naturopathy by carrying out campaigns through print and electronic media. AROGYA fairs at National and State level are organized to make public aware of the benefits of AYUSH systems of medicine including Yoga & Naturopathy. The Ministry under its Central Sector Schemes of Information Education and Communication (IEC) and International Co-operation extends financial assistance to State Governments and other reputed Government/ Non Governmental Organizations/ Universities for conducting National/ International seminars/ workshops/ symposiums to promote Yoga & Naturopathy.
The Government encourages research on Yoga and Naturopathy by providing grants under Extra Mural Research scheme to research organizations to give further impetus to research.
There is an argument by some Hindu liberals thinking “what the problem in it”? They think our knowledge is globalized by West in the same way we consume inventions of the West. But it’s a very naïve argument.
Colonial or a white supremacy mind set may be clever enough to adopt Hindu practices but denies giving credit where it is due. Stealing Hindu Intellectual Property, they do not hesitate to rename and repackage so that they can sell it back to India for immense profits. Off course, they will leave no chance to tell Indians to stop their superstitious ways and to adopt the new scientific knowledge which “they” have “invented”.
Following has been already digested or appropriated by West. Some of the Western academics don’t believe that they belong to India.
Yoga Nidra AS Lucid Dreaming
Nadi Shodhana AS Alternate Nostrils Breathing
Vipassana AS Mindfulness.
The latest addition to this list is
Pranamyam AS Cardiac Coherence Breathing
Several researchers have reported that pranayama techniques are beneficial in treating a range of stress-related disorders. But the latest attempt has taken the appropriation too far. An American magazine “Scientific American” in its article titled “Proper Breathing Brings Better health” termed “Pranayama” as cardiac coherence breathing. (15 January 2019). The article gives us an idea about how West is so sophisticated in stealing knowledge from ancient cultures particularly Hinduism.
Prāṇāyāma is mentioned in verse 4.29 of the Bhagavad Gītā. According to Bhagavad-Gītā As It Is, prāṇāyāma is translated to “trance induced by stopping all breathing”, also being made from the two separate Sanskrit words, prāṇa and āyām. Pranayama is the fourth “limb” of the eight limbs of Ashtanga Yoga mentioned in verse 2.29 in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Patanjali, a Hindu Rishi, discusses his specific approach to pranayama in verses 2.49 through 2.51, and devotes verses 2.52 and 2.53 to explaining the benefits of the practice. Many yoga teachers advise that pranayama should be part of an overall practice that includes the other limbs of Patanjali’s Raja Yoga teachings, especially Yama, Niyama, and Asana.
“Pranayama” a department of Yogic science practiced and documented 5000 years back ( even 15,000 years back) by Rishis is not even acknowledged by the author of the article. If one read the article they vaguely suggest that breathing exercises also existed in China, Hindu and in Greek culture. This is how appropriation of ancient techniques takes place by West. As Sankrat Sanu an entrepreneur, researcher and writer put it in his tweet “after erasing the origin they claim it as their own invention, attack original traditions as Superstition”.
As famous Indian American Author Rajiv Malhotra summarizes: “The article standardizes cardiac coherence breathing as Chinese, Hindu, Greek and various traditions as equal origins, and then modern West turns it into science”. Its time Indians in general and Hindus in particular should be vigilant and should have an academic mind set to respond to such misadventures to protect our own heritage and Dharma.
There is an argument by some Hindu liberals thinking “what the problem in it”? They think our knowledge is globalized by West in the same way we consume inventions of the West. But it’s a very naïve argument. West has created an eco system and mechanism in which their knowledge system is Well protected and patented by international norms. Unless West does not give a new name and fits into their framework native wisdom is not recognized in academia and media. Whereas Hindus were generous in sharing their health techniques freely from millennium never thought they will struggle in proving things which belong to them. In fact in a westernized framework of Yoga and other techniques Indian scholars, insiders and practitioners are blatantly ignored. So our own knowledge will be repackaged and exported back to us at an extra price and conditions.
Many of our practices are being called to be Biofeedback systems. According to WikipediaBiofeedback systems have been known in India and some other countries for millennia. Ancient Hindu practices like yoga and Pranayama (breathing techniques) are essentially biofeedback methods. Many yogis and sadhus have been known to exercise control over their physiological processes. In addition to recent research on Yoga, Paul Brunton, the British writer who travelled extensively in India, has written about many cases he has witnessed. (Hindu Council Of Australia)