Delhi, Dec 22, 2016: There goes a very old saying that one can find God in any corner on the Earth. But, there have been erected some magnificent spiritual structures all across the Earth which has left many devotees spellbound. Here is a list of some of the most beautiful and largest spiritual structures across the globe:
- Akshardham Temple
The current head of Swaminarayan Hinduism, Pramukh Swami Maharaj inspired and moderated the building. The central monument is 43 meters (141 feet) high, 96 meters (316 feet) wide, and 110 meters (370 feet) long. The architecture style of the building comprises of Rajasthani pink sandstone and Italian Carrara marble and has no support from steel or concrete. The construction of Akshardham Temple was completed by 2005.
The Romans built three temples in Baalbek over two centuries: Jupiter, Bacchus and Venus. The temple of Jupiter is the largest temple in the Roman empire and it is lined by 54 massive granite columns. Only 6 of these titanic columns remain standing but even they are incredibly impressive. The best preserved temple at the site is the Temple of Bacchus built in 150 AD. The temple is 69 meters long and 36 meters wide. Its walls are adorned by 42 Corinthian columns, 19 of which remain upright in position standing 19 meters (62 feet) high.
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- The Temple of Saint Sava
The Temple of Saint Sava is the largest church in the world. The church is 91 meters (299 feet) long from and 81 meters (266 feet) wide. It is 70 meters (230 feet) tall, with the main gold-plated cross on top of the dome extends the church for 12 more meters (39 feet). It has a surface area of 3,500 m2 on the ground floor. The construction of this church started in 1985 and was almost completed by 2004. However, the internal decoration of the church is not yet complete.
Jetavanaramaya, built by king Mahasena in the 3rd century AD took 15 years to complete. It has a height of 122 meters (400 feet), Jetavanaramaya was the third tallest structure in the world behind the pyramids of Giza at the time of its completion. The diameter of the dome itself is approximately 95 meters (312 feet). It is located in the city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
- Temple of Christ the Saviour
It was originally commissioned after the defeat of Napoleon, but construction did not begin until 1839. In 1931 it was blown to pieces by orders of Stalin to make way for a proposed Palace of the Soviets, which was never built. In 1990, the Russian Orthodox Church received permission to rebuilt the cathedral. The cathedral was completed in 2000 is the tallest Orthodox church in the world. It is one of the most controversial building in Moscow and has had a turbulent history.
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- Sri Ranganathaswamy
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam is the largest functioning Hindu temple complex in the world. It is spread over an area of 156 acres (6,31,000 m²). The oldest structure of the temple dates back to the 10th century. There are 21 gopurams (tower), among which the Rajagopuram is the biggest temple in South India. It is 73 meters (240 feet) in height, and dates from the 17th century, although it was only completed in 1987.
- Tikal (Temple IV)
Tikal was the largest Mayan city between ca. 200 to 900 AD with an estimated population between 100,000 and 200,000 inhabitants. Tikal has 6 large step pyramids from which the largest is Temple IV which is some 72 meters (230 feet) high and was finished around 720 AD. It is the tallest pre-Columbian structure in the Americas although the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan may originally have been taller, as may have been one of the jungle covered pyramids at El Mirador..
Located on the Indonesian island of Java, 40 km (25 miles) northwest of Yogyakarta, the Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. The Borobodur can be divided into three groups: base, body, and top, which resembles the three major division of a human body. The base is a 123×123 meters (403.5×403.5 feet) square in size and 4 meters (13 feet) high of walls. The total surface area is approximately 2,500 m2. The body is composed of 5 square platforms each with diminishing heights. The top is a monumental stupa with a main dome at the center . The dome has a height of 35 meters (115 feet) from the ground level.
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- Angkor Wat Temple
The Angkor temple stands on a raised terrace above the rest of the city. It is made of three rectangular galleries rising to a central tower, each level higher than the last. The outer gallery of the Angkor Wat temple measures 187 x 215 meters (614 x 705 feet). After this, the next two galleries are connected to each other. On the second level, it measures 100 x 115 meters (328 x 377 feet). The inner gallery is a 60 x 60 meter (197 x 197 feet) square area. The tower above the central shrine rises 65 meters (213 feet) above the ground.
- Karnak (Great Hypostyle Hall)
Karnak actually consists of several temples. One of most famous structures of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall, a hall area of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft). The 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows supported a roof that has now fallen. At a height of 24 meters (80 feet) the 2 middle rows are higher than the others.
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