Saturday January 25, 2020

Exercise may become anti-cancer therapy in future

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For the first time international clinical trial has been evaluating the effect of intense physical exercise on the body to improve survival of men with advanced prostate cancer is underway.

Physical exercise has a direct effect on cancer — as effective as drugs — for treating patients with prostate cancer even in advanced stages of the disease said Dr Fred Saad, urologist-oncologist and researcher at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM)

“Typical patients with metastases often become sedentary. It is thought that this affects cancer progression,” he said.

Together with Robert Newton, professor at the Edith Cowan University Exercise Medicine Research Institute in Australia, Dr Saad is leading the first international study which aims to demonstrate that exercise literally extends the life of patients with metastatic prostate cancer.

Normally, patients at this stage have a life expectancy of two to three years.

“We want to reduce mortality by at least 22 percent, which represents about six months of longer survival. This is the equivalent benefit of a new drug. Exercise could therefore supplement available treatments, inexpensively,” said Dr Saad.

The study has already started in Ireland and Australia. In the coming weeks, some 60 hospitals across the world will begin recruiting patients. In total, nearly 900 men with advanced prostate cancer will participate.

“We will study exercise as if it were a drug added to standard treatments. All patients will be treated within the latest scientific knowledge for this type of cancer,” he explained.

The team has designed a specific strength and cardiovascular training programme for patients in the “exercise” group.They will have an hour of aerobic and resistance training three times a week.

An exercise specialist will supervise them for the first 12 months, and then they will continue without direct supervision. They will be evaluated for quality of life, appetite, and treatment tolerance in relation to their improved physical condition.

The Theory is that cancer progression is directly affected by exercise in addition it also helps patient tolerate therapy better

Overview of the Phase 3 clinical trial will be presented by Dr Saad at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting in Chicago from June 3-7.

-by Bhaskar Raghavendran

Bhaskar is a graduate in Journalism and mass communication from Amity school of communication, Noida. Contact the author at Twitter: bhaskar_ragha

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  • Pritam Go Green

    Many scientists have proved that the power of yoga and exercise is much more than that of medicines. So yes people should definitely be taught the benefits of doing a regular exercise, Since it can cure dangerous diseases such as Cancer etc.

  • Akanksha Sharma

    Exercise can improve your health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like diabetes, cancer and several heart diseases.

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  • Pritam Go Green

    Many scientists have proved that the power of yoga and exercise is much more than that of medicines. So yes people should definitely be taught the benefits of doing a regular exercise, Since it can cure dangerous diseases such as Cancer etc.

  • Akanksha Sharma

    Exercise can improve your health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like diabetes, cancer and several heart diseases.

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Reported Deaths from New Coronavirus Probably an Underestimation: WHO

WHO Expects Coronavirus Cases, Deaths to Escalate

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China Outbreak coronavirus
People wear masks to protect themselves from coronavirus on a street in Hong Kong. VOA

By Lisa Schlein

The World Health Organization says the number of reported cases and deaths from the new coronavirus is probably an underestimation. The latest reports put the number of confirmed cases at 830, including 26 deaths.

Most of the infections and all of the deaths have occurred in China. A small number of coronavirus cases have been reported in seven other countries, including the United States. All have been mild, and all of those patients have recovered.

World Health Organization spokesman Tarik Jasarevic says it is too early to draw conclusions about the severity of the coronavirus.

“Because at the beginning of any outbreak, you would focus more on the severe cases and you will have more of those and then maybe we are missing some mild cases because people will just be a little bit sick and will not be ever tested and they will recover,” Jasarevic said. “We may see more mild cases as surveillance intensifies. So, the issue is not really so much on numbers that we know that will go up.”

CHINA-HEALTH-VIRUS
People travelling for the Lunar New Year wear protective masks as they head to the departure area at the Beijing Capital International Airport in Beijing. VOA

Michael Ryan, the executive director of the WHO’s health emergencies program, says there is no particular treatment for this new pneumonia-like coronavirus.

“There have been a number of compounds that have been used in the fight against coronavirus, but it is very important to recognize that there is no recognized effective therapeutic against coronaviruses,” he said. “However, there are potential clinical trials that can be done with agents and that is what we are focused on right now — identifying other therapeutic agents and opportunities to test new drugs.”

Also Read- High-Protein Diets May Increase Heart Attack Risk: Study

On Thursday, a WHO expert committee decided not to declare the coronavirus a public health emergency of international concern. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus noted the virus was an emergency in China, but had not yet become a global health emergency.

He did, however, add the WHO was ready to reconvene another emergency meeting to review the decision if the evolution of the epidemic warranted a re-examination. (VOA)