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10 Women Rights that every women should be privy to

Rights to swear by for lifetime of a woman

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Highlights

  • A woman is accused of being wrong when she approaches any form of law and order
  • Women Rights will help women to take a stance and fight against the crime

Feb 27, 2017: There are no second thoughts to it that we live in a patriarchal society, a society where women are condemned, critically abused, and controlled by men. While men do not take any responsibility of a woman next to her, it becomes requisite for a woman to take a firm stance for herself. Crimes occur every second of the minute and no woman is considered safe in India. However, there have been some laws that do away with women harassment. But laws merely do not suffice unless there is an awareness about it. And so to help women of the country face up to challenges posed by the society, we make an effort to help you retain some of the paramount laws that every woman should know.

  1. Right to privacy

Under section 164 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the cops will have to give the privacy to the victim without exposing her in front of the public. A woman who has been sexually assaulted has a right to record her statement in private without being overheard by anyone else. She can also record her statement with a lady constable or a police officer in personal. Privacy establishes a sense of freedom to be oneself without a fear of getting judged and gain access to one’s body without feeling uncovered.

2. Right to Equality

Under Article 15(1), the state shall not discriminate against any citizen of India on the ground of sex. In addition to it, there shouldn’t be any discrimination on the grounds of sex when it comes to salary as according to the provisions of Equal Remuneration Act.

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3. Right against Dowry

Dowry prohibition act of 1961 is one of the most talked about rights of a woman. And is still a prevalent issue our society is grappling with. As per this right, the bride can file a case against her in-laws for coercing her to give dowry.

4. Right against Sexual Harassment at workplace

The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act (2013) provides protection to women from sexual harassment at all workplaces. As per this act, any organization that has over 10 employees must have a sexual harassment committee. This act vividly specifies that criticizing, insulting, rebuking or condemning a female employee in front of other employees also acclaim to sexual harassment.

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5.  Right against indecent Representation of Women

This Act forbids indecent representation of women through any print media or a visual media.

6. Right against Domestic Violence

A domestic abuse could be anything from tormenting mentally to bruising physically. The right gives protection against Domestic abuse of any kind to a married woman, women in live-in relationships and a woman living in joint family.

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7. Right to discontinue pregnancy

The right allows women to terminate pregnancy after consulting with medical practitioners on moral grounds under Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act of 1994

8. Right to Divorce

The Indian Divorce Act of 1969 allows the cessation of marriage through mutual consent of both the partners. Courts are established to file, hear, and dispose of such cases.

9. Right to virtual complaints

As stated by this right a woman has the prerogative of lodging a complaint via email or registered post. A woman can send a verbal complaint through an email or post addressed to Commissioner of Police, if for some unavoidable circumstance she could not go to the police station. The police can then come over to the residence of the victim to take her statement.

10. Right to no arrest

A woman cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise. There have been many cases of women being harassed by the police in dark time hours and thus this exercise is avoided now. However, in matters of grave concern, a letter signed by the magistrate is required explaining the urgency of the arrest.


Obtain power and by all means, power is a law of man – make it yours.

-prepared by Naina Mishra. Twitter-@Nainamishr94

 

 

 

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India Can Really Take An Ostrich Approach To The Condition Of Women?

A total of 548 global experts on women’s issues , 43 of them from India

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BJP Leader Asks Parents Of A Rape Victim To Express Gratitude To Them
Can India Really Take An Ostrich Approach To The Condition Of Women?. Flickr

-By Deepa Gahlot

You read with a mixture of alarm and scepticism, the poll report by the London-based Thomson Reuters Foundation that India is the most dangerous country in the world for women, beating Afghanistan, Syria, Somalia, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan.

According to reports, a total of 548 global experts on women’s issues — 43 of them from India — were asked about risks faced by women in six areas: healthcare, access to economic resources and discrimination, customary practices, sexual violence, nonsexual violence, and human trafficking. And shockingly, India comes out as the worst!

We see women progressing in every field in India, but, there is also the increasing violence against women and young girls reported every day; not long ago, female tourists felt safe in India; but now, women travelling solo are constantly targeted. Everyday there are reports of the rapes and murders of minor girls, often accompanied by unimaginable torture and mutilation.

There has been outrage in India, and also holes punctured in the survey that has such a small number of respondents, but can we really take an ostrich approach to the condition of women? Even as education and healthcare improve for women — at least in metro cities — the contempt for women is socially and culturally ingrained in the Indian psyche. In a city like Mumbai considered progressive and relatively safe for women, the girl child is unwanted even by many educated and wealthy families. In spite of laws being in place, female foeticide and infanticide is rampant, to the extent that there are large territories where there are no girl children and brides for the men have to be ‘imported’ from other states.  As dowry murders and rapes rise, the more unwanted the girl child becomes.  The fact is that India’s gender ratio is deplorable.

And if the male child is valued over the girl child, he grows up believing that he is special and if he is thwarted in any way, he can resort to violence. In spite of education and exposure to progressive ideas, in the case of rape or sexual violence, the tendency to blame and shame the victim persists.

To give just one small example, in the West, accusations of sexual harassment resulted in united shunning of a man as powerful as Harvey Weinstein and many others in the wake of the #MeToo movement, that helped many women speak out about their experiences.

In India, Malayalam actor Dileep, who has been accused in the abduction and rape of an actress, and was boycotted by the Association of Malayalam Movie Artistes (AMMA), was recently reinstated. This caused shock and dismay among women in the film industry.

A statement by a group of over 150 women film practitioners says it like it is, “A body that is meant to represent artistes of the Malayalam movie industry showed complete disregard for its own member who is the victim of this gross crime. Even before the case has reached its conclusion, AMMA has chosen to validate a person accused of a very serious crime against a colleague. We condemn this cavalier attitude by artistes against women artistes who are working alongside them. There is misogyny and gender discrimination embedded in this action.

“We admired and supported the Women in Cinema Collective that was formed by women film artistes in Kerala in the aftermath of the abduction and molestation of a colleague, a top star in the industry. We applaud the WCC members who have walked out of AMMA to protest the chairman’s invitation to reinstate the accused. We pledge our continued support to the Women in Cinema Collective who are blazing a trail to battle sexism in the film industry.

“Cinema is an art form that can challenge deeply entrenched violence and discrimination in society. It is distressing to see an industry that stands amongst the best in the country and has even made a mark in world cinema choose to shy away from using their position and their medium responsibly at this important moment. Today, women form a significant part of the film and media industries, we reject any attempt at silencing us and making us invisible.”

The Gujarat elections have brought the BJP and the Congress in close contest with each other.
Indian women. VOA

The preference for male children has had some unexpected ramifications. In a working paper published by the American non-profit, National Bureau of Economic Research, by Northwestern University’s Seema Jayachandran and Harvard University’s Rohini Pande (quoted in Quartz Media), finds that stunting in Indian children could also be blamed on the cultural preference for sons.

“In India, on average, the first child — if he is a son — doesn’t suffer from stunting. But, if the first — and so the eldest — child of the family is a girl, she suffers from a height deficit. And, then, if the second child is a boy, and hence the eldest son of the family, he will not be stunted. This happens because of an unequal allocation of resources to the first child”.

According to the report, “When Jayachandran and Pande compared India and Africa results through this lens, they found that the Indian first and eldest son tends to be taller than an African firstborn. If the eldest child of the family is a girl, and a son is born next, the son will still be taller in India than Africa. For girls, however, the India-Africa height deficit is large. It is the largest for daughters with no older brothers, probably because repeated attempts to have a son takes a beating on the growth of the girls.”

Also read: Has Legal Framework Turned a Blind Eye towards Under-representation of Women in Indian Politics?

In spite of all the Beti Padhao, Beti Bachao rhetoric, the required shift in the male-centric attitude towards a more egalitarian one is simply not happening; or, it is a case of one step forward, two steps backward. The Thomson Reuters Foundation report may be unfair and skewed, but being known as the rape capital of the world does nothing to improve the image of India in the world or even in its own eyes. (IANS)