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13-year-old delivers baby in school washroom in Andhra Pradesh

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(Representational Image)

Hyderabad: In a shocking incident, a 13-year-old student delivered a baby inside a school washroom in Andhra Pradesh on Saturday, leaving her teachers, other staff and friends flabbergasted.

The incident happened in a government school in the Madhapur area of Hyderabad on Saturday when the grade 9 student reportedly first complained of a stomach ache, after which her teacher sent her to the washroom along with a classmate, NDTV reported.

When the classmate returned, she reported that the girl had delivered a baby. The girl’s parents were then summoned to the school.

Surprisingly, no one, including 13 teachers, had noticed that the girl was expecting a baby.

”She is very slim and would walk with a dupatta on her stomach and she would sit with her bag on her lap, so we didn’t know,” said the girl’s teacher.

According to reports, the girl was allegedly raped by a neighbour, but a rape case was lodged only after the incident became public on Monday.

The district education officer said that the student’s parents may have been aware of her pregnancy but fearing social stigma were reluctant to tell anyone.

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Tips to Overcome Pandemic Effects During Pregnancy

Pregnant women should stay healthy, calm and safe during pregnancy in current times

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Pregnancy might be a little more difficult compared to the earlier times because of the ongoing pandemic. Pixabay

As social distancing and staying at home have become the “new normal” in the current scenario, it is important during pregnancy to keep a calm mind, continue their checkups with doctors on online sessions, and be open about their concerns, say experts according to Health Tips.

“With all the uncertainty around, one of the best things that you can do is be positive and practice ways that will help ensure your and your baby’s well-being,” said Dr. Prathibha Babshet, Ayurveda Expert, R&D, The Himalaya Drug Company.

“This is possible by taking care of your mental health and keeping a calm mind. Pregnancy during the pandemic is certainly hard but not impossible. It is advisable to stay home as much as possible to avoid crowded spaces and follow social distancing and hygiene guidelines,” she said.

While pregnancy care may look a little different now than it used to earlier, here are a few tips to approach these changes:

Try to establish a daily routine of activities in a way that it becomes a new normal in your life. From your diet, meditation, and yoga, to skin care, getting adequate sleep, and regular medical checkups, make a list of all the things you do in a day and prioritise them.

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Establish a daily routine and schedule for yourself. Pixabay

If you need to step out for work or a checkup, remember to maintain social distancing and wear a mask and carry a sanitizer, as this can help reduce the risk of exposure to germs and bacteria.

Frequent checkups during pregnancy is vital for the mother and baby. So, check with your gynaecologist on online sessions for these checkups. If you are due to deliver, understand and be open about the delivery options and post-natal care.

As pregnancy skin care is an important aspect of your motherhood phase, include massages and moisturisation in your daily routine to help deal with common pregnancy skin concerns, Babshet said.

Indulge in a soothing massage using a massage oil; this will help promote blood circulation. You can also opt for a body butter that will help with dry skin issues. Whatever routine you follow, do remember to use products containing herbal actives and that are free from chemicals, she added.

Your baby gets nutrients from what you eat. Avoid binge-eating. Make it a priority to stick to a balanced diet including fruits and vegetables, and drink at least 8-10 glasses of water.

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One should take extra care of their diet during pregnancy and take balanced diet for the good health of the offspring. Pixabay

If you enjoy cooking, look up simple recipes online for a healthy immune system.

Manage your stress in different ways — practice breathing exercises to calm yourself and indulge in new hobbies or rediscover old ones. You can also take online courses on playing an instrument, learning a new language, or anything you have always wanted to do. You may also enjoy planning things for your baby’s arrival, like decorating a nursery.

Also Read: Ways to go Sustainable While Maintaining Menstrual Hygiene

Talk to your doctor if you are anxious about your baby being exposed to the virus during breastfeeding. Always clean your nipple area before and after breastfeeding. Sanitise your hands, and the place around your baby, frequently.

In addition to following these tips, read and be aware of the potential symptoms of the virus and take preventive measures.

Avoid reading negative news about the current situation, which might cause anxiety.

Instead, use the screen time to talk to your friends and family, or watch something you enjoy. This will keep you happy and occupied. (IANS)

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Motherhood in The Times of COVID-19

Things to keep in mind for expecting mothers in the time of COVID-19

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Expecting mothers are facing a tough challenge due to pandemic. Pixabay

BY SFOORTI MISHRA

Becoming a mother is one of the most phenomenal events in a woman’s life. Nothing gives her more joy than holding her baby in her arms. But for some women it is a challenging time to become a mother during the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus pandemic. Fear, anxiety and feeling of uncertainty have gripped them during this otherwise happy time.

Sanaa Firoz, who has recently attained motherhood, told IANS that delivering a child during coronavirus pandemic was very tough. I couldn’t visit the hospital as there was lockdown. I had some complications also.” Thanks to technology, she was constantly in touch with her gynecologist. “I was constantly in touch with my gynecologist through video calls. My doctor during this period acted as my best friend. She helped me to have a safe and happy pregnancy. Now, we both mother and child are healthy and safe.”

Another new mother Tulisha Sengupta told IANS that delivering a baby amid a pandemic was quite stressful. “It was quite stressful for me to give birth to my child during Covid-19. My husband and I were super worried and that also led my blood pressure to shoot up. My doctor helped me calm down by making me do breathing exercises. I gave birth to a healthy baby girl early this month and doctors suggested to us how to take care of the baby. They suggested a few guidelines — washing hands frequently, minimum meet and greet sessions for the baby with other family members, and keeping the house clean. We both are healthy and safe now.”

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Pandemic pregnancy is a real challenge. Pixabay

Speaking to IANS, doctor Sanchita Dube Ghonge, Consultant, Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Motherhood Hospital, said the ongoing pandemic of novel coronavirus and the lockdown measures have created a global crisis of unprecedented dimensions. Becoming parents during the ongoing crisis is even more challenging and likely to be distressful.

“The expecting couples are overwhelmed with the concerns related to the safety of their unborn or newly born child during the present circumstances. The parents are anxious about the repeated visits to their gynecologists, especially during the third trimester of pregnancy, as they have to convince the police personnel every time they cross the lockdown barricades.

The situation is even worse in the containment zones, as few hospitals also ask for additional tests, when the patients from such zones visit a hospital for the delivery.”

Ghonge also said that most couples are not able to look forward to supporting from their parents as most of them are not able to travel. “The unborn fetuses will certainly not wait for the unlocking orders from the government for their arrivals into this world. The fear of COVID-19 mixed with the uncertainties of the lockdown is likely to have an impact over the mother’s mental health,” she said.

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Motherhood in the times of this Pandemic is challenging for expecting moms. Pixabay

“It is, however, important for couples to remain stable and unperturbed. They need to act with conviction without any fears. They should regularly contact their gynecologists on phone and follow the advice, accordingly,” the doctor suggested, adding “the expecting mother should find time to focus on lifestyle measures for better physical and mental health. Balanced diet with appropriate nutrition and hydration is important along with required physical activity.

“Yoga, Meditation and mindfulness are likely to enhance the immune system and will also take care of undue anxiety,” Ghonge said.

Also Read: Surprise your Mothers with These Yummy Treats on Mothers’ Day

She hopes that the babies, born and surviving during this time, will be stronger and tougher in the future. “With high hopes that COVID-19 pandemic soon goes down the history as a triumph of human’s indomitable spirit and determination. The stories of such couples who become parents amidst COVID-19 pandemic will always provide strength to coming generations. The newborn babies during COVID-19 pandemic will certainly be stronger and tougher.” (IANS)

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5 Risks Associated With Smoking During Pregnancy

Smoking during pregnancy can be dangerous

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Smoking during pregnancy can be dangerous for both the mother and offspring. Pixabay

Remember, there is no such thing as a safe amount of smoking. Every puff of a cigarette releases harmful chemicals that effect both the baby and the mother. Smoking anytime during the pregnancy is harmful.

Quit Smoking before you are pregnant and have started planning a pregnancy or if you haven’t done that quit as soon as possible during pregnancy.

Second hand smoking is as dangerous as first hand smoking; and nicotine in E-Cigarette are equally harmful for baby.

The danger of smoking during pregnancy includes a higher incidence risk of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, preterm birth and placental abruption, low birth weight babies and increased rate of neonatal mobility and mortality, congenital malformations. There is an increased chance of visual and hearing impairment, mental disability, cerebral palsy and sudden infant death syndrome.

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Quit Smoking before you are pregnant and have started planning a pregnancy . Pixabay

The nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar in cigarette are responsible for these harmful effects. Newer studies shown that in utero exposure to smoking also has long term neonatal adverse outcomes such as impaired neurological development, endocrine dysfunction and oncogenesis. These continue to manifest in early as well as late childhood. Post- Delivery harmful effects on baby’s health are sudden infant death syndrome, attention deficit hyper activity (ADHD) disorder and poor academic performance in school.

Carbon Monoxide in cigarette smoke gets absorbed in the maternal body and rapidly binds to hemoglobin forms carboxyhemoglobin a baseline carboxyhemoglobin of 4 percent – 8percent; this is in contrast to nonsmokers who have an average of 0 percent – 1 percent of carboxyhemoglobin. These lower the oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin which leads to impaired oxygen delivery to the uterine muscle and feto placental unit, leading to impaired fetal growth and preterm birth.

The tar content in cigarette smoke forms a residue on the mucus membrane and lungs of the smokers. Tar contains the majority of carcinogens compounds which interfere with biochemical pathway. These lead to an increase in miscarriage and fetal growth problems and fetal teratogenic effects. The heavy metal cadmium in cigarette smoke is known to accumulate in the placenta circulation leading to fetal growth restriction.

Long term health risks for the baby have also been seen in women who smoked during pregnancy. These babies are more prone to cold, cough, lung problem, learning disabilities and physical growth problems which can be more severe if a mother continues to smoke after the baby is born.

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The danger of smoking during pregnancy includes a higher incidence risk of miscarriage. Pixabay

5 dangers of smoking during pregnancy

1.) Miscarriage and still birth due to effect of cigarette smoke on feto placental circulation.

2.) Ectopic pregnancy due to effect of nicotine on contraction in the fallopian tube.

Read More: Bride in Waiting? Don’t Let that Excitement Die Down, Here’s How

3.) Placental abruption, this is a condition in which placenta separates from the uterus before the birth of the baby causing severe bleeding and endangering life of mother and baby. Placenta previa which means placenta remain in the lower part of the uterus completely or partially this is associated with bleeding problems during pregnancy again risking life of mother and baby.

4.) Preterm birth and low birth weight babies-Numerous health risk associated with a preterm birth leading to increased neonatal morbidity and mortality, visual and hearing impairment.

5.) Birth Defects most common types of problem are congenital heart defects, cleft lip and cleft palete. (IANS)

13-year-old delivers baby in school washroom in Andhra Pradesh
Tips to Overcome Pandemic Effects During Pregnancy
Motherhood in The Times of COVID-19
5 Risks Associated With Smoking During Pregnancy