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24 member Countries and European Union sign a Historic Deal to Create World’s Largest Marine Reserve in Antarctica

The pact for the protected area in the Ross Sea covers more than 1.55 million square kilometers, about the size of Britain, Germany and France combined

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Marine Reserve
A cliff face at Landsend, on the coast of Cape Denison. The pact for the protected area in the Ross Sea covers more than 1.55 million square kilometers. VOA
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October 28, 2016: A historic deal has been reached to create the world’s largest marine reserve in Antarctica, after years of diplomatic wrangling.

NewsGram brings to you current foreign news from all over the world.

Russia dropped its long-held opposition to the accord at the annual meeting of the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) held in Hobart, Australia. The agreement was signed by the 24 member countries and the European Union.

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“This decision is very important not just for the Antarctic, but for efforts to promote world marine conservation,” said Evan Bloom, head of the U.S. delegation at the meeting.

The pact for the protected area in the Ross Sea covers more than 1.55 million square kilometers, about the size of Britain, Germany and France combined. There will be a no fishing zone of 1.12 million square kilometers.

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The Ross Sea – home to penguins, seals, Antarctic toothfish, whales and huge numbers of krill – a staple food for many species – is one of the last intact marine ecosystems in the world. (VOA)

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USA: Everything you want to know about Security Clearance; Find out here!

A security clearance allows a person access to classified national security information or restricted areas.

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Former CIA Director John O. Brennan speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, March 11, 2014. President Donald Trump revoked Brennan's security clearance Wednesday. VOA
Former CIA Director John O. Brennan speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, March 11, 2014. President Donald Trump revoked Brennan's security clearance Wednesday. VOA

U.S. President Donald Trump on Wednesday revoked the security clearance of former CIA Director John Brennan. We take a look at what that means.

What is a security clearance?

A security clearance allows a person access to classified national security information or restricted areas after completion of a background check. The clearance by itself does not guarantee unlimited access. The agency seeking the clearance must determine what specific area of information the person needs to access.

What are the different levels of security clearance?

There are three levels: Confidential, secret and top secret. Security clearances don’t expire. But, top secret clearances are reinvestigated every five years, secret clearances every 10 years and confidential clearances every 15 years.

All federal agencies follow a list of 13 potential justifications for revoking or denying a clearance. VOA
All federal agencies follow a list of 13 potential justifications for revoking or denying a clearance. VOA

Who has security clearances?

According to a Government Accountability Office report released last year, about 4.2 million people had a security clearance as of 2015, they included military personnel, civil servants, and government contractors.

Why does one need a security clearance in retirement?

Retired senior intelligence officials and military officers need their security clearances in case they are called to consult on sensitive issues.

Also Read: Governments Across The World Request Apple for 30,000 Device Information

Can the president revoke a security clearance?

Apparently. But there is no precedent for a president revoking someone’s security clearance. A security clearance is usually revoked by the agency that sought it for an employee or contractor. All federal agencies follow a list of 13 potential justifications for revoking or denying a clearance, which can include criminal acts, lack of allegiance to the United States, behavior or situation that could compromise an individual and security violations. (VOA)