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Sometimes the pace of the film can be the real content. At times, it is the rhythm that says the most important things. Filmmaker Akshay Indikar, whose latest movie ‘Sthalpuran’ (‘Chronicle of Space’) premiered at the 70th Berlin International Film Festival and will be the closing film at Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles (IFFLA), feels that cinema should unfold, rather than tell everything.
“Also, it should not reveal all. Some things should be kept hidden from the audience. Who can question the beauty of that mystery? Pauses and silences, therefore, ascertain a peculiar level of intimacy with the audiences,” says the director who also has to his credit films like ‘Udaharnarth Nemade’ and the award-winning ‘Trijya’ which premiered at the Shanghai Film Festival and was also screened at the Black Film Festival in Switzerland.
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‘Sthalpuran’ started off with the question ï¿½Can we see life through the prism of childhood innocence?’ That being the starting point, it looks at his curiosity towards the new surroundings he finds himself in. “Also, being set in Konkan, which is a coastal area, we wondered if we could explore that place. After all, each space has a story to tell…” says this Pune-based director.
Hailing from a family of nomadic folk artists, Indikar admits that both ‘Trijya’ and ‘Sthalpuran’ boast autobiographical elements. “I have always believed that any fine work of art is always autobiographical in nature. Our memories and experiences do not divorce the subconscious mind. And frankly, art is meant to explore those subconscious memories. Therefore, I am the only one who can express my story well. If cinema brings that personal quality, it becomes universal,” says this 29-year-old.
Stressing that his background has shaped his worldview as a filmmaker, he says that rather than simply venturing into the mainstream Marathi industry, he has managed to carve his own identity. “I work with an individualistic approach and every single film I make is a whole another journey. Folk elements are always a part of my works.”
Indikar, who quit the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune after one year, says it was the best decision he had made in his life. “I felt that I would not be able to make films if I go too much into theory. I was in the editing course and found it too industry-oriented. Rather than learning theory, I felt that it would be better to just in and make movies. Also, in this age of the Internet, you really do not need a film school.”
Talking about his upcoming film ‘Construction’, shooting for which was supposed to commence in August, he says it is a musical love story to be shot in multiple countries. “Rich in folk and contemporary music, it would be about identity and our roots,” says the director who is planning to collaborate with Anurag Kashyap soon.
Stressing that a theme should “disturb” him enough for a long time before he decides to translate it into cinema, he adds, “The idea should remain with me, and exhort me to explore it. After all, movies explore the inner world and capture meanings that words cannot express. I find it so fascinating that after joining two shots or two sounds, a new feeling emerges, new poetry. Not mathematics, but sheer verse.”
Ask him about a number of independent films being made in the Marathi language, and he laments that the industry is still dominated by the mainstream. “Is good cinema supported enough? Who is coming forward — film societies, audiences, government… how are we supposed to survive? Even in the Marathi film industry, many don’t know about my cinema. Is it not tragic that we start making a name in our country, only after our films are screened at major festivals abroad.” (IANS/KB)
Some women say they experienced period changes after getting a Covid-19 vaccination. While the reported changes are short-lived, research into this possible adverse reaction remains critical to the success of the vaccination programme, according to an editorial published in The BMJ.
"A link between menstrual changes after Covid-19 vaccination is plausible and should be investigated," wrote Dr Victoria Male, a reproductive specialist at Imperial College London, in the editorial. Reports of menstrual changes after Covid-19 vaccination have been made for both mRNA and adenovirus-vectored vaccines, she added, suggesting that, if there is a connection, it is likely to be a result of the immune response to vaccination, rather than to a specific vaccine component, she said.
While changes to periods or unexpected vaginal bleeding are not listed as common side effects of Covid-19 vaccination, more than 30,000 such reports have been made to the UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) surveillance scheme for adverse drug reactions till September 2. However, most people find that their period returns to normal the following cycleand, importantly, there is no evidence that Covid-19 vaccination adversely affects fertility, Male said.
Most people find that their period returns to normal the following cycleand, importantly, there is no evidence that Covid-19 vaccination adversely affects fertility, Male said. | Photo by Hakan Nural on Unsplash
The MHRA states that its surveillance data does not support a link between changes to menstrual periods and Covid-19 vaccines, since the number of reports is low in relation to both the number of people vaccinated and the prevalence of menstrual disorders generally. However, the way in which data is collected makes firm conclusions difficult, Male noted.
She argued that approaches better equipped to compare rates of menstrual changes in vaccinated versus unvaccinated populations are needed, and pointed to the study that the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) has undertaken. Indeed, the menstrual cycle may be affected by the body's immune response to the virus itself, with one study showing menstrual disruption in around a quarter of women infected with SARS-CoV2.
If a link between vaccination and menstrual changes is confirmed, this will allow individuals seeking vaccination to plan in advance for potentially altered cycles, Male contended. In the meantime, clinicians must encourage their patients to report any changes to periods or unexpected vaginal bleeding after vaccination. And anyone reporting a change in periods persisting over a number of cycles, or new vaginal bleeding after the menopause, should be managed according to the usual clinical guidelines for these conditions, she suggested. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: vaccine, menstrual cycle, period, covid, women, health
A garage sale in the 21st century needs a tech-savvy platform. This is where Poshmark comes into the picture, the platform with a community of over 2.5 million Canadians has products listed with over half a billion dollars in value by their users.
It began expanding outside of the United States in Canada in May 2019 and has now launched in India. So its become simple and easy for anyone to sell items from their closet, enabled by a full suite of end-to-end seller tools and services, including seamless listing, merchandising, promotion, pricing, and shipping. Indian consumers will be able to join Social marketplace Poshmark, Inc. (Nasdaq: POSH), a booming community of more than 80 million users and a vibrant network of millions of shoppable closets to make money, save money, connect with others, and foster entrepreneurship.
The platforms scalable model and infrastructure enables continued expansion to new countries and categories in the future. | Photo by Duy Hoang on Unsplash
"As an Indian who grew up exploring the marketplaces of Old Delhi, I know firsthand how important it is to come together and connect as part of the shopping experience. I am confident that our social marketplace will resonate with Indian consumers and allow us to build a thriving and successful community here." The platform's scalable model and infrastructure enables continued expansion to new countries and categories in the future. (IANS/ MBI)
(Article originally written by: N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe)
Keywords: Clothes, garage, Poshmark, India, Old Delhi, social marketplace
Great historic events that have shaped the world and changed the outlines of countries are often not recorded in memory, or so we think. Wars made sure to destroy evidence and heritage, and the ones who survived told the tale of what really happened. Folklore, albeit through oral tradition kept alive many such stories, hidden in verse, limericks, and rhymes.
Ringa-ringa-roses, a common playtime rhyme among children across the world, is an example of folklore that has survived for many centuries. It tells the story of the The Great Plague of London which ravaged the city between 1665-1666.
The Plague broke out from improper disposal of garbage and poor sewage conditions. Fleas from the rats that lived in the sewers spread the disease that killed more than half of London's population. Many people fled from their homes as there was no medicine available for those who were infected.
Beak-shaped masks worn during the Great Plague of London Image source: wikimedia commons
It was around this time that masks began to be invented. The first masks were shaped like beaks, and were worn not to protect the wearer from the disease, but to the prevent them from being able to smell the decay and death around them, which they called 'miasma'. The beaks were filled with floral herbs that allowed doctors and nurses to tend to the sick without being reviled from the smell.
Children are often seen forming circles by holding hands and reciting loudly,
Pockets full of posies
We all fall down"
An illustration of the Great Plague of London, 1665 Image source: wikimedia commons
When the last line is sung, they break the circle and fall down. The roses and posies are believed to be the preferred fragrances inside the masks, and a single sneeze (a-tishoo) was enough to infect the one who was exposed to the disease. Consequently, they fell down, ill, and later died.
An alternative version of this rhyme is sung about the fall of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the aftermath of World War II. The roses and posies are interchanged with geranium and uranium, to symbolise what was used in the atomic bomb. But this version is not as famous the original.
Keywords: Rhymes, Ringa-ringa-roses, Great Plague of London, WWII, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Folklore