Tuesday January 21, 2020

Alcohol can be linked with seven types of Cancer: Research

While there has been evidence of an association between alcohol and cancer, the study claims it is causal, meaning it “directly causes cancer.”

1
//
Alcohol is linked with 7 cancers. Image Source: www.ndtv.com
  • Researchers at the University of Otago in New Zealand said alcohol has a causal association with cancer of the oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum and female breast
  • The risk of cancer from alcohol is largest among heavy drinkers but affects both light and moderate drinkers as well
  • 10 years of global data by groups such as the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research and the International Agency for Research on Cancer were taken into account

New research links alcohol with seven types of cancer. Writing in the journal Addiction, researchers at the University of Otago in New Zealand say alcohol has a causal association with cancer of the oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum and female breast.

Connection between Alcohol and Cancer. Image Source: www.cancernetwork.com
Connection between Alcohol and Cancer. Image Source: www.cancernetwork.com

While there has been evidence of an association between alcohol and cancer, the study claims it is causal, meaning it “directly causes cancer.”

The study was large, taking into account 10 years of global data collected by groups such as the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter

The risk of cancer from alcohol is largest among heavy drinkers, but affects both light and moderate drinkers as well.

According to the study, alcohol was responsible for 5.8 percent of all cancer deaths in 2012.

Jana Witt (Cancer Research UK). Image Source: www.researchgate.net
Jana Witt (Cancer Research UK). Image Source: www.researchgate.net

“We know that nine in 10 people aren’t aware of the link between alcohol and cancer,” Jana Witt of Cancer Research UK, who did not contribute to the study, told The Guardian newspaper. “And this review is a stark reminder that there’s strong evidence linking the two.”

Follow NewsGram on Facebook

And if you’re thinking that a little wine may help fight cardiovascular disease, this new study finds that the “evidence that moderate drinking provides protection against cardiovascular disease is not strong.” (VOA)

 ALSO READ:

  • Antara

    Such researches can help a great deal in keeping consumption in check!

Next Story

Males Have Higher Risk of Suffering from Cancer: Study

Researchers explain why cancer risk is higher in males

0
Cancer
DNA differences between men and women may explain why cancer risk is higher in males. Pixabay

DNA differences between men and women may explain why cancer risk is higher in males, according to a new study.

In findings published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, researchers have reported that loss of function in certain genes of the sex-determining Y chromosome, which is present only in men, may cause them to have an elevated risk for cancer.

Using data from 9,000 individuals, the researchers studied Y-chromosome gene function in patients with various types of cancer. The findings showed that cancer risk increases with loss of function of six key Y-chromosome genes in various types of cells.

“Recent studies have shown that complete loss of the Y chromosome, which is essential to foetal sex differentiation, occurs, with aging, in the cells of some men,” said study author Juan Ramon Gonzalez from Barcelona Institute for Global Health in Spain.

Cancer DNA
Suppression of the Y chromosome can occur as a result of loss of function in the chromosome. Pixabay

“Although the loss of the Y chromosome has previously been associated with higher incidence of cancer, the causes of this association are poorly understood,” Gonzalez added.

These six Y-chromosome genes are involved in cell-cycle regulation, the failure of which can lead to tumour development.

According to the study, understanding the biological differences between men and women in cancer is crucial for the development of personalised lines of treatment and prevention.

“Men are not only at higher risk of cancer than women, they also face a worse prognosis. In fact, these differences partially account for the lower life expectancy of men,” Gonzalez added.

According to the researchers, although men may be more exposed to carcinogens due to the type of work they do and at higher risk because they are less likely to consult a doctor, the study has shown that there are also biological factors that increase cancer risk among men.

“In fact, it seems that one of these factors can be found in the Y chromosome, the very essence of maleness,” said study lead author Alejandro Caceres.

Also Read- Know About the Health Benefits of Green Tea

Suppression of the Y chromosome can occur as a result of loss of function in the chromosome, which would explain previous findings, or as a result of other mechanisms mediated by the chemical (epigenetic) inactivation of the same regions, the research said.

“Certain environmental exposures, for example to tobacco or other harmful substances, could affect chromosome function and lead to epigenetic modifications,” Gonzalez said. (IANS)