Sunday February 17, 2019

All Breast Lumps are Not Cancerous, Says Radiologist Expert

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breast lump simulation
breast lump simulation. Wikimedia

New Delhi, Oct 7, 2017: Breast Cancer is one of the supreme causes of female deaths, however, it’s awareness is low in India. A leading Radiologist, Dr. Jyoti Arora, Associate Director, Medanta – the Medicity states that 8 out of 10 cases of breast lumps are not cancerous and undergoing biopsy is the only way to rule out breast cancer.

In India, two responses with respect to breast lumps are generally normal. Either the feeling of a lump formation in the breast is disregarded or the patient gets hysterical. The two responses are extreme and caused by the absence of proper awareness but in altogether different ways.

A recent study summarized that its predominance is as high as 25.8 per 1,00,000 women and its death rate are 12.7 per 1,00,000 women, mentioned ANI.

Dr. Arora has disclosed that because of the absence of awareness, a huge number of Indian women do not choose  appropriate tests and treatment.

Arora said, “One of the first symptoms of breast cancer is the formation of lumps in the breast. While many women from not so educated and aware sections of society do not identify lump in the breast as a reason enough to see the doctor, those who are aware of the connection between breast lumps and cancer does not realize that in 8 out of 10 cases, lumps in breasts are non-cancerous. For them, a breast lump is the synonym of breast cancer and they feel it’s the end of their life so do not get it evaluated.”

As the lumps are associated with pain, some females do not seek medical advice. The non-cancerous lumps are cyst formation, fibro-adenoma which is an abnormal non-cancerous growth, or maybe a temporary sign due to woman’s menstrual cycle.

Cancerous lumps are usually hard to feel and not associated with pain.

So if a female feels a lump, she should visit a breast specialist who will get a mammography and ultrasound done. If a solid lump is confirmed on imaging then in most of the cases biopsy would be needed to confirm whether the lump is cancerous or not.

To check cancerous cells, a radiologist removes tissue while conducting a breast biopsy from the suspected area for lab testing.

Also Read: Esteé Lauder’s Breast Cancer Awareness ‘Pink Ribbon Campaign’ Marks 25 Year Milestone 

“There are various types of biopsies that a patient is offered. Tru cut needle biopsy is performed in majority of the cases, however when the abnormality is very small, subtle or when seen only on the mammograms in the form of calcifications or only on the breast MRI, vacuum-assisted breast biopsies (VABB) are preferred as they increase the accuracy and sensitivity of getting a representative sample from the abnormal area. Through VABB, more tissue can be removed than by the true cut needle biopsy and hence a more accurate report can be generated by the pathologist,” added Arora.

One should look for changes in the breast in terms of size and shape. Other than formation of lump, observe whether there are skin changes such as swelling and redness, in drawing of the nipples or if there is pain, irritation, change of color, or peeling and flaking of nipple skin.

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Extracts Of Oolong Tea Helps To Combat Breast Cancer: Study

The lower incidence and mortality in regions with higher oolong tea consumption indicate that the tea has great potential for its anti-cancer properties

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Pregnancy, Breast Cancer
High blood pressure, which had long been defined as a top reading of at least 140 or a bottom one of 90, dropped to 130 over 80 under guidelines adopted in 2017.

If you are a tea lover then there is good news for you as a team of researchers have found that oolong tea extracts can have many health benefits apart from preventing breast cancer.

Oolong tea is a type of Chinese tea which has benefits for heart and brain and also prevents diabetes.

Laboratory tests showed that the Chinese tea, used for centuries for its supposed health benefits, stopped the growth of breast cancer cells and the extract hampered the DNA of the cancer cells, inhibiting the growth and progression of tumours.

Green tea also showed similar promise. However, black and dark tea had little effect on the cells, as per the study.

Chamomile is a magical ingredient used in herbal teas
Oolong Tea, Pixabay

From our results, oolong tea, much like green tea, plays a role in inhibiting breast cancer cell growth, proliferation and tumour progression, said one of the researchers from St. Louis University in Missouri.

Oolong tea, same as green tea, can induce DNA damage and cleavage, play an inhibitory role in breast cancer cell growth, proliferation and tumorigenesis. It has great potential as a chemopreventive agent against breast cancer, the team added.

Furthermore, researchers analysed the rates of breast cancer and deaths from the disease across China.

Findings, published in the journal Anticancer Research, showed that regions with high oolong tea consumption had generally lower rates of the disease.

The team also found that the incidence of breast cancer in the Fujian province was 35 per cent lower than the national average.

Cell Pattern, artificial Intelligence
High resolution slide scanners plus stronger computer power allows for the possibility for AI to help doctors more accurately figure out the subtype of breast cancer a patient has. VOA

The death rate of high consumers of oolong tea in Fijian was 68 per cent lower than the national average, findings further revealed.

Also Read: The Survivors Of Breast Cancer And Their Beauty

“The lower incidence and mortality in regions with higher oolong tea consumption indicate that the tea has great potential for its anti-cancer properties,” said lead author Chunfa Huang, Associate Research Professor at the varsity.

Prevention and early diagnosis was key to improving future health prospects, the study said. (IANS)