Saturday September 22, 2018

Archaeologists find Pre-Columbian Tombs from Classic Maya City in Guatemala, US

Kaanul and Tikal, two kingdoms from that period, competed with each other for control of resources and adjoining cities

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Pre-Columbian tombs
Tourists are seen at the Mayan ruins of Tikal, 500 kilometers north of Guatemala City. VOA
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  • Guatemalan archaeologists hope two tombs uncovered in Peten, Guatemala, will shed light on a clash between two kingdoms located in the Maya Lowlands
  • Archaeologists told reporters the findings were important because one of the tombs, dating to between 650 and 700 A.D., could be that of a ruler
  • The tombs in Peten, 310 miles (500 kilometers) from the capital, Guatemala City, escaped decades of looting at the site

Guatemalan archaeologists hope two tombs uncovered in Peten, Guatemala, will shed light on a clash between two kingdoms located in the Maya Lowlands during the Classic Maya period from 250 to 900 A.D.

The tombs in Peten, 310 miles (500 kilometers) from the capital, Guatemala City, escaped decades of looting at the site, a group of archaeologists said at a news conference Monday.

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Beginning in 2000, archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli, who directs Boston University’s Holmul Archaeological Project, and his team have protected the site — the Classic Maya city of Holmul — employing four park rangers to guard it from looters.

Maya Civilisation. Image source: Wikimedia Commons
Maya Civilisation. Wikimedia Commons

The rangers also protect Holmul’s structures from erosion through the use of roofs.

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As a result, the coordinator of the foundation for Maya Cultural and Natural Heritage, Hector Escobedo, said structures at Holmul were among the best preserved in the Maya region.

Archaeologists told reporters the findings were important because one of the tombs, dating to between 650 and 700 A.D., could be that of a ruler.

Kaanul and Tikal, two kingdoms from that period, competed with each other for control of resources and adjoining cities.

In another tomb in Holmul, the remains of a middle-aged person were found, accompanied by vessels and jade ornaments. A jade necklace could be a “war trophy,” said Estrada-Belli at the National Palace of Culture.

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“This is the first major find of this kind. The offerings include some elaborate ceramics and objects of bone and shell,” Estrada-Belli said. “The most interesting is one that has an inscription that states that the object is a jade necklace piece and belongs to a king from another place.” (VOA)

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  • Antara

    Such findings would so help the scientists on a lead to discovering the facts from the Classic Mayan Period.

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USA: Everything you want to know about Security Clearance; Find out here!

A security clearance allows a person access to classified national security information or restricted areas.

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Former CIA Director John O. Brennan speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, March 11, 2014. President Donald Trump revoked Brennan's security clearance Wednesday. VOA
Former CIA Director John O. Brennan speaks at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, March 11, 2014. President Donald Trump revoked Brennan's security clearance Wednesday. VOA

U.S. President Donald Trump on Wednesday revoked the security clearance of former CIA Director John Brennan. We take a look at what that means.

What is a security clearance?

A security clearance allows a person access to classified national security information or restricted areas after completion of a background check. The clearance by itself does not guarantee unlimited access. The agency seeking the clearance must determine what specific area of information the person needs to access.

What are the different levels of security clearance?

There are three levels: Confidential, secret and top secret. Security clearances don’t expire. But, top secret clearances are reinvestigated every five years, secret clearances every 10 years and confidential clearances every 15 years.

All federal agencies follow a list of 13 potential justifications for revoking or denying a clearance. VOA
All federal agencies follow a list of 13 potential justifications for revoking or denying a clearance. VOA

Who has security clearances?

According to a Government Accountability Office report released last year, about 4.2 million people had a security clearance as of 2015, they included military personnel, civil servants, and government contractors.

Why does one need a security clearance in retirement?

Retired senior intelligence officials and military officers need their security clearances in case they are called to consult on sensitive issues.

Also Read: Governments Across The World Request Apple for 30,000 Device Information

Can the president revoke a security clearance?

Apparently. But there is no precedent for a president revoking someone’s security clearance. A security clearance is usually revoked by the agency that sought it for an employee or contractor. All federal agencies follow a list of 13 potential justifications for revoking or denying a clearance, which can include criminal acts, lack of allegiance to the United States, behavior or situation that could compromise an individual and security violations. (VOA)