Monday June 17, 2019

Are Indian Textbooks inculcating Gender Stereotypes?

12th grade sociology textbook of Maharashtra State Board advocated that if a girl is ‘ugly’ or ‘handicapped’ then her family is liable to dowry

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Gender
Textbooks (Representational Image, Credits-, Wikimedia)

New Delhi, Feb 10, 2017: Recently, a story on a social issue based story portal surfaced, which spoke about the plight of gender representation in state board textbooks. A 12th grade sociology textbook of Maharashtra State Board advocated about the reason behind the existential social evil called dowry.

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The reason mentioned in the book was that if a girl is ‘ugly’ or ‘handicapped’ then her family is liable to dowry. It evokes a rationale that the girl is required to pay a ‘penalty sum’ to qualify for marriage. Does this exhibit that India is still regressive and the sub continent is not receptive to positive social growth? Is India still conforming to centuries old stereotypes and pursuing not-so-effective strategies for escaping stereotypes that show women only capable of doing menial jobs?

So, what kind of ramifications do the textbooks conforming to the gender stereotypes have? The ramifications could be aggravation in economic and social gender disparity, in which women are stereotyped to be weak, meant for menial jobs and not possessing any technical prowess. Stereotyping is also responsible for aggravation in gender-based violence and crimes against women. It’s nefarious for men as well. For instance, a man responsible for fulfilling of household chores is often seen with contempt.

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The first time this issue came into the limelight was post 2016 Nirbhaya rape case when Justice Verma committee gave a recommendation to integrate gender equality in the curriculum for inculcating an egalitarian approach. PMO asked HRD ministry to reiterate on the inclusion of moral science and value education in schools. NCERT submitted a report that analysed and examined the number of stereotypical representations of genders. For instance, women were depicted in ‘caretaking’ roles such as nurses, teachers etc. and on other hand men were depicted as engineers, shopkeepers, surgeons etc. NCERT gave some recommendations like certain terms like ‘milkman’ and ‘policeman’ were to be made gender sensitive and ownership of anything should be jointly shown. For example, instead of “man owning a shop”, it should be framed “man/woman owning a shop.

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According to 2008 Education For All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report (GMR), in India, more than half of the illustrations in Mathematics, Science and Social Science textbooks showed males, only 6 per cent of females were shown.

The educational policy makers had pledged in 1965 to eradicate all sorts of traditional concepts of female inferiority. Sadly, even after such a long span of time, no significant achievement has been accomplished to expel gender inequality from Indian society.

– prepared by Sabhyata Badhwar of NewsGram. Twitter: @SabbyDarkhorse

Next Story

LAVA Launches New Budget Smartphone Z62 in India

Connectivity options on the device include Wi-Fi and GPS. Sensors on the phone include accelerometer and fingerprint sensor

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The 2GB RAM variant of the phone would be launched in August, the company said in a statement.
Lava unveils new feature phone. IANS

Domestic smartphone manufacturer Lava on Friday launched its new budget smartphone Lava Z62 for Rs 6,060 in India.

The phone comes with a 6-inch touchscreen display and is powered by a 3,380 mAh battery.

“The device also comes with a dedicated Google Assistant key, thus, allowing users to use a variety of apps and features at the click of a button using their voice command,” the company said in a statement.

new phone, lava
The mobile phone supports English, Hindi, Tamil, Bengali, Gujarati and Punjabi. Wikimedia Commons

As far as the cameras are concerned, the device on the rear packs an 8MP camera and a 5MP camera on the front.

Also Read- Tech Giant Apple Working on New MacBook, Suggests Registrations

Connectivity options on the device include Wi-Fi and GPS. Sensors on the phone include accelerometer and fingerprint sensor. (IANS)