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Before union budget’s cutback, State health budgets rose to 21 percent

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New Delhi: An analysis of government data released in October 2015 revealed that state health budgets, taken together– rose 21 percent in the previous year, before the 15 percent ‘cut’ in central funding of national health programs in the union health budget of 2015-16.

However, this increase is not uniform across states, indicating that states, especially smaller ones, unable to raise enough money, are spending less on health and education. Exactly how many states spent to compensate for central spending cutbacks over the past year is unclear because that data will only be available by the end of 2016.

As many as 58 per cent of Indians in rural areas opt for private healthcare (68 percent in urban areas), as we reported, because public health care is inadequate, and healthcare expenses push an additional 39 million people back into poverty every year, a Lancet paper said.

In anticipation of the transfer of money to states – a process called devolution, proposed in December 2014 by the 14th Finance Commission, Delhi had increased payments to state plans during the 2014-15 budget: Transfers rose by 108 percent to Rs 2,59,855 crore ($43 billion) for the state plans, according to reporters.

Many increases to states were substantial, particularly in key areas such as village development, education, health and agriculture. The idea, to quote from a government document, was to “provide greater ownership to state governments in implementation of plans schemes and avoid thin spreading of resources, model of restructured centrally sponsored schemes (CSSs) continues. Higher allocation under State/UT (union territory) plan is reflective of this”.

Between 2014-15 and 2015-16, unconditional transfers of tax revenues – or “untied” funds, to use official jargon– rose 55 percent, from Rs.3.38 lakh crore to Rs. 5.24 lakh crore, according to the budget’s revised estimates released in October 2015 (The budget is prepared using income estimates, typically revised after six months to account for actual tax received).

The union health budget rose six percent, from Rs.29,492.5 crore in 2013-14 to Rs. 31,274 crore in 2014-15, the year the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) presented its first budget. The cuts came in the second year of the NDA, 2015-16.

Smaller states can’t find money, therefore, cut health funding.

Although 18 states with poor health indicators, called “high-focus states”,– increased health spending in anticipation of central cutbacks, our analysis reveals how smaller states have cut health spending because they did not have the money.

Jharkhand and Odisha increased their health spending by 80 percent and 73 percent respectively between 2013-14 and 2014-15. Some states saw marginal increases; Tripura and Manipur cut health spending.

Money to create infrastructure has risen in state budgets, from 37.2 percent in 2011-12 to 50 percent in 2014-15, while funds for staff salaries and other administrative expenses fell from 62.2 percent to 49.9 percent.

“The country is close to completing its first budget cycle since the implementation of the FFC (14th Finance Commission) recommendations; any rigorous assessment of the real impact of these recommendations is difficult owing to large gaps in available data,” said a report from the Accountability Initiative, a Delhi-based think-tank. (Prachi Salve, IANS/indiaspends.org)

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What is NEET 2020? And What is Chapter Wise Weightage?

This All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) is a test that is conducted by NTA for aspirants to join MBBS and BDS programs from different parts of India

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Exam
A good guide by experts is all you need to ace in any examination and Vedantu NEET UG training will help you with precise information on all the learning aspects. Pixabay

When you are attempting an important exam, the first thing to do is study hard for it. Board exams are the toughest to crack and also these exams are very critical. Just like that the National Eligibility Entrance Test or NEET is one of the most important exams in the nation. This All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) is a test that is conducted by NTA for aspirants to join MBBS and BDS programs from different parts of India.

How to be eligible for NEET exams:-

Now, that you know the purpose of this exam, let’s get onto the topic of how to be eligible for the exam. The main thing a candidate must have is the knowledge of the science stream- Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology. The aspirants should have these subjects as their compulsory subject in class 10th and 12th. The passing marks need to be shown in the counseling round and marks in Mathematics are not needed in the NEET-Undergraduate examination (NEET UG). There is also another exam for the postgraduate who wants to pursue their career in the medical field, this exam is called NEET-PG. This is a single entrance and ranking exam for the admission to PG diploma courses and various MD/MS courses.

This exam is an online method and in 11 different languages. These languages are- Hindi, English, Bengali, Urdu, Marathi, Tamil, Odia, Telugu, Kannada and Assamese. There will be 180 questions and the candidate will have a duration of 3 hours. There will be three sections in this exam- Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany and Zoology)

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NEET Chapter Wise Weightage:-

Physics

This is the most feared section by all NEET aspirants. Laws of motion, Rigid Body and System of Particle, Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism, Current Electricity, Thermodynamics, etc. are the most important chapters of this section. If you are an aspirant of NEET then you should spend more time on these chapters as suggested by the experts. There will also be numerical based questions that hold good marks in Physics, so try to get prepared for that also.

Chemistry

This is idly the easiest paper in the whole exam, said by the toppers. Just like Physics, this section has 45 questions. This section has three equal weightage in the three-chapter- physical, inorganic and organic. So, you will have to pay attention to each of these chapters equally.

Biology

After Physics, this section is the most important part because of the huge question percentage of the whole NEET exam. Biology holds 50% of the NEET questions (90 questions) and thus this section should not be taken lightly. Because each of the chapters of this section is important that is why candidates need to create a time table for this chapter especially so they can distribute their time in the vast Chemistry syllabus.

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When you are attempting an important exam, the first thing to do is study hard for it. Pixabay

The best way to crack NEET

As you can see the weightage of each chapter is quite critical and in order to ace their exam, students must manage a good study time. A study time that can offer each of the subjects with equal focus and also gives them time to revise all the chapters before the exam.

Exam Pattern: If the candidate knows the question pattern then they are halfway there to crack this difficult exam of their lives. As said above there will be 45 questions in each section and you will be given 3 hours duration to solve them. Apart from that, you would get MCQs with 4 marks, and for each wrong answer, there will be a deduction of 1 mark.

Online Solutions: A good guide by experts is all you need to ace in any examination and Vedantu NEET UG training will help you with precise information on all the learning aspects. Solving previous year question papers and attempting sample papers will make you ready for the exam. Apart from online solutions, NCERT books are essential for NEET participants because approximately 75 percent of the questions in NEET come from these books and many toppers mentioned in the interviews about the same

ALSO READ: What is Essential and What Isn’t? Here is the Answer

Even though these two tips are enough for you but here are some other tips to follow other studying NEET – 

  • Creating a good time table

  • Prepare notes

  • Take breaks between study

  • Take good care of your health