Tuesday January 22, 2019
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Cabinet informed of India-Russia agreement

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New Delhi:The Union Cabinet was informed of an agreement between India and Russia on Wednesday. The India-Russia agreement states to provide competitive research grants to researchers.

The agreement provides grants to researchers of both the nations for joint implementation of research projects in areas of basic and exploratory sciences.

The agreement, signed in May 2015, is valid for a period of six years and could be extended by mutual consent between Department of Science and Technology(DST) and Russian Science Federation (RSF), an official statement said.

“This competition would be conducted in the areas of mathematics, computer and system science, physics and space science, chemistry and material science, biology and life science, basic research for medicine, agricultural science, earth science and engineering science,” it said.

The Cabinet meeting was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The Decision to identify research projects for funding would be taken jointly by the DST and RSF, it added. Russia has been a key strategic partner of India since the Soviet times, with this, both countries take their bilateral relations in the area of science and technology further.

Russia is one the biggest arms exporter to India. This agreement also is a boost for PM’s Make in India campaign.(IANS)

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Researchers Examine Patterns of Back Pain

The bad news is that one in five experienced persistent back pain, said Canizares

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Researchers study patterns of back pain. IANS

Researchers have examined the patterns of back pain over time and patient characteristics in relation to the disability.

In addition, they have identified the extent of healthcare and medication use (including opioids) associated with different patterns.

Back pain is among the most frequently reported health problems in the world.

For the study, researchers from the University Health Network’s Krembil Research Institute in Toronto, Canada studied 12,782 participants for 16 years.

They provided data on factors including comorbidities, pain, disability, opioid and other medication use, and healthcare visits.

The results showed that almost half (45.6 per cent) of the participants reported back pain at least once.

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The study included four groups of pain: persistent (18 per cent), developing (28.1 per cent), recovery (20.5 per cent), and occasional (33.4 per cent).

The findings, published in Arthritis Care and Research, showed that the persistent and developing groups tended to have more pain and disability, as well as more healthcare visits and medication use than those in the recovery and occasional trajectory groups.

In addition, the recovery trajectory group increased the use of opioids and antidepressants over time.

“The good news is that one in five people with back pain recovered. However, they continued to use opioids and antidepressants, suggesting that people recovering from back pain need ongoing monitoring,” said lead author Mayilee Canizares, postdoctoral candidate from the varsity.

The bad news is that one in five experienced persistent back pain, said Canizares.

People with back pain are a heterogeneous group that may benefit from different approaches to management rather than a traditional one size fits all approach. The distinct groups identified in the study may represent opportunities for more individualised treatment and preventative strategies, Canizares noted. (IANS)

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