Thursday April 25, 2019

Childhood Passive Smoking May Up Arthritis Risk Later

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints

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Passive Smoking Dangers
Passive smoking in childhood has increased the risk of arthritis in adult smokers. Pixabay
  • In smokers who had childhood passive exposure to smoke, the hazard ratio was 1.73 compared with non-smokers not exposed during childhood
  • The results of the study was presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017
  • Smoking led to the formation of new bony growths (known as syndesmophytes)

June 18, 2017: Exposure to passive smoking in childhood significantly increased the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in adult smokers, a study has showed.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet.

The findings showed that in smokers who had childhood passive exposure to smoke, the hazard ratio was 1.73 compared with non-smokers not exposed during childhood.
“Our study highlights the importance of avoiding any tobacco environment in children, especially in those with a family history of rheumatoid arthritis,” said lead author Raphaele Seror, professor at the University Hospitals of South Paris, France.
The results of the study was presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017.
 Further, in a separate analysis smoking was also associated with increased progression of structural damage to the spine in patients with ankylosing spondylitis — a painful, progressive and disabling form of arthritis caused by chronic inflammation affecting the spine and large joints.
Smoking led to the formation of new bony growths (known as syndesmophytes), the researchers said.
“Smoking constitutes a major risk factor not only for disease susceptibility but also disease severity in patients with AS,” said Servet Akar, professor from Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey.
“Rheumatologists should work hard to encourage their AS patients to quit smoking as this could have a major impact on future quality of life,” he added. (IANS)

  • The exact cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis is not yet clear still. However, RA is considered to be caused by a genetic vulnerability triggered by environmental factors.

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Passive Smoking May Raise The Chances of Kidney Disease

The global health body states that of the seven million lives that tobacco claims worldwide each year, almost 900,000 are passive-smokers

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Besides affecting your heart and lungs, exposure to second-hand or passive smoking can also raise the chances of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which can lead to renal failure, warns a new study.

The findings showed that individuals with less or more than 3 days of exposure per week had nearly double the risk of having kidney disease when compared with participants with no second-hand cigarette exposure.

“Second-hand smoke exposure at home or in the workplace is still prevalent despite legislative actions prohibiting public smoking,” said Jung Tak Park from Yonsei University in Seoul.

“This exposure was found to be clearly related with CKD, even with less-frequent amounts of second-hand smoke exposure,” Park added.

Smoking pregnant lady outside hospital.

For the study, published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, the team included 131,196 non-smokers and were classified into three groups: no-exposure, less than three days per week of exposure, and three or more days per week of exposure.

Cigarette smoking and exposure to second-hand smoking have been linked with higher risks of various diseases.

Also Read- Alzheimer’s Drug Holds Promise For Rare Neurological Disease, Suggest Researchers

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), smoking tobacco is globally the second leading cause of heart diseases after high blood pressure.Nearly 12 per cent of cardiovascular deaths worldwide occur due to tobacco abuse and second-hand smoking.

The global health body states that of the seven million lives that tobacco claims worldwide each year, almost 900,000 are passive-smokers. (IANS)