Sunday October 22, 2017

Childhood Passive Smoking May Up Arthritis Risk Later

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints

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Passive Smoking Dangers
Passive smoking in childhood has increased the risk of arthritis in adult smokers. Pixabay
  • In smokers who had childhood passive exposure to smoke, the hazard ratio was 1.73 compared with non-smokers not exposed during childhood
  • The results of the study was presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017
  • Smoking led to the formation of new bony growths (known as syndesmophytes)

June 18, 2017: Exposure to passive smoking in childhood significantly increased the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis in adult smokers, a study has showed.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet.

The findings showed that in smokers who had childhood passive exposure to smoke, the hazard ratio was 1.73 compared with non-smokers not exposed during childhood.
“Our study highlights the importance of avoiding any tobacco environment in children, especially in those with a family history of rheumatoid arthritis,” said lead author Raphaele Seror, professor at the University Hospitals of South Paris, France.
The results of the study was presented at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017.
 Further, in a separate analysis smoking was also associated with increased progression of structural damage to the spine in patients with ankylosing spondylitis — a painful, progressive and disabling form of arthritis caused by chronic inflammation affecting the spine and large joints.
Smoking led to the formation of new bony growths (known as syndesmophytes), the researchers said.
“Smoking constitutes a major risk factor not only for disease susceptibility but also disease severity in patients with AS,” said Servet Akar, professor from Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey.
“Rheumatologists should work hard to encourage their AS patients to quit smoking as this could have a major impact on future quality of life,” he added. (IANS)

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Yoga improves arthritis symptoms and mood: Research

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New York: Practicing yoga improves physical and mental well being of people living with arthritis, a painful joint disorder for which there is currently no cure, new research has found.

photo credit: blogs.discovermagazine.com
photo credit: blogs.discovermagazine.com

Without management, arthritis can affect not only mobility, but also overall health and well-being, participation in valued activities, and quality of life.

In the trial, people with arthritis who practiced yoga for eight weeks had about a 20 percent improvement in physical health with similar improvements in pain, energy, mood and carrying out day-to-day activities and tasks.

“Yoga may be especially well suited to people with arthritis because it combines physical activity with potent stress management and relaxation techniques, and focuses on respecting limitations that can change from day to day,” said one of the researchers Susan Bartlett, adjunct associate professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, US.

The study recruited 75 people with either knee osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

Participants were randomly assigned to either a wait list or eight weeks of twice-weekly yoga classes, plus a weekly practice session at home.

Participants’ physical and mental well being was assessed before and after the yoga session by researchers who did not know which group the participants had been assigned to.

Compared with the control group, those doing yoga reported a 20 percent improvement in pain, energy levels, mood and physical function, including their ability to complete physical tasks at work and home.

Improvements in those who completed yoga was still apparent nine months later.

The findings were published in the Journal of Rheumatology.

(IANS)