Wednesday October 17, 2018

E-cigarettes responsible for a decline in Cigarette Smoking among the Youth

0
//
88
FILE - A smoker exhales vapor from an e-cigarette at the Vapor Spot, in Sacramento, California, in this July 7, 2015, photo. VOA
Republish
Reprint

New York, Jan 23, 2017: E-cigarettes — seen as responsible for a decline in cigarette smoking among the youth — are actually attracting a new population of adolescents who might not otherwise have smoked tobacco products, researchers warned.

The findings showed that the e-cigarettes attract low-risk adolescents who may not have used nicotine at all if e-cigarettes did not exist.

“E-cigarettes are encouraging — not discouraging — youth to smoke and to consume nicotine and are expanding the tobacco market,” said Stanton A. Glantz, Professor at University of California – San Francisco.

Several previous studies have reported that adolescents who start with e-cigarettes are more likely to subsequently smoke traditional cigarettes.

NewsGram brings to you current foreign news from all over the world.

According to researchers, they did not find any evidence that e-cigarettes have caused youth smoking to decline. In fact, combined e-cigarette and cigarette use among adolescents in 2014 was higher than total cigarette use in 2009, they stated.

“The study didn’t find any evidence that e-cigarettes are causing youth smoking to decline,” added Lauren Dutra, social scientist at RTI International — a not-for-profit research organisation based in North Carolina, US.

The “recent declines in youth smoking are likely due to tobacco control efforts, not to e-cigarettes,” Dutra noted.

NewsGram brings to you top news around the world today.

For the new study, the team examined survey data from more than 140,000 middle and high school students who completed the CDC’s National Youth Tobacco Survey between 2004 and 2014.

The results showed that cigarette smoking among US adolescents declined during that decade, but did not decline faster after the advent of e-cigarettes in the US between 2007 and 2009.

The study was published online in the journal Pediatrics. (IANS)

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2017 NewsGram

Next Story

E-cigarettes May Not Stain Teeth, says Study

Conversely, exposure to vapour from the e-cigarettes or tobacco heating products resulted in little or no colour change that was comparable to the untreated controls

0
Vaping, teeth
Vaping may not stain teeth: Study. Pixabay

E-cigarettes and tobacco heating products cause significantly less staining to teeth than conventional cigarettes, a new study has found.

While cigarette smoke caused significant enamel discolouration, vapour from the e-cigarettes and aerosol from the tobacco heating products caused only minimal staining.

These next generation products do not involve combustion; the vapour and aerosol they produce are less complex and contain significantly lower levels of certain toxicants compared to cigarette smoke.

“Many studies have postulated that it is the tar in cigarette smoke that stains teeth,” said Annette Dalrymple, senior scientist at British American Tobacco in the UK.

“The study clearly shows that the e-cigarettes and tobacco heating products assessed caused minimal discolouration — very promising for consumers. However, further studies are required to understand the long-term effect on teeth staining and oral health when smokers switch to using next generation products,” Dalrymple added.

e-cigarettes
In this April 11, 2018, photo, an unidentified 15-year-old high school student uses a vaping device near the school’s campus in Cambridge, Mass. Health and education officials across the country are raising alarms over wide underage use of e-cigarettes and other vaping products. The devices heat liquid into an inhalable vapor that’s sold in sugary flavors like mango and mint — and often with the addictive drug nicotine. VOA

For the study, published in the journal American Journal of Dentistry, the team assessed and compared an e-cigarette, a tobacco heating product and a conventional cigarette for their impact on teeth enamel staining.

They assessed in the laboratory the level of enamel discoloration by cigarette smoke and vapour from e-cigarettes and tobacco heating products.

Tests were carried out on enamel blocks cut from bovine incisors — substitute for human teeth in dental research.

The enamel blocks were exposed to the particulate matter (isolated from the smoke/vapour) for 14 days and then whole smoke/vapour for five days.

e-Cigarette
e-Cigarette, Pixabay

The enamel samples were assessed before, during and after treatment and colour readings were determined using an established method involving spectrophotometer and trained scientists.

Also Read- 4 Gentle Online Games That Make You Smarter

Discolouration of enamel blocks exposed to cigarette smoke was apparent in as little as one day and continued to increase as the concentration of cigarette smoke increased, the findings revealed.

Conversely, exposure to vapour from the e-cigarettes or tobacco heating products resulted in little or no colour change that was comparable to the untreated controls. (IANS)