Thursday June 27, 2019
Home India ‘Climat...

‘Climate Smart Village’ Initiative: Madhya Pradesh is all set to make its Villages smarter!

 The project will incur a cost of Rs. 150 crore every year and will include 100 villages in each of the 11 agro-climatic zones of the state

0
//
Madhya Pradesh's initiative of smarter villages
Agricultural farms in India (Representational Image), pixabay

Bhopal, December 30, 2016: Madhya Pradesh is all set to make its villages smarter. This has prompted them to set an ambitious plan to develop 1,100 ‘climate smart villages’ with an aim to prepare the farmers combat the climate change risks and ensure better productivity.

“The government has been planning to develop 1,100 villages as climate-smart villages in a period of next six years,” said Dr. Rajesh Rajora, who is state Farmer Welfare and Agriculture Development Department Principal Secretary, mentioned PTI report.

The project will incur a cost of Rs. 150 crore every year and will include 100 villages in each of the 11 agro-climatic zones of the state, said Dr. Rajora. He also said that “ The work is being taken up under the National Agriculture Development Programme (NADP) and Indian National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture.”

Go to NewsGram and check out news related to political current issues

In addition to using drought-resistance seeds, the farmers will also be encouraged to go for short duration variety of crops.

“The focus would be on integrated agriculture, which comprises animal husbandry, fisheries, in addition to traditional farming. Agro-forestry would also be adopted in these villages,” Rajora said. It conserves and protects the natural resources as it helps water retention and stops soil erosion.

He mentioned that integrated nutrients management would also be implemented to help in soil fertility and plant nutrients supply through optimization of all possible sources of organic, inorganic and biological components.

Rajora said, “In addition, the integrated pest management, zero tillage, raised bed gardening techniques and micro-irrigation would also be introduced in the climate smart villages. This would help farmers to increase the productivity amid all challenges of climate change,”.

Look for latest news from India in NewsGram.

The technique of growing crops, time and again, without disturbing the soil through ploughing is known as zero tillage method, another agricultural expert said. He said “The micro-irrigation systems like drip and sprinklers would not only reduce the water use but also lessen the use of fertilizers and energy.”

International Crop Research Institute for Semi  Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) will help the state government in this initiative, said Rajora. Along with this an international NGO working in the field of agriculture and Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), a global agriculture research partnership will also take an active part in this program.

While mentioning the partner organization Rajora said “ The Centre has set ICISAT, the UN organization, as nodal agency for developing the climate-smart villages. We would also seek expertise from scientists of two agriculture universities at Jabalpur and Gwalior in addition to state government’s scientists in various district headquarters,” mentioned PTI.

According to agriculture department officials, various equipment and sensors would also be used in these villages to help the farmers.

Block level soil testing laboratory will soon be opened as said by the state government. A plan is also on the anvil to provide soil health cards to farmers under state government’s efforts to double farmer’s income in five years. ‘Krishi Cabinet’ has been constituted to ensure sustainable agricultural growth. The cabinet comprises of ministers of agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, fisheries, cooperatives, water resources, Narmada valley development, energy, panchayat, rural development and SC/ST welfare departments.

MP had also received Krishi Karman award for 2014-15, the fourth during past five years, for increasing the food grains production and productivity by 254 lakh tonnes and 1,719 kg per hectare, respectively. Government has also claimed to have increased the irrigated agriculture area to 40 lakh hectares from 7 lakh hectares in 2003.

prepared by Saptaparni Goon of NewsGram. Twitter: @saptaparni_goon

 

Next Story

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning Help Shrimp, Vegetable Farmers Reap Good Harvest

Aibono works with about 500 farmers and has about 200 acres are under active cultivation

0
A team from Germany, the United States and France taught an artificial intelligence system to distinguish dangerous skin lesions from benign ones, showing it more than 100,000 images.
There are about 232,000 new cases of melanoma, and 55,500 deaths, in the world each year, the research added.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning have entered aquaculture and agriculture farms in some states benefitting the farmers in cutting down their labour and the uncertainties of trial and error methods.

Thanks to artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies used by companies like the city-based Coastal Aquaculture Research Institute (CARI) and Aibono Smart Farming Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, shrimp and vegetable farmers are able to increase their yield, cut their costs and have better market access.

V. Geetha, who practices aquaculture in Andhra Pradesh, told IANS: “Before signing up for CARI’s ‘FarmMOJO’ — an AI app-enabled farm advisor tool — we used to jot down the critical data in a notebook and act on it. But we wouldn’t know how much to feed the shrimp. There would either be over or under feeding.”

Since he tied up with CARI six months back, Prakash said, the company takes care of water quality tests in his pond and all the required data is available on his mobile with suggested action to be taken.

“Earlier the quantum of feed used would differ. Now we use the correct feed quantity, which has reduced the feed cost. The cost of medicines has also decreased. Earlier many would suggest several things. Now we go by what CARI says,” Prakash remarked.

“At 600,000 ton a year, India’s shrimp exports stand at Rs 45,000 crore annually. But no major technology was used so far in shrimp farming,” Rajamanohar Somasundaram, Co-Founder and CEO, CARI told IANS.

He said, now that the shrimp farming has been digitised, the data collected has been fed into the FarmMOJO programme.

“From the data, we have built machine learning. The software advises farmers on the use of feed, medicines and other things. The tool also helps in predicting the chances of a disease outbreak in the client farm based on the data available from other ponds,” he said.

The company has two revenue streams viz., subscription fee for FarmMOJO and commission on sales of products of partner companies. “At present, we have about 750 ponds spread over Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Odisha. We will soon enter West Bengal.This year we plan to cover 2,500 ponds,” Somasundaram said.

Farmers, India
An Indian woman helps her farmer husband irrigate a paddy field using a traditional system, on the outskirts of Gauhati, India, Feb. 1, 2019. VOA

In agriculture, Bengaluru-based Aibono Smart Farming Pvt Ltd and its AI product are helping the farmers in Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu to match the supply and demand of hill vegetables.

“In India, the land holdings by farmers are small. So, precision farming could be used only if the supply and demand are matched. The other problem is, good price realisation if the yield is good. Farmers do not have a foresight on what to produce and when,” Vivek Rajkumar, Founder told IANS.

Rajkumar said fruits and vegetables are a $250 billion market in India far bigger than that of fast moving consumer goods. But there are no e-commerce players in this segment.

“Aibono is like a dairy cooperative. It assures farmers of buying every kilogram of their produce at a good price so that they can make money. The average land holding of the farmers in the network ranges between 0.5 to 1.5 acre,” Rajkumar said.

“We collect about 2,000 data points like weather, soil tests, photographs etc. Open farm is like a factory without a roof. It is dynamic. But farmer’s activities are routine and predictable. But agronomy has to be changed to dynamic mode,” Rajkumar said.

With farmers seeing increasing yield but not commensurate increase in realisation, Aibono decided to look at the demand side and started to study the consumption pattern.

Also Read- Huawei’s Foldable Smartphone Mate X Passes Chinese 3C Certification

“At the retail end, people buy a fixed quantity of the vegetables. The buying pattern in predictable but it is the supply that varies,” Rajkumar said.

“We signed up with retailers and hotels assuring them of supplies. For the farmers, we started calibrating issue of seeds so that the supplies could be assured at certain quantities at a specified time,” Rajkumar said.

Aibono works with about 500 farmers and has about 200 acres are under active cultivation. Rajkumar said: “we about 300 retailers in its network and next year the number is set to grow several times. We charge Re 1 per kg as fee for service to the farmers.” (IANS)