Tuesday January 21, 2020

Dandruff in Hair Cause Of Worry for Patients With IBD

While most studies on the microbiome focus on bacteria, Underhill's team investigates the fungi's presence and its potential role in intestinal disease.

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health
Crohn's disease is a type of IBD that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, leading to abdominal pain, diarrohea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Pixabay

A fungus linked to dandruff in the hair may worsen intestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with a certain genetic makeup, new research has found.

Malassezia restricta yeasts found in oily skin and scalp follicles are linked to several skin conditions. These microscopic fungi also often end up in the gut.

In particular, M. restricta was elevated in Crohn’s patients carrying a genetic variation known as the IBD CARD9 risk allele, according to the study published in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.

fungus
While most studies on the microbiome focus on bacteria, Underhill’s team investigates the fungi’s presence and its potential role in intestinal disease. Pixabay

Crohn’s disease is a type of IBD that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, leading to abdominal pain, diarrohea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition.

“We were surprised to find that Malassezia restrica was more common on intestinal tissue surfaces in Crohn’s disease patients than in healthy people,” said study co-author David Underhill from the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

“Further, the presence of Malassezia was linked to a common variation in a gene known to be important for immunity to fungi – a genetic signature more common in patients with Crohn’s disease than the healthy population,” Underhill said.

hair
A fungus linked to dandruff in the hair may worsen intestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with a certain genetic makeup, new research has found. Pixabay

IBD is characterised by changes in immune responses to the intestinal microbiome.

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While most studies on the microbiome focus on bacteria, Underhill’s team investigates the fungi’s presence and its potential role in intestinal disease.

Changes in intestinal fungi such as M. restricta – and host responses to these fungi – may be a factor in exacerbating symptoms that contribute to disease in a subset of patients with Crohn’s disease, said co-author Jose Limon, a Cedars-Sinai research team member. (IANS)

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Here’s Everything you Need to Know About Mesotherapy

Bursting the myths of mesotherapy

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Mesotherapy
There are various myths about mesotherapy which makes people misunderstand the procedure and its effects. Pixabay

Mesotherapy is a treatment in which various beneficial minerals and vitamins are introduced into the skin to help in the treatment of various body problems and imperfections. This therapy uses vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and hormones to achieve the desired results.

Mesotherapy can be used for various problems like fat reduction, targeting stubborn cellulite, skin pigmentation, hair loss and lightening the visibility of wrinkles and fine lines.

However, there are various myths about mesotherapy which makes people misunderstand the procedure and its effects. Many say that the therapy is only limited to concerns of the neck and face. But mesotherapy can be used all over the body depending on what the person’s requirement is, highlights Lalita Arya, Vice President, Dermapuritys.

For instance on the face for the wrinkles, on the scalp for baldness, all over the body for reducing body fat, cellulite, skin tightening, stretch marks and many more.

Mesotherapy
Mesotherapy can be used for various problems like fat reduction, targeting stubborn cellulite, skin pigmentation, hair loss and lightening the visibility of wrinkles and fine lines. Pixabay

Another myth linked with mesotherapy is that it can only be performed on a limited age group, mainly people going for wrinkle treatments and skin tightening. However, therapy can be taken at any age. It helps skin remain healthy and retain its glow by providing essential nutrients to the skin on a regular basis, and also by stimulating the skin to regenerate collagen, Arya says.

Many people confuse platelet-rich plasma therapy with meso therapy. The two treatments are different and they are chosen depending on the issue that the person is suffering from. For each treatment the preparations and procedures are different. The elements used for each treatment are also different and are used according to the results required.

‘For better results, you need to get multiple sittings to the clinic’; this is also a myth, says Arya.

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People have experienced a lot of difference after one therapy, but this depends on the problem and treatment they choose. The number of clinic visits also depends on how severe the problem is. Before going for a mesotherapy you need to consult a professional who will recommend the type of treatment and the number of sittings that will be needed. Also, remember that the results can vary as each person responds a little differently to the same treatment, she underlines. (IANS)