Bhopal: It is not at all right to link every death with Vyapam, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan said on Monday, the day a female trainee police sub-inspector committed suicide.
Chouhan said every death is sad, but it is not fair to link every death with Vyapam.
The chief minister spoke after Anamika Kushwaha, a trainee at the Jawaharlal Nehru Training Centre at Sagar, jumped to her death in a nearby pond early Monday.
Chouhan said Anamika’s death was not linked to the raging Vyapam scam.
The admission and recruitment racket in the Madhya Pradesh Vyavsayik Pareeksha Mandal (Vyapam) or the Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board apparently involves politicians, officials and businessmen.
More than 40 people associated with the scam have died since 2013 – either in mysterious circumstances or have committed suicides.
Just a day before Anamika killed herself, Arun Sharma, the dean of a medical college in Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh who was connected with the scam probe, was found dead in a hotel room near the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi.
Madhya Pradesh Minister Narottam Mishra said that as far as Arun Sharma’s death is concerned, “it is not linked to Vyapam”.
There are conflicting number of deaths related to Vyapam scam. Congress puts these deaths at 48, while the Special Investigation Team’s figure is 33.
Researchers have identified key networks within the brain which they say interact to increase the risk that an individual will think about – or attempt – suicide.
Combining the results from all of the brain imaging studies available, the researchers looked for evidence of structural, functional and molecular alterations in the brain that could increase the risk of suicide.
They identified two brain networks – and the connections between them – that appear to play an important role.
The first of these networks involves areas towards the front of the brain known as the medial and lateral ventral prefrontal cortex and their connections to other brain regions involved in emotion.
Alterations in this network may lead to excessive negative thoughts and difficulties regulating emotions, stimulating thoughts of suicide, according to the study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.
The second network involves regions known as the dorsal prefrontal cortex and inferior frontal gyrus system.
Alterations in this network may influence a suicide attempt, in part, due to its role in decision making, generating alternative solutions to problems and controlling behaviour, said the study.
The researchers suggest that if both networks are altered in terms of their structure, function or biochemistry, this might lead to situations where an individual thinks negatively about the future and is unable to control their thoughts, which might lead to situations where an individual is at higher risk of suicide.
“There are very vulnerable groups who are clearly not being served by research for a number of reasons, including the need to prioritise treatment, and reduce stigma,” said Anne-Laura van Harmelen, co-first author from the University of Cambridge.
“We urgently need to study these groups and find ways to help and support them,” van Harmelen said.
For the study, the international team of researchers carried out a review of two decades’ worth of scientific literature relating to brain imaging studies of suicidal thoughts and behaviour.
In total, they looked at 131 studies, which covered more than 12,000 individuals, looking at alterations in brain structure and function that might increase an individual’s suicide risk.
The researchers said that their review of existing literature revealed how little research has been done into one of the world’s major killers, particularly among the most vulnerable groups.
The facts in relation to suicide are stark: 800,000 people commit suicide every year, the equivalent of one every 40 seconds.
Suicide is the second leading cause of death globally among 15-29 year olds.
More adolescents commit suicide than dying from cancer, heart disease, AIDS, birth defects, stroke, pneumonia, influenza and chronic lung disease combined.
As many as one in three adolescents think about ending their lives and one in three of these will attempt suicide.
“Imagine having a disease that we knew killed almost a million people a year, a quarter of them before the age of thirty, and yet we knew nothing about why some individuals are more vulnerable to this disease,” van Harmelen said.