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By Indo-Caribbean Cultural Centre reporter
MOHAN RAGBEER said (continued):
“This irritated the State Department/CIA, but they remained ignorant, despite corrections, and so anti-communist (the Cold War had settled in, Castro had bared himself, and humiliated the US at the Bay of Pigs) that the CIA funded the destabilization of BG.
Dr. Cheddi Jagan (CJ) was targeted, but his life spared. The rightist United Force and leftist PNC were funded by the CIA and combined to depose Jagan with strikes, riots, violence, and murders that polarised the major races. The US threatened British Guiana (BG) with the Monroe doctrine but did not obstruct Castro’s aid to Jagan during the 80-day strike in 1963 against a Labour Relations Bill that almost toppled the government.
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Jagan bungled the independence conference of 1963, frowned on Guianese financial help to avoid bankruptcy, refused to consider a partition plan, neglected to demand CDW funds already agreed, pooh-poohed the news re probable oil in BG, and left the decision re PR to Duncan Sandys. That began Jagan’s disgrace, except it established his “martyrdom” in the eyes of acolytes. The fall of Communism was a concealed shock.”
DR TULSI SINGH said:
“My contribution to the discussion was based primarily on my friendship with Dr. Jagan during the last four years of his life. During that time, he visited my home in Midland, Texas; he invited me several times to his office in Guyana; we spent two days together as dignitaries in Houston, Texas; we exchanged many cards, faxes, and other correspondence; I became one of his medical advisers, and I was his last house guest. I figure that I knew him well in his last few years. He was my friend. I am among those who see him as the Father of the Nation
I first met Dr. Jagan In 1961 when he was campaigning in my village at a roadside rally. He, to quote Dr. Ragbeer, “spoke with sincerity and passion, sympathized with their plight and promised to fight for their rights, and to bring relief from the misery and squalor of their lives, the poor conditions of rural and city workers, and the many injustices to which they were daily subjugated”. The “they” and “their” that Dr. Ragbeer wrote about were the people around me. I liked Dr. Jagan immediately and immensely. I wanted him to succeed. He won the elections that year but for a number of reasons, delineated in “The Indelible Red Stain, Books 1 and 2” by Dr. Ragbeer, his political star faded, and by 1964, he was in the political wilderness.
But Dr. Jagan, with persistence and perseverance, stayed in the political fray and in 1992, with free and fair elections in Guyana, itself reflecting the involvement of former US President Jimmy Carter, became President of Guyana. By then, the Cold War had ended, Marxism and its accompanying rhetoric had diminished, Guyana was in ruins, and it’s most valuable asset became a rapidly expanding diaspora as more and more Guyanese sought safety, security, and prosperity abroad.
Dr. Ragbeer attributes much of what went wrong in Guyana, in the fifties and sixties to Dr. Jagan and his personal traits. He knew Dr. Jagan back then. I had met Dr. Jagan only once during that time. I am not a political scholar or historian but I believe that there were many trip-wires, invisible to most, that complicated the choices that poor and tiny countries had to navigate between the heavy hands hammered out by the combatants of the Cold War.
I am of the Guyanese diaspora, an American citizen now, and happily and thankfully so, fully acculturated in its capitalist economy, and I wouldn’t have it any other way. I am grateful that my Indian great-grandparents left Uttar Pradesh and Bihar a hundred and fifty years ago. They didn’t know much about where they were going and how long they would be staying there, or if they would ever return to their native land. I cannot blame Dr. Jagan for what might have been. I am glad for where I am now and I thank Dr. Jagan for his friendship and the indelible impact his humanity has made on me.”
RAMNARINE SAHADEO said:
“I was invited on this panel to discuss CHEDDI JAGAN and to review The Indelible Red Stain. Those who were of the view that this was solely to discuss Jagan ignores the book and its many other themes. In fact, there are many other books on Cheddi, including a special one with articles on his life in which my views can be found.
Since I learned the others would concentrate on Cheddi, I told them I would refer to the cultural aspects of the Red Stain of 1400 pages in the 12 minutes allowed. This is what I have always done since I first opened the book and could not put it down until two weeks later.”
Super model and actress Hailey Bieber said she is lucky to have a husband like Justin Bieber, refuting rumours of the ace singer not treating her properly. Hailey was speaking at singer Demi Lovato's podcast '4D With Demi Lovato', dailymail.co.uk reported.
Talking about her popstar husband and rumours around their marriage, Hailey said: "I think one of the biggest things is you have to know what the truth is behind everything. You know, there's so many narratives that float around about me, about him, about us together." She addressed the rumours point blank as she said: "There's one big fat narrative that goes around that's like, 'Justin is not nice to her, and that he mistreats her', and I'm just like, it's so far from the truth, and it's the complete and utter opposite."
Hailey went on to set the record straight about Justin, who she married in 2018. She said: "I really am lucky to say I'm with someone who is extremely respectful of me, who makes me feel special every single day. So when I see the opposite of that, I'm just like, 'Huh?' And everybody around who knows us personally would say the same thing." (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Hailey Bieber, Justin Bieber, husband, respectful, truth, married
Among the Tamil epics written during the Sangam age, only a few survived to this day. Manimegalai is one such. It is written as a sequel to the Sillapadikaram, taking the story forward of Kovalan and Madhavi's daughter, Manimegalai. The Sillapadikaram is about the injustice of the Madurai kingdom in the execution of Kovalan, which turned Kannagi, his wife into a goddess seeking vengeance for her husband's death. Kovalan, before his death, has an affair with a court dancer, Madhavi, and his daughter, Manimegalai, is said to begin a different tradition among the Tamils.
The epic, written by Sattanar, introduces Buddhism to Dravidian culture, something that has been alien to them for years. Manimegalai is the protagonist, who flees constantly from the pursuit of Chola prince Udhayakumara, and tries to lead an ascetic life. Throughout the plot, Buddhist tenets are used to avoid the culmination of a love-story. Manimegalai is believed to be the anti-love story sequel to the Sillapadikaram.
A complete work of Tamil epic written by hand on leaves Image source: wikimedia commons
The Sillapadikaram was written by a Jain monk, Illango Adigal, and Sattanar, uses the sequel to question Jainism. It is almost a political battle between two new religions competing for a place in a predominantly Hindu society. Parts of Manimegalai even go to the extent of opening ridiculing Jain practices and beliefs.
Critics of Tamil literature have stated that while the Tamil epics have great poetic significance, they are inferior to other world epics when it comes to clearly portraying religious affiliations. In fact, they refer to the newer religions with an infant's perspective. Some scholars have found that Sillapadikaram has more ethical substance than its sequel, but in and of itself, despite being written by a Jain monk, reads like Hindu poetry (Subhramanya Aiyar, 1906).
Keywords: Manimegalai, Sillapadikaram, Tamil Epic, Sattanar, Ilango Adigal, Chola kingdom, Sangam Age, Buddhism
The Covid-19 pandemic could act as an inflection point to shift India's growth model from being consumption driven to investments-led. In its Ecoscope report, Motilal Oswal Financial Services, said: "With Covid-19 hurting India's 'Household' (HH) and 'Government' sectors adversely, the continuity of strong consumption growth is in question."
"On the contrary, with listed companies' financial positions improving and an uptick in household investments in the Real Estate sector (called physical savings), the narrative of investment-led recovery is gaining momentum." The report prescribed that various economic participants - households, governments, listed companies, and unlisted corporates -- to increase their fixed asset investments in the immediate future based on their financial position.
The Covid-19 pandemic could act as an inflection point to shift India's growth model from being consumption driven to investments-led. | Photo by Fusion Medical Animation on Unsplash
At present, the listed and unlisted corporate sector accounts for only about half of total investments in India. The 'HH' sector including unincorporated enterprises accounts for 35-40 per cent in India's investments, while the remaining 12-13 per cent is contributed by centre and states governments. Besides, the report cited that demand environment is expected to remain subdued due to weak financial position of 'HH' and government sector.
"Despite household investments picking up strongly in 2HFY21, given that Indian households bore the maximum brunt of Covid-led losses in CY20 (and CY21), we believe household spending would remain subdued over the next few years." It further pointed out that unless 'HH', 'Unlisted Corporate', and government sectors can improve their financial positions -- leading to a demand uptick -- a strong revival in investments seems challenging. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: India, covid, pandemic, growth, household, government, investment