Wednesday, May 12, 2021
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Early Birth Associated With Risks of Hospital Visit Throughout Childhood

Early Birth Associated With Risks of Hospital Visit Throughout Childhood

Admission rates change throughout childhood

Researchers have found that being born early is associated with a higher risk of hospital admission throughout childhood than being born at full term.

Existing evidence suggests that the risk of illness associated with preterm birth declines as children grow up, but it remains unclear at what age this begins to happen and how these changes vary by a week of gestational age at birth.

For the study, published in the journal ‘The BMJ’, a team of UK researchers set out to examine the association between gestational age at birth and hospital admissions to age 10 years and how admission rates change throughout childhood.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.

Their findings are based on data from more than one million children born in NHS hospitals in England between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2006.

Children were monitored from birth until March 31, 2015 (an average of 9.2 years per child), during which time the researchers analyzed numbers of hospital admissions.

Gestational age at birth was analyzed in weeks, from less than 28 up to 42 weeks.

Over 1.3 million hospital admissions occurred during the study period, of which 8,31,729 (63 percent) were emergency admissions. Just over half (5,25,039) of children were admitted to the hospital at least once during the study period.

Early Birth
The risk of hospital admission associated with gestational age decreased over time, particularly after age two. Unsplash

After taking account of other potentially influential risk factors, such as mother’s age, marital status and level of social deprivation, and child’s sex, ethnicity, and month of birth, the researchers found that hospital admissions during childhood were strongly associated with gestational age at birth.

Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: पाकिस्तान के मुल्ला-सैन्य सांठगांठ का परिणाम है 26/11 हमला

The hospital admission rate during infancy in babies born at 40 weeks was 28 per 100 person-years — this figure was about six times higher in babies born extremely prematurely (less than 28 weeks).

By the time the children were aged 7-10 years, the hospital admission rate in children born at 40 weeks was seven per 100 person-years — this figure was about three times higher in those born at less than 28 weeks.

But even children born a few weeks early had higher admission rates.

Being born at 37, 38, and 39 weeks’ gestation was associated with a difference in the rate of admission of 19, nine, and three admissions per 100 person-years during infancy, respectively, compared with those born at 40 weeks.

The risk of hospital admission associated with gestational age decreased over time, particularly after age two. However, an excess risk remained up to age 10, even for children born at 38 and 39 weeks’ gestation.

ALSO READ: Gut Hormone Regulating Fat is Abnormal in Obesity

“Infections were the main cause of excess hospital admissions at all ages, but particularly during infancy. Respiratory and gastrointestinal conditions also accounted for a large proportion of admissions during the first two years of life,” the study authors wrote. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,511FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Swami Ghanananda: An Ethnic African Who Built Africa’s First Hindu Monastery

By- Khushi Bisht Hinduism, also known as Santana Dharma (Eternal Religion), is believed to be the world's oldest religion. After Islam and Christianity, it has...

Over 90% Of Indians Feel Included In Video Calls; Say It Improves Mental Health

Around 90 percent of respondents feel that video calls have helped them to combat feelings of loneliness amid the pandemic, a report said on...

The History Of Tattoos

BY- JAYA CHOUDHARY In 1991, two German hikers came across a man whose body had been preserved in a glacier for 5000 years. Otzi the...

How Does The Body React When You Are Diagnosed with Covid-19?

By Himani Rathore The recent coronavirus pandemic has taken a severe toll on the mental and physical health of individuals the world over. With its...

The Jobs Market Is Constantly Evolving – Are You Keeping Up?

By Melinda Smith Leech collectors, alchemists, ten-pin bowling pinsetters, toad doctors, clock keepers, street lantern lighters, and town criers. These are all professions that were...

‘Free Jabs, Rapid Testing Must To Fight Covid In Rural India’, Says Health Expert Poonam Muttreja

Free or subsidized testing, treatment, and vaccination along with the provision of uninterrupted essential health services are essential to fight Covid-19 in rural India,...

What You Need To Know Before You Start Gambling Online

By Rajesh Chakrabortty Online gambling has been on the rise lately, and rightfully so. People are seeking ways to make some more money, and online...

Online Education Platform By Professional Turns Boon For Students

Necessity is the mother of invention is the common saying, but for Satish, Sherry, Feroze, and Shyam, presently in Thrissur, Muscat, Boston, and New...

Recent Comments