Romania is a sovereign country in southeastern Europe that is experiencing an increasing trend in tourism. Bucharest is the capital and largest city in the country with the greatest number of visitors annually. The official language of the country is Romanian while Albanian and Armenian are some of the recognized regional languages.
The Romans are the predominant ethnic group and make up 88.9% of the total population. By 2011, the country was very urbanized with 54% of the population living in urban areas, but most moved to the countryside. In this article, we will discuss some of the major cities in Romania that you can visit while exploring this historic place.
Bucharest is the largest city in Romania and is the country’s capital, culture, industry and financial center. The city has increasingly become popular among international visitors for low prices and amazing Bucharest bachelor weekend parties. Some of the old buildings in the city center were severely damaged by war, earthquakes and Nicolae Ceausescu’s systemization program. It has been an economic and industrial boom in the city in the past.
At present, the city has an estimated population of 1.8 million inhabitants. The quality of life in Bucharest is not appealing. Living conditions have deteriorated over time and ranked 108th in 2009 in 235 cities. Notable landmarks in the city include; Triumphal arch, carousel bookstore, and Ion Luca Carnegie charter.
Constanta is the oldest city inhabited in the country after being formed in 600 BC. It has a population of 283,872 people making it the fifth largest city in the country by population. Constanta is a coastal city and receives a large number of tourists annually. In the 1930s during the inter-war, the city was the country’s commercial hub.
Like many coastal cities, Constanta is experiencing one of the warmest temperatures in the country. The most important economic activities are tourism, industrialization, and fishing. In the first half of 2008, 3,144 companies were established in the city. The most notable landmarks in the city are; the genuine lighthouse, the Carol 1 mosque, the house with lions, the cathedral of saints and the ottoman hunting mosque.
Ranking third among the largest cities in Romania, called Cluj-Napoca commonly known as Cluj. It was founded in 1213 and is the second most popular city in the country. The city is surrounded by forests and grasslands with rare species such as a Venus slipper. There are animals such as bears, mammals, foxes, rabbits, and squirrels in the Faget and Hoia nearby forests.
There are even reports of human and extraterrestrial meetings in the Hoia-Baciu forest. Others have also claimed the presence of a monster in the nearby Lake Tarnita. There are many large castles in the surrounding countryside surrounded by medieval families living in the city. The state’s Matthias Corvinus and Central Park fountain are some of the city’s attractions. There are a large number of visitors in the city with a majority of those coming on a day visit.
This city is one of the cultural capitals of Romania and is a symbol of Romanian history. It is home to the country’s oldest university and the first technical school. It is an important education and research center in Romania and holds more than 60,000 students in five public universities.
The fourth largest city in Romania is home to some of the oldest churches and monasteries dating back more than five hundred years ago. Significant buildings in the city include; Central Hall Square, Cuza Place, Dosoftei House, and Razvan Palace.