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Father of Modernism: Rabindranath Tagore’s 75th Death Anniversary

Rabindranath's cosmic views owed much to the lyric tradition of Vaishnava Hinduism and its notions about the relationship between man and God

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Portrait of Rabindranath Tagore. Image source: Wikimedia
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” Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high”

For people who love his works, have guessed it by now! The stalwart was a Bengali poet and polymath who reshaped and built Bengali literature in the true sense of the term. Words, however ornamental, we use to describe him; can never defeat the mark he creates on one’s heart and mind, through his works.
Composer of our country’s National Anthem, Rabindranath Tagore died on August 7, the same date, but in 1941. He was Poet, novelist, composer of songs, painter, playwright, educationist, philosopher. Rabindranath Tagore is widely regarded as an eminent personality in Indian history and the greatest multi-faceted polymath India has produced in the last two hundred years. He was the first Asian to receive Nobel Peace Prize for his literature (Gitanjali).

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 in Calcutta as the 14th child of Debendranath and Sarada Devi. His grandfather Dwarkanath Tagore was a social reformer . Tagore began writing poems at the age of eight.

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He wrote his first book, a collection of poems at the age of 17, which was later published in 1901. In the same year, he established a school Visva Bharti outside Calcutta. This school later turned into a Univerity.

Tagore was rewarded with Knighthood in 1915, but in 1919 he surrendered the knighthood as an opposition against the Massacre of Amritsar, in which 400 Indian protesters were killed by the British troops.

Jawahar Lal Nehru with Rabindranath Tagore. Image source: Wikimedia Commons

His literature Gitanjali made him widely popular in the United States and England. His cosmic views owed much to the lyric tradition of Vaishnava Hinduism and its notions about the relationship between man and God. Most of the Tagore’s beliefs developed from the teachings of Upanishads and from his own ideas that God can be found in one way i.e. by serving others and by personal purity.

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He is also a central figure in India’s creative responses to it encounter with the West. The range of Tagore’s creativity is truly astonishing and his work of art have been critical to the evolution of different art forms; besides his literary contributions, Tagore has widely regarded as the ‘father’ of modernism in Indian painting. His significance extends beyond the sphere of arts and literature in the sense that he is also an important milestone in the emergence of a modern Indian identity.

–  prepared by Akanksha Sharma of NewsGram. Twitter: Akanksha4117

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  • AJ Krish

    He has shaped our literature and created a path for all the aspiring writers. His philosophy on life is depicted in all of his poems.

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India successfully test fires n-capable Agni-V ballistic missile

The missile was earlier tested successfully in 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2016.

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Nirbhay
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) sources said the Nirbhay missile test was "successful".(Representative image) VOA
  • India successfully tests the Agni-V ballistic missile on Thursday
  • This was the fifth test that missile underwent
  • With this success, India is now in ranks with US, UK, China and Russia

India on Thursday successfully tests fired its indigenously developed intercontinental surface-to-surface nuclear-capable ballistic missile Agni-V — the most potent and with the longest range in the Agni series – that can reach targets as far as Beijing.

The test took place at the Abdul Kalam Island facility off the Odisha coast. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman tweeted about its success, congratulating its makers DRDO, the armed forces and the defence industry.

You may also like: Ballistic missile Agni-IV test fired as part of user trial

India has many high tech and powerful missiles to its name. Wikimedia Commons
India has many high tech and powerful missiles to its name. Wikimedia Commons

She said the successful test of the 5,000-km-range missile that can carry a one-tonne warhead, was “a major boost to the defence capabilities of our country”.

“The Made in India canistered missile, having three stages of propulsion, was successfully test fired,” she tweeted.

Developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), the Agni-V is the most advanced version of the Agni series, part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme that started in the 1960s.

The missile was earlier tested successfully in 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2016.

This was the fifth test of the missile and likely to be its first user trial, though there was no official word on it.

India is developing new technologies everyday to strengthen its defence.
India is developing new technologies every day to strengthen its defence.

Thursday’s test brings the missile closer to its induction in the tri-service Strategic Forces Command.

The missile has a much longer shelf life, with its container being made of special steel that absorbs the blast of the takeoff.

In the canisterised launch, a gas generator inside ejects the missile up to a height of about 30 metres. A motor is then ignited to fire the missile.

Also Read: Nikki Haley says North Korea Could Face Stronger Sanctions due to its 7th Missile test in 2017

With this missile, India joins the super-exclusive club of ICBM (missiles with a range of over 5,000-5,500 km) capable countries of the US, Russia, the UK, France and China. IANS