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Father of Modernism: Rabindranath Tagore’s 75th Death Anniversary

Rabindranath's cosmic views owed much to the lyric tradition of Vaishnava Hinduism and its notions about the relationship between man and God

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Portrait of Rabindranath Tagore. Image source: Wikimedia
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” Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high”

For people who love his works, have guessed it by now! The stalwart was a Bengali poet and polymath who reshaped and built Bengali literature in the true sense of the term. Words, however ornamental, we use to describe him; can never defeat the mark he creates on one’s heart and mind, through his works.
Composer of our country’s National Anthem, Rabindranath Tagore died on August 7, the same date, but in 1941. He was Poet, novelist, composer of songs, painter, playwright, educationist, philosopher. Rabindranath Tagore is widely regarded as an eminent personality in Indian history and the greatest multi-faceted polymath India has produced in the last two hundred years. He was the first Asian to receive Nobel Peace Prize for his literature (Gitanjali).

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861 in Calcutta as the 14th child of Debendranath and Sarada Devi. His grandfather Dwarkanath Tagore was a social reformer . Tagore began writing poems at the age of eight.

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He wrote his first book, a collection of poems at the age of 17, which was later published in 1901. In the same year, he established a school Visva Bharti outside Calcutta. This school later turned into a Univerity.

Tagore was rewarded with Knighthood in 1915, but in 1919 he surrendered the knighthood as an opposition against the Massacre of Amritsar, in which 400 Indian protesters were killed by the British troops.

Jawahar Lal Nehru with Rabindranath Tagore. Image source: Wikimedia Commons

His literature Gitanjali made him widely popular in the United States and England. His cosmic views owed much to the lyric tradition of Vaishnava Hinduism and its notions about the relationship between man and God. Most of the Tagore’s beliefs developed from the teachings of Upanishads and from his own ideas that God can be found in one way i.e. by serving others and by personal purity.

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He is also a central figure in India’s creative responses to it encounter with the West. The range of Tagore’s creativity is truly astonishing and his work of art have been critical to the evolution of different art forms; besides his literary contributions, Tagore has widely regarded as the ‘father’ of modernism in Indian painting. His significance extends beyond the sphere of arts and literature in the sense that he is also an important milestone in the emergence of a modern Indian identity.

–  prepared by Akanksha Sharma of NewsGram. Twitter: Akanksha4117

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  • AJ Krish

    He has shaped our literature and created a path for all the aspiring writers. His philosophy on life is depicted in all of his poems.

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Star ICC Asks Anonymous Accuser Of Sexual Assault Charges To Step Forward

The accuser said that while she was at the company, there were "clear instructions" given to make the sales team fulfil the targets.

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Star ICC
#MeToo: Star India internal panel writes to anonymous accuser to come forward

The Internal Complaints Committee of Star India on Sexual Harassment (Star ICC) has written to the anonymous accuser — who had alleged “sexual exploitation” of women employees — asking her to reach out to the committee or its external member on allegations made by her in tweets.

In a Twitter post on Friday, Star ICC, formed under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 said it had reached out to the accuser through two emails on the ID provided by her through her tweets. The committee’s external member is Veena Gowda, a Mumbai-based woman rights lawyer.

The accuser, who tweeted through handle @ApurvaS17 — saying she would remain anonymous — had made sexual harassment allegations against the company’s officials in an open letter.

Star ICC
Star believes that the allegations made in the tweet without the complainant coming forward and giving any further detail, is a malicious attempt.

Asked to comment on the allegations, a Star India spokesperson said in a statement that despite no response by the anonymous accuser to the messages sent, the Star ICC had “suo moto conducted a preliminary inquiry and found no basis or factual accuracy” in respect of the allegations.

“We strongly urge any genuine complainant to approach the Star ICC. At Star, we stand with women in drawing the line on any behaviour that violates human dignity or the ability for women to pursue their dreams with respect and freedom. We have a zero-tolerance policy towards sexual harassment,” read the statement in response to an email query by IANS.

It also said that the anonymous tweet shared on October 13 raised an allegation that “runs completely counter to everything we believe in and the norms and values that we deeply embrace.”

The statement further said: “Star believes that the allegations made in the tweet without the complainant coming forward and giving any further detail, is a malicious attempt to malign and defame the reputation of the company and the CEO.” It said that Star reserves its right to initiate appropriate legal proceedings in this regard.

Star ICC
The Star ICC had “suo moto conducted a preliminary inquiry and found no basis or factual accuracy.

The accuser in her tweets had said that the #MeToo movement had encouraged her to come forward and that she had quit her job at Star India in the Airtime Sales section after 26 months and nine days and was now a homemaker, “taking care of my baby and hubby in a beautiful country, far away from Mumbai.”

The accuser said that while she was at the company, there were “clear instructions” given to make the sales team fulfil the targets in case they want to continue with their employment contract, “for which even if you have to take the clients to a hotel room and sleep with them for days.”

She said there were many instances when she and three of her female colleagues (interns) had clear instructions to reach a hotel after office hours for a private party hosted for influential friends.

Also Read: India’s Junior Foreign Minister M.J. Akbar Quits Following #MeToo Harassment Allegation By Women

She says the influential friends were “mostly bureaucrats and sometimes politicians and foreign nationals” who were “all ready to violate you, force you to dance against your wishes, drink with them, make drink(s) for them, exchange your numbers and even quietly accompany them to their respective rooms if they want you to”.

Veteran writer-director Vinta Nanda, who earlier this month accused actor Alok Nath of sexually violating her 19 years ago, wrote on Twitter: “I’m neither shocked nor surprised. I salute your courage to have come out and spoken out. The rot runs deep.” (IANS)