Shimla: The Congress government in Himachal Pradesh on Friday ordered a vigilance probe into the charge that BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal and his family amassed assets disproportionate to their known sources of income, an official said.
“The government has ordered an inquiry into the charge on the acquisition of properties by Dhumal during his two stints as chief minister of Himachal. It will be conducted by the vigilance and anti-corruption bureau,” a senior police official, requesting anonymity, said.
He said the investigating agency would soon send a questionnaire to Dhumal and his sons, including the member of parliament Anurag Thakur, to seek their responses to the allegations.
In August, Dhumal had demanded a probe and action from Prime Minister Narendra Modi into the charge that he and his family amassed assets disproportionate to their known sources of income.
In a letter, provided to the media by the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party, Dhumal said the Congress government had unleashed a malicious campaign against him and his family since it came to power (in December 2012).
“Like on previous occasions, a list of assets allegedly owned by my family and me has been sent to the state additional director general of vigilance. The complaint is without any affidavit,” said the letter dated August 7.
On the basis of this list, the chief minister (Virbhadra Singh) and the vigilance officials have been conducting a misinformation campaign against him, said Dhumal.
Asking the prime minister to secure an affidavit from the complainant, Dhumal said an inquiry either by a judge of the Supreme Court or by the CBI should be conducted into the allegations.
Dhumal’s elder son Anurag Thakur is secretary of the Board of Control for Cricket in India and a three-time MP from Hamirpur.
His youngest son Arun Dhumal is vice-president of the Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association.
The former chief minister has said similar allegations were levelled against him by the Congress during the 2003 assembly elections too.
A group of farmers from Magroo village in India’s northern state of Himachal Pradesh listens intently as agriculture experts hold a workshop to explain how growing herbs instead of traditional crops such as rice, wheat and corn could save their farms from the ravages of monkeys.
For years they have waged a losing battle with growing hordes of the red-faced rhesus macaques. Displaced by shrinking forests and rapidly spreading urban centers, the primates raid farms in several northern Indian states, searching for food and destroying crops worth millions of dollars.
“In the day we roam around with dogs and we use an air gun,” said farmer Babu Ram. “Then they run off quickly, otherwise it is difficult to keep away the monkeys.” But guarding the fields at night poses a challenge, especially for those that aren’t close to his home.
The growing menace has prompted many in the state nestled in the Himalayan mountains to abandon farming – an estimated 40 per cent of the farmland here is fallow as dejected farmers gave up planting crops.
Agriculture experts are pushing a solution: switching to herbs only protects their crops but also fetches higher profits.
Monkeys do not attack crops such as aloe vera, a herb with medicinal properties. And they fetch better profits due to surging demand for herbs from domestic companies making medicinal and personal care products. India’s booming herbal product industry is worth $4 billion and growing at a fast pace.
“We teach farmers the kind of crop they can grow according to the soil, the water and air in that area, what market exists for it and how he can increase his income by two or three times per acre,” says Arun Chandan, regional director at the National Medicinal Plants Board for North India. “For example, a herb locally called “sarpgandha” gives farmers eight to ten times the profit compared to wheat.”
Some farmers have already greened their fields with the board’s assistance, which provides planting material and training. Farmer Bipin Kumar in Magroo village says the lower Himalayas are particularly suitable for growing herbs. After starting plants such as aloe vera, stevia and lemongrass, he now plans to expand to other herbs.
“I still have a lot of vacant lands which I will cultivate because I am getting a good market, he said. “And I am learning that there are other herbs that I can grow.” He said the herbs survive even in relatively drier soils and do not get damaged by dense fog which is common in the hills.
Experts have shortlisted about 100 herbs that could be grown on the barren farmland where villagers gave up cultivating crops.
So far nearly 4,000 farmers have switched to growing herbs in seven North Indian states – in Himachal Pradesh, the number is 300.
“The ones who are successful are those who have entrepreneurship, who are willing to innovate. For example, they can plant short-term herbs in between other crops,” says Chandan. His organization also links farmers in remote villages with potential buyers to ensure they can market their crops.
The havoc caused by monkeys is not restricted to rural areas – their numbers are growing in towns and even in the capital New Delhi, where they are infamous for snatching food and even mobile phones. In December, advisers gave lawmakers tips on dealing with monkeys often seen around parliament. The experts said to leave the animals alone and don’t make eye contact.
The monkey population has surged since India banned their export for biomedical research in 1978.
The problem has been exacerbated because many in Hindu-majority India revere and feed the animals that they link to the Hindu deity Hanuman, who takes the form of a monkey.
But the brunt of the marauding monkeys is being felt in villages like Magroo in North India. Faced with growing losses, even older farmers here are now considering changing age-old farming patterns, although it’s hard to alter practices handed down generations.
Growing rice, corn and wheat is second nature to 79-year-old Charan Das, who has worked in the fields since he was a child. But after watching monkeys eat up more and more of his crop, he wants to shift to growing herbs.
“I will have to plant whatever the animals don’t eat,” he says ruefully. “At least then I will get some reward for my work.”
That is the message going out from workshops like the one in Magroo – there is a way to stay ahead of the monkeys. (VOA)