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How to Choose the Right Car Insurance Policy

Various aids like car insurance premium calculator and 24/7 assistance for Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance renewal, helps you to choose the right car insurance policy.  

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Tesla, car insurance
A sales staff chats with a customer at a Tesla store near a poster announcing orders of the Model 3 electric cars in Beijing, China, Monday, Jan. 7, 2019. VOA

Buying a new car is always an event in a family or an individual. The joy of purchasing a car should be accentuated with a matching car insurance policy. Apart from the customary “Nimbu-Mirchi-Totka” to safeguard from an evil eye that is a ritual with any new purchase in India. It lifts the spirit, but on the ground, as you drive your favourite car on the road, you are mandated to protect yourself from the vagaries of unforeseen events. The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 has made Third-Party Insurance compulsory for all motor vehicles on the road in India.

The need for car insurance:

The practice in India is that your car dealer includes the insurance policy in the purchase package of your new car. Though he acts as the facilitator, it is in your interest to be aware of the nuances that go into car insurance to protect you from financial losses in case of an accident. The car insurance not only covers for third-party losses but also for own damage.

Car Insurance
Directly dealing with the insurer secures you a lower premium on several features including savings on overheads that is passed on to you. Flickr

Types of car insurance:

There are broadly two types of car insurance:

  1. Third Party: This insurance policy is compulsory and compensates the victim from losses incurred on collision with your car.
  2. Comprehensive: In addition to the third party, it protects you from own damage due to the collision, personal loss and other damages by both acts of man and god.

Add-on covers:

These are necessary to enhance coverage of your car insurance. Some of the add-ons are enumerated below.

  • Zero depreciation: Covers replacement of plastic and other eligible parts ignoring the depreciation with age of the car.
  • Engine cover: For the protection of the engine from damages due to extraneous factors like flooding.
  • NCB: To continue with the year to year discounts for NCB in spite of claims in the previous year.
  • Invoice Cover: The compensation is to the tune of on-road price or full IDV in case of theft or total damage.
  • Key and lock replacement: Covers for loss due to loss of the key.
  • Round the clock roadside assistance.
  • Consumables: Covers for consumable items in the car.
  • Personal effects: Loss of personal baggage in the car.
Car Insurance
Computation of IDV is important. Lower IDV will reduce the premium, but will also impact by lesser compensation. Flickr

Inclusions in car insurance:

  • Own car damage in accidents.
  • Personal cover for death or disability due to accidents.
  • Cover for loss in natural disasters.
  • Cover up to IDV for theft.
  • Cover against human-made acts like fire, vandalism etc.

Exclusions in car insurance cover:

  • Damage caused while driving under the influence of alcohol or drug.
  • Driving without a valid license.
  • Damage suffered during involvement in illegal acts.
  • Damage out of war or nuclear risks.
  • Damage due to normal wear and tear.

Car Insurance Premium Calculator:

When opting for a preferred comprehensive insurance policy, the fundamental components that determine your premium by the car insurance premium calculator are:

  • Third party cover.
  • Own damage cover: It may vary depending on the follows.
  • IDV (Ex-Showroom price plus depreciation)
  • The capacity of the engine
  • Location of the RTO where registered.
  • Personal accident owner-driver cover.
  • Add-ons: This is variable depending on the choice.
  • GST at 18% presently.
Waymo, driverless cars, car insurance
New car buyers will compulsorily have to subscribe to third party liability cover for 3 or 5 years.

Long-term Car Insurance Policy:

IRDAI has prodded insurers to issue long duration policies for vehicles from 1st September 2018, consequent to the directive of the Supreme Court. Thus new car buyers will compulsorily have to subscribe to third party liability cover for 3 or 5 years. While these increase the cost of policy due to the upfront payment, in the long run, it works out to be economical. However, on the flip side, you lose out on annual discounts based on NCB.

Claim settlement ratio:

While buying a car insurance policy, you need to factor in the claim settlement ratio of the general insurance companies. Of the major insurers, Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance Renewal makes sense as they have consistently been in the top bracket with good claim settlement ratio.

Ways to reduce car insurance premium:

Even while you chose your policy meeting your needs, some factors may still impact the amount of premium. The various ways to lessen the premium are:

Car, insurance
Buying online insurance in UAE entitle the insurance buyer to avail exclusive offers and discounts. Pixabay
  • IDV: Computation of IDV is important. Lower IDV will reduce the premium, but will also impact by lesser compensation.
  • NCB: This factor can benefit you with up to 50% discount.
  • Security devices: Installation of ARAI approved devices like anti-theft can fetch you up to 2.5% discount.
  • AAI: AAI membership fetches you a discount on Own Damage component of premium.

Online purchase of Car Insurance:

Among the many options, the best option is to buy or renew your premium online. Let us see how it benefits:

Also Read: Insurance in 10 Years Time: What Will the Industry Look Like

  • Convenience: User-friendly portals make purchase easy from the comfort of your home at any time of the day.
  • Comparison: Multiple plans and quotes can be obtained to land the best deal.
  • Discounts: Directly dealing with the insurer secures you a lower premium on several features including savings on overheads that is passed on to you.
  • Assistance: Online assistance is just a click away.

Bottom Line:

Now that you are aware of all the nitty-gritty of car insurance, you are in a position to arrive at an informed decision. Various aids like car insurance premium calculator and 24/7 assistance for Bajaj Allianz Car Insurance renewal, helps you to choose the right car insurance policy.  

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Focus of Monetary Policy is Now Conclusively on Ensuring Better Transmission

As per our estimates, the so-called ‘core' system liquidity (total banking liquidity minus government balances) is around Rs 65,000 crore

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Monetary, Policy, Transmission
It thus seems reasonable to infer, in the absence of an official framework on liquidity ‘targets', that the RBI will want to ensure sustained liquidity surpluses of this magnitude going forward as well. Pixabay

The focus of monetary policy is now conclusively on ensuring better transmission. Towards this, for the first time in recent history the RBI has consciously moved liquidity stance to positive. Indeed, the Governor has lately referred to the Rs 1-1.5 lakh crore positive system liquidity as a comfort factor and facilitator for banks.

It thus seems reasonable to infer, in the absence of an official framework on liquidity ‘targets’, that the RBI will want to ensure sustained liquidity surpluses of this magnitude going forward as well.

The micro aspects:
As per our estimates, the so-called ‘core’ system liquidity (total banking liquidity minus government balances) is around Rs 65,000 crore as on early August. Assuming currency in circulation (CIC) seasonality of last year and superimposing a nominal growth rate to this, the system will lose around Rs 2,20,000 crore from here to March 2020.

Monetary, Policy, Transmission
The focus of monetary policy is now conclusively on ensuring better transmission. Pixabay

Adding back a higher RBI dividend and some balance of payment accretions, we are largely left with zero core liquidity by end of the financial year. However given the RBI’s current liquidity preference, we would assume they would want core liquidity to be at least be in surplus by a similar magnitude as today. This means that one should reasonably expect further open market operation (OMO) bond purchases from the RBI of at least Rs 65,000-75,000 crore between now and end of the financial year.

A further implication of this is that domestic net government bond supply between October and March is largely agnostic to whether the government decides to do a foreign currency sovereign bond issue or not. This is assuming that say $10 billion raised by government from offshore sovereign bonds would have been entirely converted by RBI into rupee liquidity. Thus the need for OMOs would have fallen to that extent.

Refreshing a table we had done in an earlier note, the Rs 70,000 crore assumed for the sovereign bond issue may just end up getting replaced as RBI OMO should the bond issue not happen.

While on the subject, one has to comment on the conceptual fallacy in the criticism often levied towards RBI’s OMOs as being monetisation of government deficit. Assuming an unwillingness to cut Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), the only two other tools for policy driven liquidity creation is purchase of forex or bonds. Long term repos are no solution since this is ‘borrowed’ and not permanent liquidity.

Also Read- India will Not Balk at Using Its Strength to Defend Itself

Given that purchase of forex is a function of flows that the RBI doesn’t directly influence, it has to resort to purchase of bonds for discretionary enhancements in core liquidity. Now, if this were being done much beyond the requirements of liquidity creation for the explicit purpose of supporting the bond issuance program or was systematically tied to the quantum of such program or didn’t display two-way directionality, then one could have legitimately argued for backdoor monetisation.

However, there is no evidence of this as well. Thus, any impact from OMOs has to be treated as largely an unavoidable cost of policy implementation just as other tools affect other market variables.

The macro aspects:
As can be seen, after the disruption from the global financial crisis (GFC) had subsided, the ratio of broad money (M3) as proportion of quarterly GDP had largely settled in a range. This broke lower post demonetisation, but hasn’t reverted still to its previous range. This is despite the well acknowledged growth slowdown that has now been underway for some time.

Monetary, Policy, Transmission
Towards this, for the first time in recent history the RBI has consciously moved liquidity stance to positive. Indeed, the Governor has lately referred. Pixabay

After largely tracking nominal GDP growth rates between 2012 and 2015, M3 growth had started to fall below GDP growth from early 2016, even before demonetisation. It is only very recently that M3 growth has been catching back with nominal GDP.

Also Read- Profits Will Follow If Customer Loyalty Put Forth

It can be argued that a necessary ask from monetary policy in response to the broad-based slowdown is for a higher rate of money supply growth than what has been in the recent few years. Indeed, that seems to have been the case also in the ‘golden’ growth period of 2005 – 2008, where M3 growth was much above nominal GDP growth. Assuming no changes to the money multiplier, this implies a higher pace of expansion in RBI’s balance sheet, including through more aggressive purchases of domestic bonds. (IANS)