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Images from Kolkata: Reality of Swachh Bharat

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Reality Of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

By Arnab Mitra

Mini Bus Stand, Howrah

A year back, on 2 October on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, Narendra Modi launched the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ in order to make India clean by 2019. The Prime Minister himself led the charge of the movement, coming to the streets with brooms along with his ministers and other government employees.

The campaign witnessed not only common people taking initiative to make India clean, but also big names like Sachin Tendulkar, Anil Ambani, Amitabh Bachhan and others in order to make “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” a successful story.

But almost a year after the launch of the clean India Mission/Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the condition of the country is as grimy and unsanitary as before. The roads continue to function as garbage dumping grounds, people continue to spit pan/gutkha casually in public places and in several villages people have no other option but to defecate in open. This is the reality of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

NewsGram travelled all around the ‘City of Joy’ Kolkata to find out how successful the “swachh Bharat” campaign has been in the past one year.

The first spot that the NewsGram team visited was Howrah, which houses the famous Howrah Bridge. However upon reaching the place, the deplorable condition of the city came out in full proportion.

Howrah Bus Terminus. Photo Courtesy: Madanmohan Samanta
Howrah Bus Terminus
Howrah Station Approach. Photo Courtesy: Madanmohan Samanta
Howrah Station Approach

 

One of the finest works of British architecture, Howrah Bridge is ‘decorated’ with red spots of gutkha at every nook and corner.

At the Howrah Station, people were seen relieving themselves in the open with foul smell of rotten food and urine all around.

The next stop was the anglo-hub of Kolkata’s Park Street, famous for the party goers was no better. There were wine bottles and waste food dumped on the roads, despite of a corporation dustbin on the street.

Amardeep Singh owner of the Mantra restaurant and bar at Park Street while talking to NewsGram, about the indifferent attitude of citizens towards sanitation said, “It’s temporary garbage, so we just dump it on the street. The corporation car comes and collects this garbage. We have been doing this since a long time.”

Jagannath Ghat Flower Market. Photo Courtesy: Madanmohan Samanta
Jagannath Ghat Flower Market

Maidan, the next place NewsGram visited, is a place of known for its greenery.  With Victoria Memorial at one side, and Eden Garden at the other side, it is a famous tourist spot of Kolkata.

N R S Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata Photo Courtesy: Madanmohan Samanta
N R S Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata

However upon reaching the place we found that the green pasture was littered with food packets, banana peels, cigarette buds.

This year on October 2, there will possibly be a huge celebration of one-year completion of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. The government and the media outlets will probably make a month long propaganda of Government’s huge success in the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ project. But the sanitary condition of the country will continue to deteriorate, if the citizens do not participate seriously and actively to make India a clean nation.

Photo Courtesy: Madanmohan Samanta

Next Story

Excessive Hygiene Can Cause Antibiotic Resistance, Says Study

Hence, the results indicated that a stable microbial diversity in clinical areas counteracts the spread of resistances

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The study found that between 2000 and 2010, the consumption of antibiotics increased globally from 50 billion to 70 billion standard units.
The study found that between 2000 and 2010, the consumption of antibiotics increased globally from 50 billion to 70 billion standard units. (IANS)

While maintaining hygiene is good for health, excess cleanliness could lead to antibiotic resistance often resulting to death and illness as well, suggests a new study.

Comparing all existing microorganisms and antibiotic resistances, the researchers at Austria’s University of Graz, showed that microbial diversity decreases in areas with high levels of hygiene and the diversity of resistances increases.

The team compared the intensive care unit of the institute with clean rooms subject to strong microbial control in the aerospace industry and with public and private buildings which have hardly any microbial controls.

“In environments with strong microbial control in the intensive care unit and industrially used clean rooms, there are increasing antibiotic resistances which show a high potential for combining with pathogens,” said Alexander Mahnert, director at the varsity.

Antibiotics were nearly always given before surgery to prevent infection. Wikimedia Commons
Antibiotics were nearly always given before surgery to prevent infection. Wikimedia Commons

The number of people who become ill and die from antibiotic-resistant germs is increasing worldwide, said the study, published in Nature Communications.

Hence, the results indicated that a stable microbial diversity in clinical areas counteracts the spread of resistances.

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With the microbial control of pathogens already being used in cultivated plants and also in humans in the framework of stool transplantation, pursuing such ideas in indoor areas in future is recommended, said Gabriele Berg from the varsity.

The team suggested regular airing, houseplants, deliberate use of useful microorganisms and reduction of antibacterial cleaning agents could be the strategies in maintaining or improving microbial diversity. (IANS)