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In the wake of Cauvery Issue, Bengaluru wastes 50 Percent of water it gets from the river

Over the next nine years, the city's water demand is predicted to be three times more than supply

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KARNATAKA, September 16, 2016: As Karnataka continues its legal battle over the Cauvery, the state’s capital- almost entirely dependent on the river- wastes half the water it receives, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of water-use data.

The only Indian city that wastes water at a greater rate is Kolkata. And the situation in Bengaluru will only worsen.

Every Bangalorean- 8.5 million people live in India’s third-most populous city- should get 150 litres of water per day. But what she gets is 65 litres, the equivalent of four flushes of a toilet. Water is supplied, on average, thrice a week.

Over the next nine years, the city’s water demand is predicted to be three times more than supply.

Its population density 13 times higher than Karnataka’s average, Bengaluru consumes 50 percent of Cauvery water reserved for domestic use in Karnataka. As much as 49 per cent of this water supplied is what is called “non-revenue water” or “unaccounted for water” — i.e., water lost in distribution — according to the Bengaluru Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) data.

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“Inequitable supply to different parts of the city — ranging from one-third to three times the average per capita daily supply — makes this worse,” Krishna Raj, associate professor at the Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bengaluru, and author of a 2013 paper on the city’s water supply system, told IndiaSpend.

Bengaluru’s water loss is the second-highest among Indian metros: Kolkata leads at 50 per cent. The wastage figure for Mumbai is 18 percent, New Delhi, 26 per cent and Chennai, 20 per cent. Across the world, cities lose only about 15 to 20 percent of their supply, said the ISEC study, which pegged Bengaluru’s losses at 48 percent three years ago.

Former BWSSB chairman, T.M. Vijay Bhaskar, admitted to a loss of about 46 percent water at a conference in February 2016. “Of 1,400 MLD (million litres per day) of water pumped to the city, 600 MLD goes to waste,” he said.

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The ISEC paper attributed the wastage to two types of distributional losses: First, damages, and leakages in the water supply system and, second, unauthorised water connections.

“Water leakages largely take place at distribution mains, service pipes and stand posts and together account for 88.5 percent of water spillover, the rest being low leakages at the main valve, meter joint stop valve, ferrule, air valve and others,” the paper said. “This huge loss is directly attributed to the water seepage at various stages of supply.”

Of the 270 thousand million cubic ft (TMC) of Cauvery water allotted to Karnataka by the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal, Raj estimated that, roughly, about 80 percent is used for agriculture and industry (down from over 90 percent in 2007). This leaves about 20 percent for rural and urban domestic use, of which Bengaluru records the highest demand.

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The city receives about 19 TMC of Cauvery water. Recently, the Karnataka State Urban Development Department provisionally raised supply by an additional 10 TMC to meet the needs of 110 villages added to the metropolitan area in 2007. A formal proposal to raise the city’s water supply to 30 TMC from the Cauvery basin has been forwarded to the central government.

Sourced from a distance of 100 km, up to a height of 540 m, the BWSSB spends nearly 60 percent of its budget in pumping water to the Bengaluru metropolitan region. With groundwater reserves overexploited and polluted, and its other two ageing reservoirs — the 120-year-old Heseraghatta and 83-year-old Thippegondanahalli of Cauvery’s Arkavathi tributary — unreliable, Bengaluru is almost entirely dependent on the disputed river.

The large water losses, which ISEC has recorded for the last five years at least, offset any efforts to augment water supply through various stages of Cauvery river water supply projects. Thus, efforts to enhance per capita water availability to 150 litres per capita per day (LPCD) to meet World Health Organisation (WHO) and Central Public Health and Environmental Organisation (CPEEHO) standards remain unfulfilled.

“After Stage IV Phase II of the Cauvery Water Supply Scheme (CWSS) was commissioned recently, Bengaluru now receives 1,350 MLD of water daily,” said Raj. “For the city’s population of 8.5 million (Census 2011), this quantity officially raises per capita water availability to 158.82 litres, which is more than sufficient to meet the WHO and CPEEHO standards.” (IANS)

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  • Manthra koliyer

    The cauvery issue has seriously caused lots of troubles.

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Conquer The Problems Of Infertility By Visiting Reputed Fertility Clinic

Diagnostic tests are conducted with lot of precision and care

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Conquer The Problems Of Infertility By Visiting Reputed Fertility Clinic
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In these modern times women are now opting for higher education and are in constant pursuit of career objectives. As a result their decision to raise a family takes a backseat and there are chances that later on in life, fertility issues arise. However, at times even some medically fit couples can have issues regarding fertility. Their desire to get an offspring drives them to visit fertility clinics in metropolitan towns. But it is best visit reputed clinic which have a team of highly educated and tech savvy medical professionals. Fertility clinic in Chennai and Fertility clinic in Bangalore enjoy a very trustworthy reputation where child- less couples can get good guidance and latest treatments.

Fertility clinic in Chennai has gained significant recognition for its robust infrastructure and a team of skilled doctors. This clinic is equipped with innovative fertility technologies and is committed to deliver positive outcomes and.  In fact Fertility clinic in Bangalore also boast of an eminent group of fertility specialists, IVF doctors and experienced embryologists. They are known to provide a highly personalised and accurate fertility solutions to the couples Latest techniques and cutting edge technologies are employed by expert   medical professionals for treatments in these clinics.

Few diagnostic tests are conducted with lot of precision and care in order to establish the most appropriate and suitable treatment required by the patients

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Generally the reasons for infertility can be categorised as;

  • Problems related to Hormone imbalance: these include  inability to produce eggs  as well as irregular menstruation cycle
  • Problems due to blocked fallopian tubes: This may be due to a history of tuberculosis
  • Problem due to Endometriosis: In this case the menstruation happens in the ovaries inside the body causing cysts and thus infertility.
  • Problems related to Males: These include low sperm counts, or reduced sperm motility or complete absence of sperm counts.
  • Inexplicable infertility: When no evident cause for the infertility can be diagnosed.

A multitude of treatments are offered in Fertility clinic in Chennai and Bangalore such as

  • Tubal evaluation,
  • Surgical sperm retrieval (SSR)
  • Embryo cryopreservation
  • In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) which is a simple technique  but beneficial for  many young couples with minor problems.
  • Pre-implantation  genetic diagnosis (PGD)
  • Intra cytoplasmic Sperm Injectivity ( ICSI)

Also read: Expert: Red Meat, Pork Improve Fertility

The treatments conducted in Fertility clinic in Chennai and fertility clinic in Bangalore enhance the success rates especially in women who have crossed the age of 35 or in women    who have previous history of miscarriages. These clinics has indeed helped multitude of couples to conceive and enjoy a family.  Various procedures are performed in a comfortable, congenial and hygienic atmosphere. The treatments being implemented in these clinics employ the most advanced and ground breaking technologies and best of laboratory facilities. The clinic’s innovative research and personalized care has set the benchmark for providing best fertility treatment in India.